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así-ási

Hiligaynon

To be aware of, know, understand, comprehend. Walâ ka gánì kaasí-ási sang kabangdánan; ngáa man nga mangákig ka sa ámon? You do not even know the reason; why, then, are you angry with us?



áslum

Hiligaynon

Sourness, bitterness, sharpness, tartness, acidity; to be or become sour, to sour, make sour. Nagáslum ang bíno. The wine has gone sour. Iníng búnga walâ gid sing áslum. This fruit has no tartness at all. Aslumí ang manók, ápang dílì mo pagaslumón. Mix something sour with the chicken, but do not make it quite sharp. Pagapaaslumón ko gid iníng diótay nga tubâ, kay buháton ko nga lebadúra. I will let this little palm-wine get sour, for I am going to make yeast of it. Iníng isá ka kutsára nga lánggaw iáslum ko sa ísdà. I will season the fish with this spoonful of vinegar.


asúkar

Hiligaynon

(Sp. azucar) Sugar; to make sugar including all the operations in the final stage of the process of sugar-milling, transferring the pulút (the sugar-cane-juice that has become thick and sticky through evaporation) from the cauldron to a flat-bottomed trough and stirring it there with special shovels, till ready for drying and packing. Asukára na lang ang pulút. Turn the pulút into sugar. Asukári akó sing isá ka káwà nga pulút sa madalì, kay may kinahánglan akó sinâ. Turn me a cauldronful of pulút into sugar at once, for I need it. Iasúkar akó ánay siníng pulút. Please turn this pulút into sugar for me. (see arníbal, kalámay).


át-at

Hiligaynon

To be able to stand the taste of something sour, bitter, pungent or acrid. Indì akó makaát-at sang kaádat siníng búnga sang kabúgaw. I cannot stand the sourness of this pomelo. Atatá gid ang kaádat siníng bulúng. Force yourself to stand the bitterness of this medicine. Indì ka makaát-at sinâ. You cannot stand that taste on account of its sharpness. (see ít-it, íro, batás).


atádo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. atado) Tied, bound; a bundle or heap; a certain measure, particularly used in selling small fish. Nakabakál akó sing duhá ka atádo nga bilóng-bilóng, balingón, etc. I have bought two measures of bilóng-bilóng, balingón etc. N.B. Fish are often arranged for sale in little heaps to suit the dealer and his customers. The size of the heap may range from a handful to a hatful, and the price of each heap may vary from two centavos to half a peso, according to the quantity and quality of the fish. (see dulún, túmpok).


áti

Hiligaynon

Negrito, a member of the dark-skinned tribes living in the mountains; a beggar, mendicant, from the fact that the Negritoes often leave their mountains and come down to the plains to beg alms. Also used as a verb. Daw áti ikáw. You are like a Negrito. You are an awful beggar. Nagáti ka galî? Have you become a Negrito? (said of one who is dark from long exposure to the sun or who is very dirty, etc.).


atí

Hiligaynon

To sack, rob, steal, plunder. Ginatí níla ang bánwa. They sacked the town. Dílì nínyo pagatión (pagatihón) ang báryo. Don't plunder the village. Ang mga buyóng nagapangatí. Brigands rob and steal. Indì kamó magpangatí. Don't rob and steal like brigands. Iníng bánwa inatián (inatihán) sang mga buyóng sang duhá na ka túig. This town was partly plundered by robbers two years ago.


atrasár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. atrasar) To be-, do-, late, to postpone, put off. Nagatrasár siá sing duhá ka táknà (óras) sang íya pagpaúlì sa baláy. He went home two hours too late. Atrasahá sing diótay ang óras mo. Postpone a little the time you appointed. Indì mo siá pagpaatrasahón. Don't cause him to be late. Don't retard him. (see atrasádo, kulihót, olíhi, olihí).


atúbang

Hiligaynon

The position directly before a person or thing, front, face; to face, stand before, confront. Sa atúbang maáyo siá, ápang sa likód malibákon. In one's presence he is fair-spoken, but behind one's back he is given to detracting. Magatúbang ka sa íya. Present yourself before him. Stand before him. Face him. Atubánga siá. Face him. Confront him. Paatubánga si Hosé sa ákon. Make José appear before me. Paatubánga si Hosé sa kay Andres. Tell José to go over to Andrew (to keep him company, talk to him, etc.). Ipaatúbang ko siá sa ímo. I'll present him to you or make him appear before you. (see támpad).


awát

Hiligaynon

Occupation, business, engagement, work, anything that detains; to keep busy or engaged, to hinder from doing or attending to something else. May awát akó. I have some task to perform, some work in hand (and, consequently, I beg to be excused). Ginawát akó níya. He kept me occupied, hindered me from attending to something else. Dî mo akó pagawatón. Don't hinder or interrupt me. Iníng trabáho iawát ko sa ímo. I'll give you this work as an interruption to your present engagement. Awatí sing malíp-ot nga tión ang ímong buluhatón. Interrupt for a moment your present occupation. Allow your time to be encroached upon for a while. Awát man lang inâ. That was only an interruption, was of no avail, to no purpose, was a complete failure. Indì ka magkádto dídto, kay awát man lang ang ímo pagkádto. Don't go there, for your going there will be only a waste of time. (see kaawátan, mainawáton, libáng).


áyao

Hiligaynon

Satisfaction, sufficiency, enough; to satisfy, come up to the mark, fill up what is short, be sufficient or enough. Makaáyao balá ang isá ka pásong nga humáy sa ánum ka táo sa isá ka búlan?-Abáw, índì gid, hálus gánì nga makaáyao sa íla ang ápat ka pásong. Will one bushel of rice be sufficient for six men for one month?-Oh, no, by no means; four bushels will scarcely be sufficient for them. Kúlang pa ang pitó ka gántang sa isá ka pásong; ayáoa lang iníng pitó ka gántang. There are still seven gantas short of one bushel; just add seven gantas to make the measure complete. Magkúhà ka lang sing diótay nga humáy sa ákon tambóbo, ápang índì mo pagayáoon nga isá ka pásong. Take a little rice from my granary, but do not take a whole bushel. Kon magkádto ikáw sa malayô nga mga báryo maayáoan ka sa paglakát. If you go to far villages you will get quite enough of walking.


áyap

Hiligaynon

Participation, share, portion; to participate, share in, have a share in, partake, get a share or part of. Kon buót ka magáyap sinâ--. If you like to get a share of that--. Paayápa akó siní. Let me have part of this. Ayápi akó siní. Get me-, provide me with-, a portion of this. Kon malúyag ka ipaáyap ko sa ímo iníng duhá ka baríta nga tinápay sang napúlò nga binakál ko. If you like I'll let you have these two bars of bread of the ten I bought. (see ámbit, ámò).


áyhan

Hiligaynon

Perhaps, may be, mayhap, possibly, by chance. Also used as a verb. Indì ka magayhán-áyhan, kay kon matúod, matúod. Don't say "perhaps, perhaps", for if it is true, it is true. (see dámlag, básì, kabáy).


ayô

Hiligaynon

Haggling, higgling, bargaining, beating down the price of; to haggle, higgle, bargain, beat or knock down the price, ask for less than charged. Baráto man lang iní; ngáa nga nagaayô pa gid ikáw? This is really cheap; why then do you still haggle? Ayoá sa íya iníng hénero, kay masiádo kamahál. Try to beat down his price for this cloth, for it is too dear. Ayoí siá sing bisán limá ka dakû lámang. Make him lower the price even if by only five centavos. Walâ sing ayô dirí sa ámon, kóndì ang tanán nga ámon balalígyà may bilí nga napát-ud. There is no haggling with us, for all we sell has a fixed price.


áyon

Hiligaynon

Towards, in the direction of, near, in the vicinity of. Diín áyon ang baláy mo, sa búkid áyon ukón sa báybay áyon? Where about is your house, near the mountains or near the sea? Tíndog ka dídto áyon. Stand over there. (see náyon, dámpit, dapít).


báak

Hiligaynon

To crush, squeeze out of shape, crumple, break by pressure, said especially of bamboo, tubes, pipes and the like. Nabáak ang kawáyan. The bamboo has been crushed. Iníng isá ka púnò nga kawáyan nabaákan sing madámù nga mga layón sang pagbágyo. Many full-grown bamboos of this clump were crushed and broken by the hurricane. Ipabáak lang sa alíling iníng kawáyan. Simply crush this bamboo under the wheel (by letting a cart pass over it, etc.). Dílì mo pagbaákon ang kawáyan. Don't crush the bamboo. (see lúmà).


bábà, bâbâ

Hiligaynon

Mouth. Mapísan siá sing bábà. She is a great chatterbox! Pamábà, pamâbâ-to talk much, tell stories, let out secrets. Indì ka magpamábà. Don't talk too much. Don't let out secrets. Sin-o ang namábà sinâ? Who told that, who blurted it out?


bádbad

Hiligaynon

To wind up, to put on a reel; to unravel, disentangle, solve, clear up. Badbará (-adá) ang bunáng. Wind the yarn on a reel. Ibádbad akó ánay siníng bunáng. Kindly wind up this yarn for me. Makabádbad ka siní? Can you solve this? Can you translate it or clear it up? Badbarí (-adí) sing diótay iníng isá ka labág nga bunáng. Unwind a small part of this hank of yarn. Put a small part of this hank of yarn on the reeling-machine.


bádlit

Hiligaynon

A line, stroke, sign or mark with a pencil, pen or the like; to line, sign, mark with a stroke of the pen, brush, etc. Badlitá or badlití ang papél sang ímo plúma. Mark the paper with a stroke of your pen. Ibádlit ang lápis sa káhoy. Mark the wood with the pencil. Iníng papél nabadlitán sing tátlo ka kúris. This paper has been marked with three strokes. Dílì mo pag-ipabádlit ang papél sa mga bátà. Don't permit the children to make lines on the paper. Indì mo siá pagpabadlitón sang papél. Do not allow him to make lines on the paper. Anhon mo kon amó inâ ang bádlit sang pálad mo? What can you do, if such is the streak in your fate? Ang íya mga kílay dáw binádlit sang isá ka tigduág. Her eyebrows are (were) like the strokes of a painter's brush. (see kúris, kúrit, kurít, kúdlit, etc.).


bagáng

Hiligaynon

To warm, to heat, make red-hot. Ginbagáng sang manugsálsal ang salsálon. The smith made the iron red-hot. Nabagáng na ang gánga. The roasting-pot is hot. Bagangá ánay ang gánga sa walâ pa ikáw magsánlag sang maís. Heat the roasting-pot first before you roast the corn. Ang gúgma nagabagáng sang íya tagiposóon. Love warms his heart. Ibagáng akó ánay sing isá ka nahót nga salsálon. Kindly make a piece of iron red-hot for me. Bagangí akó sing gánga, kay magasánlag akó sing maís. Heat a roasting-pot for me, for I am going to roast some corn. Ginabagáng siá. He is getting hot, i.e. he has fever, as a forerunner of some serious disease like smallpox, measles, etc.


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