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ágbà

Hiligaynon

Dumb, mum, silent, taciturn (applied to persons who habitually talk little, and rarely allow themselves to be drawn into a conversation, but particularly said of those, who on being questioned or asked an explanation keep a sullen or stubborn silence). Agbà nga táo. A very taciturn man. Iníng batà ágbà gid. This is a very stubborn child from whom it is difficult to get an answer to questions. Kaágbà sa ímo. How stubborn you are! Have you lost your tongue! Indì ka maginágbà or magpakaágbà. Don't pretend to be deaf and dumb. Don't act as if you could not speak. (N.B. ágbà is related to apâ, but in speaking of persons afflicted with dumbness "apâ" only is used and never "ágbà").



ágbay

Hiligaynon

To put one's arms on or round another's shoulder. Nagalakát silá nga nagaagbayánay. They are walking with their arms round each other's shoulders. Agbayí siá. Place your arm on his shoulder. Indì ka magágbay sa íya. Don't put your arm on his or her shoulder. Paagbayón mo ang masakít. Let the sick person put his arm on your shoulder. Sa dakû nga kakáhas nagágbay siá sa kay Fulána, apang dáyon siá níya sinúmbag kag siníkway. With great boldness he put his arm on Miss N.N.'s shoulder, but immediately he received a slap from her and was repulsed with contempt.


ágbon

Hiligaynon

(H) Fine ashes, cigar-ash; to be converted into ashes. Ang ákon abáno nagágbon na. My cigar is converted into ashes. Pilá ka abáno ang ginaágbon mo sa isá ka ádlaw? How many cigars do you convert into ashes in the course of one day? (see abó).


ágday

Hiligaynon

Slowness, weakness, laziness; to do slowly,-leisurely,-lazily, to be slow at work, dilatory in execution, dull of understanding. Anó ang ginaágday mo? Why do you work so slowly? Indì ka magágday sa pagóbra or indì mo pagagdáyon ang pagóbra. Don't be lazy at work. (see hínay, lágway, lágday, lamínday, luyò, búndol, pákok).


ági

Hiligaynon

Passage, trace, incident, event; to go by, pass by, pass through. Ang mga ági kag bilín sang salâ. The traces and remains of sin. Ang mga ági sang íya kabúhì. The incidents of his life. Kon magági ka dirí, hapíti kamí. If you pass this way, visit us. Indì ka makaági dirâ, kay nakodalán ang umá. You cannot pass through there, for the field is fenced in. Ang dalán nga íla ginágyan (ginagíhan)-. The road over which they passed-. Iági akó siníng tulún-an sa kay Fuláno. Kindly hand this book over to N.N. in passing. Buás ágyon ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll call for you in passing (and take you along). Buás ágyan ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll visit you on my way. Paágyon mo kamí sa ímo umá. Let us pass through your field. Dílì mo pagpaágyan sa íla ang áton umá. Don't allow them to pass through our field. Walâ pa akó kaági (makaági) dídto. I have never been there yet, I have had no occasion to pass that way, I have not seen or passed that place at all.


agohós

Hiligaynon

Shunning work, avoiding labour, lazy, slothful; to be or become lazy, slothful, indolent, averse to work. Mostly used with pa- in the meaning of: to shirk or avoid work, to perform lazily. Indì ka magpaagohós sang pangabúdlay or indì mo pagpaagohosán ang pagpangabúdlay. Don't be lazy or indolent at your work. Don't work lazily. Ang mga matámad nagapaagohós sang pangabúdlay. Lazy people are averse to hard work. (see támad, amád, ágol).


ágol

Hiligaynon

Lazy, indolent, slothful; to be lazy, indolent, slothful. Indì ka magágol. Don't be lazy. Indì mo pagagólan ang pagtúman sang ímo mga katungdánan. Don't be indolent in the performance of your duties.


agrót

Hiligaynon

A boaster, braggart, exaggerator; boasting, bragging, exaggerating talk. Agrót gid siá; lakás na man ang agrót nga íya sinúgid. He is a great braggart; his exaggerations are really too much. Indì ka magsúgid sang ímo agrót. Don't boast. Don't tire other people with your boastful talk. (see búrà, hákal, hádak, hámbug, wákal, etc.).


ágsa

Hiligaynon

To work another's fields for part of the produce. Agsa ko lang iníng umá. I work this farm only as a tenant. Sín-o ang ginaagsahán mo? Who is the owner of your leasehold? Ang agsadór ko amó ang nagaágsa sang ákon dútà. My tenant is the one who works my farm. Ginapaágsa níya ang íya dútà sa isá ka salalígan nga agsadór. He let his land on lease to a trustworthy tenant. Kon may lúyag ka ipaágsa ko sa ímo ang ákon umá. If you like, I'll let you have my farm in tenure by lease. Agsahí siá. Become his tenant. Take his land in tenure by lease. Take some of his land on lease.


ágsik

Hiligaynon

To fly off, scatter, spray, splash, bespatter. Sang pagbí-al ko sang káhoy ang mga inágsap nagágsik sa malayô. When I split the wood, the chips flew to a distance. Naagsikán akó sang lúnang. I got bespattered with mud. Indì ka magpalapít dirâ, kay básì maagsikán ka sing binílbig nga bató. Don't go near there, for you may be hit by a flying piece of stone. Paagsiká ang bató. Let the stone-chips fly. (see ásang, ásik, ápok, lásik).


ágtà

Hiligaynon

Blackish, black, negro-black. Abáw, dáw ágtà ang bátà. Oh, the child is as black as a negro. Diín ka man mag-*ágtà? Where did you become so black? Naagtaán gid akó siníng áti. I consider this negrito very black. (see áta, id.).


agubáy

Hiligaynon

To support, guide, help along persons who cannot walk well by themselves; to assist people in their necessities. Agubayá iníng piáng. Help along this lame person. Iagubáy akó ánay siníng masakít nga batà. Please support this sick child for me. Ipaagubáy ko lang iníng makaloló-oy nga tigúlang sa mga mádre. I'll get the nuns to take care of this poor old man. Makaagubáy ka sa íya? Can you help him along? Ginagubáy námon siá, kay malúya siá maglakát. We helped him along, as he had little strength to walk.


agúd

Hiligaynon

That, in order that, so that; agúd índì or agúd dílì-lest, in order that not. Magtoón kamó, agúd magálam. Study, that you may become learned. Basáha ang tulún-an sing matalupángdon, agúd ímo masáyran ang ginabása mo. Read the book with attention, in order that you may understand what you read. Kápti ang alobáybay, agúd índì ka mahúlog. Keep hold of the handrail, lest you should fall down. Amligí ang pagdalá mo siníng báso, agúd dílì mabúong. Carry this glass with care, in order that it may not break. N.B. The particle "nga" is frequently added to agúd (agúd nga, agúd nga dílì, etc.), but it may be left out without change of meaning.


agúnta

Hiligaynon

To wheeze, be short of breath. Kon mamuérsa ka sa paghákwat siníng bató, magaagúnta ka. If you exert yourself much in lifting this stone, you will gasp for breath.


agwáda

Hiligaynon

(Sp. aguada) To get or fetch water (especially with two tins suspended from a pole carried over the shoulder). Agwáda ka or magagwáda ka sing túbig sa subâ kag dálha dirí. Fetch water from the river and bring it here. Agwadáhi akó sing túbig sa madalî, kay ilútò ko sa panyága. Fetch me some water at once, for I'm going to use it for cooking the dinner. (see ság-ub).


aháng

Hiligaynon

Daring, boldness; to be or become daring, bold, impertinent. Nagaháng siá galî or ginahangán níya galî! Was he really so bold! Magaháng ka lang sa pagkúhà sing lubí or ahangí lang ang pagkúhà sing lubí. Pluck up courage and take a coconut. (see ahás, dahás, káhas).


ahát

Hiligaynon

To do something prematurely, before the regular or proper time or even against one's inclination. Ahatá lang ang pagpópò sang páhò. Pluck the mango, even though it is not yet quite ripe. Ginaahát níla ang ságing nga línghod. They are eating unripe bananas. Ahatón mo ang buót mo sa paglakát, bisan índì ka malúyag. Make up your mind to go, although you do not like to. Masakít karón ang íya solóksolók, kay man gin-*ahát níya ang mga sirig-wélas nga hiláw. Of course he has stomach-ache, he has eaten green plums.


ákig

Hiligaynon

(H) Anger, ire, wrath, rage, passion, choler, fury, indignation; to be or make angry, become angry, irate, wroth, wrathful, furious, indignant. Indì ka magákig or mangákig. Don't be angry. Tî, kon may salâ ang bátà mo akígi kag hanóta. Well, if your boy is at fault, show him your displeasure and give him a whipping. Indì mo siá pagakígan, kay dílì siá amó ang may salâ. Don't be angry with him, for he is not the one to blame. Indì ka ánay maghámbal sa íya, kay básì maákig siá. Don't talk to him now, for he may get angry. Inakígan níya gid ang ámon paglatás sa íya nga talámnan. He flew in a rage, because we had cut straight across his field.


ákmol

Hiligaynon

Crustiness, thickness; to thicken, to harden, become crusty, to crust or incrust, said of dirt, dusty perspiration on the body, too much starch on clothes and the like. Nagákmol sa íya nawóng ang bálhas kag bulíng. Perspiration and dirt incrusted his face or his face was coated with sweat and dust. May duhá ukón tátlo ka báhin sang ákon báyò nga ginpaákmol sang mamumunák sang almidón. My dress was coated with starch in two or three places by the washerwoman. Kabáskug siníng pakô nga naakmolán sang almidón! Oh, the stiffness of this over-starched sleeve! (see dákmol, dámol, ápol).


ákra

Hiligaynon

To pout, to sulk, to say "A", "Hem" and the like in ill-humour, or in rejecting a favour, or refusing a kindness. Anó ang ginaákra mo? Why are you so sulky? What causes you to pout or sulk? Ginhatágan ko ikáw sing duhá ka bílog nga páhò kag nagákra pa ikáw? I gave you two mangoes and still you are discontented?


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