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ámbong

Hiligaynon

Loveliness, prettiness, attractiveness; self-respect, tact, modesty; to be or become nice, pretty, lovely, self-respecting, tactful, modest, etc. Magámbong ka sa ímo kagawián. Try to be modest in your behaviour. Be tactful in your manners. Ginámbong níya gid ang íya pamísti (pagnaúg). She was very properly dressed, took care to have her clothes neatly arranged. Ambongá ang ímo paglakát. Be modest or well-mannered in your way of walking. Si Pedro naambongán sa kay Pulána, ápang si Hosé walâ maambongí sa íya. Peter was well impressed by the bearing of Miss N. N., but Joseph was not well impressed by her manner. Nagámbong na iníng bátà. This child has grown quite pretty. (see ányag, gayón, tahúm, mahî, úgdang, lígdong).



ambót

Hiligaynon

(H) I don't know, I am not aware of it, I know nothing about it. Diín si Fuláno?-Ambót. Where is N. N.?-I don't know. Ambót kon sa diín siá nagkádto. I don't know where he went to. Nagambót siá sa ákon. He answered me with: "I don't know". Indì ka magambót-or-magpangambót kon pangkotón ikáw. When you are asked don't say: "I don't know". (see ambáy, ilám).


amô

Hiligaynon

Monkey, ape. Ang ákon ámo may duhá ka amô nga amó ang ginbalígyà sa íya ni Fuláno. My master has two monkeys that were sold to him by N.N.


ámò

Hiligaynon

(B) To be-, get-, procure-, share in-, the same kind of a thing. Amóon ko iníng mga ságing, kay úyon ko. I will get the same bananas, for I like them. I will get a share of these bananas, for I like them. Amói akó siníng mga sáhà. Let me have some of these banana suckers. Ipaámò ko sa ímo ang isá ka pásong siníng bínhì. I'll let you have a bushel of this seed-grain. Paamói or paamóa akó sináng mga páhò. Get me some of those mangoes (through somebody else).


ámog

Hiligaynon

Very touchy, extremely sensitive, thin-skinned, crying upon the least occasion, etc. Amog nga bátà. A very touchy child. Also: to be or become touchy, etc. Sán-o pa ikáw magámog? When did you become so touchy? Since when are you so sensitive? Naamogán kamí sa íya. We consider him, very touchy. Indì ka maginámog. Don't be over-sensitive. Indì ka magpatámà sang ímo pagkaámog. Don't go too far in your sensitiveness. (see bingít, pawíkan).


amolít

Hiligaynon

To harm, damage, injure, spite, do mischief to. Indì ka magamolít sa ákon-or-índì mo akó pagamolitán. Don't do me any harm. Don't harm me. Ginamolitán níla ang íya mga tanúm. They did damage to his plants out of spite. Sarìsárì ang mga pahítò nga íla gingámit sa pagamolít sang íya pangabúhì. They used various means to make his life miserable. Madámù nga mga pagbutángbútang ang íla ginamolít sa íya. They resorted to many calumnies in order to harm him. Inamolitán níla ang íya kalubihán. They spitefully damaged his coconut-plantation. (see dáut, tístis, panístis).


amóma

Hiligaynon

A present or gift of food and drink, hospitable entertainment, a treat; to entertain, regale, treat, give food and drink to, etc. Iamóma ko sa íya iníng mga ságing. I'll give him these bananas as a present. Amomáha siá sing maáyo. Treat him well. Nagamóma silá sa ámon sing dagáyà nga kalan-ónon. They treated us to plenty of delicate viands. Ihátag mo sa íya iníng duhá ka búlig nga ságing nga tigáylo sang kárne nga inamóma níya sa ákon. Give him these two bunches of bananas in return for the meat he gave me. Maálwan siá sing kamót sa pagpangamóma sa mga nagadúaw sa íya. He is open-handed in his treatment of visitors. (see aláw).


ámot

Hiligaynon

Contribution, mite, offering, donation; subscription; to contribute, subscribe, donate, pay a share, donate in common with others, etc. Magámot kamó. Contribute. You should contribute. Amóti nínyo ang simbáhan. Contribute for the church fund. Iámot iníng duhá ka mángmang sa mga nasunúgan sang íla baláy. Contribute these two pesos for the benefit of those whose houses were burned down. Amótan nínyo nga tátlo ang ákon báboy. The three of you should put your money together and buy my pig. May mga paámot sa madámù nga kinahánglan. Contributions are solicited for many needs. Paamóta siá sing madámù kay manggaránon man siá. Get him to contribute a good amount, for he is rich. Madámù ang walâ pa makahátag sang íla ámot. Many have not yet paid their contribution-or-subscription. Paamóti sa mga pumulúyò ang áton hospitál. Get the townspeople to give something in aid of our hospital. (see alamotán, umalamót, báyad, baláyran, tákay).


ámpag

Hiligaynon

A prominent place, a foremost, reserved or special seat; to choose a prominent seat, to sit in the front row, take a top seat; to show off, give oneself airs. Paámpag is mostly used. Dirâ silá sa ámpag. They are there in the front row. Indì ka magpaámpag. Don't take a top seat. Don't sit in the front row. Don't show off or be ostentatious. Nagapaámpag gid siá. She is carrying herself proudly or showing off. Dílì mo pag-ipaámpag yanáng mga táo. Do not place those men in the front row. Hándà na ang síya nga igapaámpag ko sa Senyór Obispo. The chair is now ready which I will place in a prominent position for His Excellence.


ámpin

Hiligaynon

Favour, sympathy, support, help, partnership; supporter, sympathizer, helper; to take sides with, to help or support. Walâ siá sing ámpin. He has no-one to support him, or he has no-one to back him up. Kon walâ ka sing ámpin índì ka makadaúg. If you have no help you cannot win. Iníng pányo ilámpin ko sa bátà nga bílang iámpin sa hángin. I'll wrap the child up in this cloth as a protection against the wind. Ampiní siá. Support him. Back him up. Itípyok ko ang tanán ko nga mga ginsakúpan nga ipaámpin ko sa ímo. I will hand over all my followers to your support. Sín-o ang nagámpin sa íya? Who gave him a backing? (see ápin).


ámpis

Hiligaynon

(B) A Philippine woman's skirt; to use or wear such a skirt. Nagaámpis siá sing pulá. She wears a red skirt. Ampisí siá. Put a skirt on her. Paampisí siá. Make somebody put a skirt on her or provide her with a skirt. Ampisón ko lang iníng hábul. I'll make a skirt of this blanket, I'll make this blanket serve as a skirt. Iámpis mo ang ámpis. Put on your skirt. Indì ka na magbistído, kóndì magámpis ka gid. Don't wear a short dress any more, but put on a skirt. (see patádyong, tápis).


ámpò

Hiligaynon

Prayer, petition, request, to pray, beseech, ask, beg, petition, request. Nagaámpò akó, or ginaámpò ko nga-. I pray, that-. Iámpò mo akó sa Diós. Please, pray to God for me. Ginaampoán ko ikáw ánay siníng duhá ka mángmang nga ákon útang túbtub nga makítà ko ang ikabáyad sa ímo. I beg of you to wait a little with regard to those two pesos I owe you till I find the money to pay you with. Ampò ka sa hukóm, básì kalo-óyan ikáw níya. Petition the judge, may be he will have compassion with you. Mangámpò akó. I surrender; I give in; I ask for mercy. (An expression often used by one beaten at wrestling, boxing or the like). Ginámpò ko sa íya inâ, ápang walâ níya pag-ihátag sa ákon. I asked him for it, but he did not give it to me. (see pangáyò, pangamúyò, pakilóoy, ahâ, etc.; magalámpò-intercessor, patron).


amúlya

Hiligaynon

(Sp. amollar) To ease off, shift a little; to go to, to go. Usually paamúlya is employed. Diín ka mapaamúlya? Where are you going to? Diín ka magpaamúlya? Where have you been? Where are you coming from? (see kádto, pakádto).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


ánad

Hiligaynon

To practise, exercise, accustom to, train, break in, perform regularly or habitually. Anára ang batásan mo nga dílì ka na magpamuyáyaw. Try to get the habit of not using profane language-or-acquire the habit of not cursing and swearing. Naánad na akó dirí siníng lugár. I am now accustomed to this place. Indì akó maánad siníng lugár. I cannot accustom myself to this place. Naanáran-or-naándan ko na iníng lugár. I am now familiar with-, accustomed to-, this place. Ipaánad ko sa ímo iníng karabáw nga simarón. I'll hand this wild buffalo over to you to be trained or tamed. Magpaánad ka siní nga trabáho. Try to exercise-, practise-, accustom yourself to-, this kind of work (see hánas, ságad, batíd).


anák

Hiligaynon

Child, son, daughter; godson, goddaughter; to give birth to, to bear a child, to be delivered of a child, to bring forth; to be godfather or godmother to a child at baptism or confirmation. Naganák siá sing isá ka laláki. She gave birth to a male-child, she was delivered of a boy. Iníng bátà ginanák ni Fulána. This child was born of N.N.-or-N.N. was godmother to this child. Buót ko ipaanák sa ímo iníng bátà. I should like you to be godfather (godmother) to this child. Manganák siá sa Sábado. He will be godfather on Saturday. Anka (ángka) iníng bátà. Be godfather (godmother) to this baby. Ang íla mga inanák. Their children or offspring. Anák-or-inanák siá sang isá ka panimaláy nga lutáw. He was of noble family, of good family. (see bátà, alángkon).


ananáy

Hiligaynon

Quiet, noiselessness, tranquility; quiet, gentle, tranquil, noiseless; to do quietly or noiselessly, perform without bustle. Ananáy ka sa pagbángon mo, agúd índì makibót ang mga nagakatulúg. Rise quietly, lest the sleepers should be startled. Ananayá ang paghákwat sang kólon, agúd índì mabúong. Lift the pot slowly (carefully), so as not to break it. Iananáy akó ánay sa paghákwat siníng masakít nga táo. Please, lift this sick man gently. (see hínay, mahínay, inanáy, alugáynay).


ándam

Hiligaynon

Caution, wariness, carefulness, prudence, circumspection; to be cautious, to beware, to be careful, wary, circumspect. Andamá ang pagkapút sang báso, agúd índì makapalús sa kamót mo. Grasp the glass carefully, lest it should slip out of your hand. Andamí iníng báso. Handle this glass with care. Paandamí sa íla iníng karabáw, kay palasúngay. Let them beware of this buffalo, for it tosses. Iándam akó ánay siníng báso. Kindly take care of this glass for me. Inandamán níla gid ang síngsing, agúd índì madúlà. They were very careful with the ring, lest it should be lost. Ipaándam ko sa ímo iníng taknáan. I entrust this watch to your care. Andam ka! Beware! Be on your guard! Look out! (see anám-anám, tagám).


ándo

Hiligaynon

(Perhaps from the Sp. andar) One go, push, jerk, toss or pull; to take-, lift-, pull off-, with a jerk, etc. Andohá ang baráha. Lift the card-or-take off one card after another from the pack. Isá lang níya ka pagándo (ándo) ang isá ka pínggan nga laúya. He just gulps down in one go a plateful of boiled meat. (see gólpe, hinálì).


áng-ang

Hiligaynon

To stammer, to stutter; stammering, stuttering. Nagaáng-ang siá kon maghámbal. He stammers when he talks. Indì ka magáng-ang sing támà. Try not to stammer so much. (see gágo, pihít, hát-on).


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