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ámba

Hiligaynon

To sing, chant, troll, choir. Maáyo siá magámba. She is a good singer. Makahibaló ka magámba siníng bág-o nga kalantáhon? Do you know how to sing this new song? Ginambahán níya kitá sang íya matám-is nga pagpaníngug. She sang to us in her sweet voice. Kon ímo ambahón iníng kalantáhon ákon pagaúpdan sa piáno ang ímo ambahánon. If you sing this song I will accompany you on the piano. Iámba akó siní. Sing this for me, please. (see kánta).



ámbak

Hiligaynon

(B) To jump down; to drop or fall down, as water over a precipice, etc. Ang túbig nagaámbak sa busáy. The water falls down over the precipice. Ang bátà nagámbak sa subâ humalín sa pángpang. The boy jumped into the river from the bank. Ambakí ang bató dídto. Jump down on that stone there. Ambak lang. Just jump down. Paambaká si Fuláno. Make N.N. jump down. Iníng subâ may madámù nga paámbak. This river has many waterfalls or cataracts. Paambakón ta ang subâ, básì may madakúp nga ísdà. Let us put a barrier across the river, perhaps we may be able to catch some fish. (see túmbò-to jump up straight, to rebound from the floor; lúmpat, lúkso-to leap, jump, spring).


ámbas

Hiligaynon

To cost much, be expensive, costly, cause greater outlay as compared with something else. Maámbas ang áni sang sa gálab. Harvesting rice with the small rice-cutter called kayóg is more expensive than harvesting with the sickle. Sa súbung siní nga trabáho maámbas ang sóhol nga inádlaw sang sa pákiaw. For such work daily wages are more costly than a contract for the whole. Nagámbas ang gásto námon tungúd sang ápat ka bátà námon nga dídto sa koléhyo. Our expenses were greater on account of our four children at college. Naambasán silá sang gásto sa karón nga túig, kay naginilísílis lang silá sang minasakít. They had larger outlay this year, for they fell sick one after another. Iníng kláse sang paglútò maámbas. This kind of cooking is expensive. (see hákug).


ámbò

Hiligaynon

To insist on, importune, ask for, beg to be allowed to do something. (see ahâ, sakár, panakár).


ámbon

Hiligaynon

Dense mist, fog, vapour, haze, clouds on mountains, etc.; also used as a verb. Naambonán ang mga búkid sing madámol. The mountains are densely enshrouded in clouds. May ámbon ang búkid-or-nagapangámbon ang búkid. The mountain is covered with clouds. (see alopó-op, gál-um, dámpug).


ámion

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, sweet smell, agreeable odour, perfume, scent; to be or become fragrant, sweet-smelling, scented, odoriferous. Iníng matahúm nga búlak walâ sing ámion (kaámion). This beautiful flower has no scent. Nagámion na ang hulút tungúd sináng mga búlak. The room became fragrant on account of those flowers. Naamionán akó siní nga búlak, ápang si Fuláno nabahoán. I like the smell of this flower, but N.N. dislikes it. Ang kalabánan sang mga búlak nga dirâ sa ámon pamulákan nagapangámion. Most of the flowers in our garden are fragrant. (see kaámion, maámion, pangámion, ámyon, hamút, humút).


amíto

Hiligaynon

(Sp. amito) Amice, a square of white linen worn by a priest on the shoulders below the alb.


ámon

Hiligaynon

(H) Our, ours, excluding the person spoken to; of, by or through us; sa ámon-us, to, from, at, on, upon, etc. us. (see námon, ákon).


ampílò

Hiligaynon

A coarse saddle-cloth, saddle-pad, often only an old sack or blanket used instead of a saddle by farmers riding on buffaloes, cows or horses; to use such a saddle-cloth. Nagaampílò siá sing sáko. He is using a sack as a saddle-cloth. Ampilói ang báka. Put a saddle-ploth on the back of the cow. Paampilói ang karabáw. Order someone to put a saddle-cloth on the buffalo. Iníng dáan nga hábul iampílò ko sa kabáyo. I will make use of this old blanket as a saddle-cloth for the horse. (see síya).


ámpis

Hiligaynon

(B) A Philippine woman's skirt; to use or wear such a skirt. Nagaámpis siá sing pulá. She wears a red skirt. Ampisí siá. Put a skirt on her. Paampisí siá. Make somebody put a skirt on her or provide her with a skirt. Ampisón ko lang iníng hábul. I'll make a skirt of this blanket, I'll make this blanket serve as a skirt. Iámpis mo ang ámpis. Put on your skirt. Indì ka na magbistído, kóndì magámpis ka gid. Don't wear a short dress any more, but put on a skirt. (see patádyong, tápis).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


anák

Hiligaynon

Child, son, daughter; godson, goddaughter; to give birth to, to bear a child, to be delivered of a child, to bring forth; to be godfather or godmother to a child at baptism or confirmation. Naganák siá sing isá ka laláki. She gave birth to a male-child, she was delivered of a boy. Iníng bátà ginanák ni Fulána. This child was born of N.N.-or-N.N. was godmother to this child. Buót ko ipaanák sa ímo iníng bátà. I should like you to be godfather (godmother) to this child. Manganák siá sa Sábado. He will be godfather on Saturday. Anka (ángka) iníng bátà. Be godfather (godmother) to this baby. Ang íla mga inanák. Their children or offspring. Anák-or-inanák siá sang isá ka panimaláy nga lutáw. He was of noble family, of good family. (see bátà, alángkon).


anám-anám

Hiligaynon

Caution, circumspection, wariness; to be careful, wary, to beware, be cautious, act with circumspection or precaution. Anám-anamá gid ang paglápak mo sa pántaw, káy básì magubâ. Be careful how you walk on the kitchen-balcony, for it may give way. Anám-anamí gid iníng táytay sa ímo paglakát. Walk cautiously over this bridge. (see ándam, tagám).


andadór

Hiligaynon

(Sp. andador) A kind of baby-carriage on rollers or small wheels made use of in teaching little babies to walk.


ándam

Hiligaynon

Caution, wariness, carefulness, prudence, circumspection; to be cautious, to beware, to be careful, wary, circumspect. Andamá ang pagkapút sang báso, agúd índì makapalús sa kamót mo. Grasp the glass carefully, lest it should slip out of your hand. Andamí iníng báso. Handle this glass with care. Paandamí sa íla iníng karabáw, kay palasúngay. Let them beware of this buffalo, for it tosses. Iándam akó ánay siníng báso. Kindly take care of this glass for me. Inandamán níla gid ang síngsing, agúd índì madúlà. They were very careful with the ring, lest it should be lost. Ipaándam ko sa ímo iníng taknáan. I entrust this watch to your care. Andam ka! Beware! Be on your guard! Look out! (see anám-anám, tagám).


andámio

Hiligaynon

(Sp. andamio) Gangplank, gangway, gangboard, a narrow framework or platform for the passage of vehicles and pedestrians; scaffold; to use or apply a gangboard, etc. Butangí sing andámio ang baróto. Place a gangplank on the ferryboat. Andamiohí ang alágyan. Put a gangplank where the people pass. Iandámio ko iníng tápì. I'll use this board as a gangway. Andamiohá iníng káhoy. Make a gangway out of this wood. Paandamiohán mo sa íla ang sakayán, agúd makasákà ang mga sumalákay. Let them put a gangway to the boat, that the passengers may be able to go on board. (see latayán).


áng-ang

Hiligaynon

To stammer, to stutter; stammering, stuttering. Nagaáng-ang siá kon maghámbal. He stammers when he talks. Indì ka magáng-ang sing támà. Try not to stammer so much. (see gágo, pihít, hát-on).


angán

Hiligaynon

(B) To wait for, to expect. Anganá akó sing diótay nga hóras. Wait for me a little while. Iníng kán-on iangán ko sa kay tátay. This cooked rice I am keeping in expectation of father's coming. Nagaalipasá akó sa pagpaúlì, kay ginaangán akó níla sa pagpanyága. I am in a hurry to get home, for they are waiting for me to come to dinner-or-are waiting dinner for me. (see hulát).


ánggot

Hiligaynon

To get used to take proper food, to get a liking for, or to relish, proper food, applied especially to a baby or to a young animal just weaned. Sang úna iníng tínday nagdolodámgot (nagdolodánggot) lang sang hilamón, ápang karón nagánggot na sa halálbon. Formerly this calf used only to nibble at the grass, but now it is beginning to graze. Bisán lutasón na iníng bátà, kay maánggot na sa pagkáon sing kán-on. There is no harm now in weaning this baby, because it already likes to eat rice.


ángkas

Hiligaynon

To ride behind someone else, to accompany somebody on the same riding animal, bicycle, automobile, etc. Angkasí nínyo nga duná ang ákon kabáyo. Ride on my horse, the two of you, one behind the other. Ginangkasán níla ang ákon karabáw. They rode on my buffalo. Iángkas lang ang bakág. Simply take the basket along (on horseback, etc). Iángkas mo akó siníng bakág. Please take along on the back of the buffalo, etc. this basket. Buót ka magángkas? Would you like to get up behind me? Paangkasá akó. Let me get up behind you. Let me accompany you. Ginpaángkas níya akó sa íya karabáw. He allowed me to get up behind him on the back of his buffalo.


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