Search result(s) - ákò

ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".



ákup

Hiligaynon

To take under one's care, to receive hospitably or kindly, to give board and lodging to, to shelter, feed and clothe. Ginákup níya akó sing mahigugmáon. He received me kindly, charitably, hospitably, supplying all my needs. Akúpa sing maáyo iníng makaloló-oy nga táo. Receive this poor fellow in all kindness. Take good care of this wretched man. Ipaákup ko lang iníng makilímos sa mga punoán. I will hand this beggar over to the care of the authorities. (see sagúd, sapópo, tábang).


alabá-ab

Hiligaynon

Moderate warmth, tepidity, lukewarmness; to be or become warm, lukewarm, tepid. Ang alabá-ab sang gúgma, sang sílak sang ádlaw, etc. The (mild, soft) warmth of love, of the rays of the sun, etc. Ang sópas nga maínit kaína, nagalabá-ab na. The soup that was hot a while ago is lukewarm now or has become tepid. Paalaba-ába lang ang túbig, índì mo pagpainíton gid. Make the water only lukewarm, do not make it quite hot. Naalaba-ában ang íya nga dúghan sang matám-is nga handumánan. His heart waxed warm with sweet recollections. Padálhi akó sing ísa ka báso nga tsa nga maalabá-ab. Get somebody to fetch me a glass of lukewarm tea.


alabú-ab

Hiligaynon

Leavings, sediment, dregs, lees, admixtures; offspring, progeny. Ang alabú-ab sang túbig. The sediment of water. Ang alabú-ab or inalabú-ab sang táo. The progeny or offspring of a man. Also used as a verb. Nagalabú-ab ang túbig. The water has formed a sediment. Ginaalabu-ában akó sang túbig sa sulúd siníng áwang. The water in this cistern contains too much sediment for me or it appears to me that the water in this cistern is mixed with sediment. (see lábud-dregs of wine, tubâ, vinegar, etc.; lágtok-sediment in a tube, tobacco-pipe, etc.; halabú-ab id.).


alagád

Hiligaynon

To wait for another to follow or come up with on the road; to wait dinner or the like. Ang madásig maglakát magalagád sa mahínay! The fast walker should wait for the slow one! Húy, alagadá (-ará) akó ánay. Hey! Wait for me. (see hulát, agád-ágad, angán, angán-angán).


alakápa

Hiligaynon

(Sp. a la capa) For appearance only, for politeness' sake, coldly formal, not heartily or sincerely. Gin-*ágda man akó níya, hóo, ápang alakápa lang. He invited me also, yes, but only to keep up appearances. Nagtámbong man siá, ápang alakápa lang, dílì hutúhut. He put in an appearance too, but in a coldly formal way, not with right goodwill. (see pasamústra, pakuláhaw id.).


alakáyo

Hiligaynon

Buffoon, jester, merry-andrew, clown; to act the clown, crack jokes, converse wittily, utter pleasantries. Ginalakayóhan akó níya. He made me laugh with his pleasantries or he acted like a clown in my presence. (see bilyáko, payáso, társo, páskin).


alakoón

Hiligaynon

What is to be-undertaken,-taken charge of,-seen to,-attempted,-set about; duty, responsibility, burden (to be shouldered). (see ákò, palangakóan, katungdánan, tulumánon, buluháton).


álan

Hiligaynon

Rancidity, rankness of taste or smell; to become rancid, rank, strong-scented, turn bad, said of fats, oils, bacon and the like. Nagálan na galî ang tosíno. After all the bacon has gone rancid. Naalánan akó sang búnga. I became dizzy from chewing betelnut. Amligí ang mantéka, agúd índì magálan. Take care of the lard, lest it should turn bad.


aláng-álang

Hiligaynon

Neither "fish, flesh nor fowl"; untimely, inconvenient, immature, not quite qualified or capable; to lack maturity, timeliness, qualities or conditions required. Ang mga páhò aláng-álang pa. The mangoes are not quite ripe yet. Aláng-álang pa ang tiémpo. The time is not convenient yet, the weather is still unreliable,-not quite suitable. Iníng batà aláng-álang pa sa pagbúthò. This child is too young to go to school. Also used as a verb. Dílì mo pagaláng-alángon ang pagabút mo dirí. Don't arrive here too late. Ginaláng-alángan akó sa pagdúaw sa ínyo, kay--. I was prevented from paying you a visit, because--. Kalití ang pagpaúlì, agúd dílì ka maaláng-alángan sang ulán. Make use of the first opportunity to go home, lest you should be detained by the rain.


alangá-ang

Hiligaynon

A slight cold, catarrh, a touch of fever. May alangá-ang siá or ginaalangá-ang siá. He has a slight cold. Inalangá-ang akó. I contracted a slight cold or catarrh. (see aláng-ang id.).


aláo

Hiligaynon

To treat, offer to visitors tobacco, cigars, materials for betelnut chewing, a drink, etc. Ialáo sa íla iníng mga abáno or alaoí silá siníng mga abáno. Offer them these cigars. Alaoón ko silá sa baláy. I'll entertain them at home. Ialáo akó sa íla sang malám-on nga dídto sa hulút. Please offer them the materials for betelnut-chewing that are there in the room. (see amóma-to give food to, offer estables, etc.; aláw id.).


álap

Hiligaynon

The last cleaning of rice before it is washed and got ready for the kettle; to clean rice after the two siftings called "tahúp" and "sisíg" respectively. Alápi ang bugás. Clean the rice. Separate from the rice all admixtures (that should not be boiled together with the clean, properly hulled rice). Iálap akó ánay sináng bugás. Please clean that rice for me. Ipaálap ang bugás sa bátà. Get the servant to clean the rice. Walâ siá sing inalápan. He has no clean rice.


álas

Hiligaynon

To wind up, coil. Alása ang písì. Wind up the rope. Iálas akó ánay sang kalát. Please, coil up the rope for me. Kon índì ka makahibaló magálas sang káble ipaálas mo lang inâ sa kay Pédro. If you don't know how to wind up the cable, get Peter to do it.


alasálan

Hiligaynon

(H) Roasting-spit. Buháti akó sing alasálan. Make me a roasting-spit. (see asál, asálan, arásal, arasálan).


álay

Hiligaynon

Stiffness, tiredness; to be or become stiff and tired from a long walk, overwork or the like, said especially of limbs and muscles. Nagálay ang íya páa. His leg has become stiff. Naalayán akó. I am stiff and tired. Metaphorically: Ginaalayán akó siníng mga bátà. I am getting tired of,-disgusted with-, these children. (see kápoy, kotóy, páol).


aláy-ay

Hiligaynon

To carry in-, support with-, one's arms, a child, sick person or the like, the person carried or supported assuming a leaning or half-lying position. Ginaaláy-ay níya ang masakít níya nga ilóy. She supports with her arms her sick mother. Alay-ayá ang bátà. Carry the baby in your arms. Ialáy-ay akó ánay siníng pilasón. Kindly support this wounded man with your arms. Paaláy-ayá siá sang masakit. Let him support the sick person.


alibákaw

Hiligaynon

The quite ripe betelnut that is preferred for chewing. Malúyag akó magmamâ sang alibákaw. I like to chew ripe betelnuts.


alibógbog

Hiligaynon

A slight headache, vertigo, dizziness and pain in the head. Also used as a verb. Nagaalibógbog ang úlo ko. My head feels giddy. Ginaalibógbog akó or may alibógbog akó. I have a slight headache.


alígmat

Hiligaynon

To remain awake, watch, keep vigil, stay up waiting for somebody, etc. Aligmatá akó túbtub nga magabút akó. Stay awake for me till I come. Magalígmat kamó. Keep vigil. Stay awake. (see puláw).


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