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amáno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. a mano) Quits, square, paid in full, given into the hand; to settle, square, pay in full. Amáno na kitá. We are now square. Nakaamáno na akó. I have settled my debt. Naamanóhan ko na ikáw. I have now paid you in full. Iamáno ko karón sa ímo iníng duhá ka mángmang. I am now paying you the last two pesos of my debt. (see kábis, ímpas, túmbas).



amáy

Hiligaynon

(H) Father; to call one father. Amáy ko siá. He is my father. Ang "Amáy", ang "Anák" kag ang "Espíritu Sánto" amó ang tátlo ka Persónas nga diósnon. Father, Son and Holy Ghost, these are the three divine Persons. Ang "Amáy námon". The "Our Father". Amayá siá. Call him father. Ginamáy níya akó. He called me father. Ginapakaamáy níya akó. He treats me as if I were his father. (see tátay, tay, papá, pa).


ámbit

Hiligaynon

Participation, share, part; to participate, have a part or share in. Húo, magaámbit gid akó sinâ nga bínhì. Yes, I shall certainly get a share of that seed-grain. Paambitá akó sinâ nga bínhì. Let me have a share of that seed-grain. Húo, kon malúyag ka, ipaámbit ko sa ímo ang isá ka pásong sináng bínhì. Yes, if you wish, I'll let you have a bushel of that seed-grain. Ang tanán nga mga táo malúyag magámbit (maghiámbit, magpanghiámbit) sang lángit. All men wish to get a place in heaven-or-to participate in the joys of heaven. Naambitán ko man ang maáyo níla nga kapaláran. I also participated in their good luck. Paambití sa íya iníng mga páhò. Let him have a share of these mangoes, (see áyap, ámò, báhin, lábut).


ami

Hiligaynon

Second harvest, secondary harvest, harvest after the main or principal harvest. The "ami" usually falls between the months of December and March, seldom later, the main crop within the months of April and December. Also: To plant a second crop, etc. May amí kamó?-Hóo, ang naányan námon ginamihán námon. Have you got a second crop?-Yes, where we harvested our rice there we planted a second crop (of corn, beans, etc.). Iamí ko iníng maís. I am going to plant this corn as a second crop. Mangamí kamó?-Hóo, kon magulán mangamí kamí. Will you plant a second crop?-Yes, if it rains, we will.


amíg

Hiligaynon

Chum, pal, friend, shortened from amígo and used very familiarly and often also ironically or sarcastically. Si amíg ko Ipíng. My friend Philip. Ihátag mo iní sa kay amíg Tibóy. Give this to our friend Toribio. Nahisáyran na ni amíg Lúis nga-. Our good friend Luis (our opponent or adversary) is most likely aware of the fact that-(see atíd, akíd, idól, ábyan, amígo).


amígo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. amígo) A male friend; to be (male) friends. Maáyo ang íla pagamigoháy. They are good friends. Nagpakigamígo siá kúntà sa ákon, ápang-He would have liked to become my friend, but-. Amigóhon ko siá. I'll make him my friend. Mahírup ko siá nga amígo. He is an intimate friend of mine. (see amíg).


ámò

Hiligaynon

(B) To be-, get-, procure-, share in-, the same kind of a thing. Amóon ko iníng mga ságing, kay úyon ko. I will get the same bananas, for I like them. I will get a share of these bananas, for I like them. Amói akó siníng mga sáhà. Let me have some of these banana suckers. Ipaámò ko sa ímo ang isá ka pásong siníng bínhì. I'll let you have a bushel of this seed-grain. Paamói or paamóa akó sináng mga páhò. Get me some of those mangoes (through somebody else).


amoláw

Hiligaynon

(B) To keep vigil, watch, keep or remain awake, to watch over or by. Nagamoláw silá sa masakít or ginamolawán níla ang masakít. They watched by the sick person during the night. Iamoláw akó ánay siníng masakít nga bátà. Please watch over this sick child for me. Ipaamoláw ko ikáw sa íya. I'll let you watch by him during the night (see puláw, alígmat).


amóma

Hiligaynon

A present or gift of food and drink, hospitable entertainment, a treat; to entertain, regale, treat, give food and drink to, etc. Iamóma ko sa íya iníng mga ságing. I'll give him these bananas as a present. Amomáha siá sing maáyo. Treat him well. Nagamóma silá sa ámon sing dagáyà nga kalan-ónon. They treated us to plenty of delicate viands. Ihátag mo sa íya iníng duhá ka búlig nga ságing nga tigáylo sang kárne nga inamóma níya sa ákon. Give him these two bunches of bananas in return for the meat he gave me. Maálwan siá sing kamót sa pagpangamóma sa mga nagadúaw sa íya. He is open-handed in his treatment of visitors. (see aláw).


amoyóng

Hiligaynon

(B) To stay, live, take up one's abode. Nagaamoyóng silá sa umá. They are living at their farm. Ipaamoyóng ko ang ákon masakít nga bátà sa ínyo baláy sa umá, agúd magáyo ang íya balatían. I'll let my sick child stay with you at the farm, in order that it may recover from its sickness. Ang ámon baláy amô ang naamoyongán sang pilasón. Our house it was in which the wounded man took up his abode. Paamoyongá iníng makaloló-oy nga babáe sa ímo baláy. Allow this poor woman to stay at your house. (see lúntad, puyô).


ámpag

Hiligaynon

A prominent place, a foremost, reserved or special seat; to choose a prominent seat, to sit in the front row, take a top seat; to show off, give oneself airs. Paámpag is mostly used. Dirâ silá sa ámpag. They are there in the front row. Indì ka magpaámpag. Don't take a top seat. Don't sit in the front row. Don't show off or be ostentatious. Nagapaámpag gid siá. She is carrying herself proudly or showing off. Dílì mo pag-ipaámpag yanáng mga táo. Do not place those men in the front row. Hándà na ang síya nga igapaámpag ko sa Senyór Obispo. The chair is now ready which I will place in a prominent position for His Excellence.


ampáyo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. amparar) Help, assistance; to help, assist, lend a hand. Ampayóhi siá sa íya mga buluhatón. Help him in his work. Iníng káro páti karabáw iampáyo ko sa íya sa paghákot sing bató. I will assist him to carry stones with this cart and buffalo. Paampayóha sa íya ang ímo sologoón. Let your servant help him or lend him a hand. (see búlig).


ampílò

Hiligaynon

A coarse saddle-cloth, saddle-pad, often only an old sack or blanket used instead of a saddle by farmers riding on buffaloes, cows or horses; to use such a saddle-cloth. Nagaampílò siá sing sáko. He is using a sack as a saddle-cloth. Ampilói ang báka. Put a saddle-ploth on the back of the cow. Paampilói ang karabáw. Order someone to put a saddle-cloth on the buffalo. Iníng dáan nga hábul iampílò ko sa kabáyo. I will make use of this old blanket as a saddle-cloth for the horse. (see síya).


ámpin

Hiligaynon

Favour, sympathy, support, help, partnership; supporter, sympathizer, helper; to take sides with, to help or support. Walâ siá sing ámpin. He has no-one to support him, or he has no-one to back him up. Kon walâ ka sing ámpin índì ka makadaúg. If you have no help you cannot win. Iníng pányo ilámpin ko sa bátà nga bílang iámpin sa hángin. I'll wrap the child up in this cloth as a protection against the wind. Ampiní siá. Support him. Back him up. Itípyok ko ang tanán ko nga mga ginsakúpan nga ipaámpin ko sa ímo. I will hand over all my followers to your support. Sín-o ang nagámpin sa íya? Who gave him a backing? (see ápin).


ámpis

Hiligaynon

(B) A Philippine woman's skirt; to use or wear such a skirt. Nagaámpis siá sing pulá. She wears a red skirt. Ampisí siá. Put a skirt on her. Paampisí siá. Make somebody put a skirt on her or provide her with a skirt. Ampisón ko lang iníng hábul. I'll make a skirt of this blanket, I'll make this blanket serve as a skirt. Iámpis mo ang ámpis. Put on your skirt. Indì ka na magbistído, kóndì magámpis ka gid. Don't wear a short dress any more, but put on a skirt. (see patádyong, tápis).


ámpò

Hiligaynon

Prayer, petition, request, to pray, beseech, ask, beg, petition, request. Nagaámpò akó, or ginaámpò ko nga-. I pray, that-. Iámpò mo akó sa Diós. Please, pray to God for me. Ginaampoán ko ikáw ánay siníng duhá ka mángmang nga ákon útang túbtub nga makítà ko ang ikabáyad sa ímo. I beg of you to wait a little with regard to those two pesos I owe you till I find the money to pay you with. Ampò ka sa hukóm, básì kalo-óyan ikáw níya. Petition the judge, may be he will have compassion with you. Mangámpò akó. I surrender; I give in; I ask for mercy. (An expression often used by one beaten at wrestling, boxing or the like). Ginámpò ko sa íya inâ, ápang walâ níya pag-ihátag sa ákon. I asked him for it, but he did not give it to me. (see pangáyò, pangamúyò, pakilóoy, ahâ, etc.; magalámpò-intercessor, patron).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


ánad

Hiligaynon

To practise, exercise, accustom to, train, break in, perform regularly or habitually. Anára ang batásan mo nga dílì ka na magpamuyáyaw. Try to get the habit of not using profane language-or-acquire the habit of not cursing and swearing. Naánad na akó dirí siníng lugár. I am now accustomed to this place. Indì akó maánad siníng lugár. I cannot accustom myself to this place. Naanáran-or-naándan ko na iníng lugár. I am now familiar with-, accustomed to-, this place. Ipaánad ko sa ímo iníng karabáw nga simarón. I'll hand this wild buffalo over to you to be trained or tamed. Magpaánad ka siní nga trabáho. Try to exercise-, practise-, accustom yourself to-, this kind of work (see hánas, ságad, batíd).


anák

Hiligaynon

Child, son, daughter; godson, goddaughter; to give birth to, to bear a child, to be delivered of a child, to bring forth; to be godfather or godmother to a child at baptism or confirmation. Naganák siá sing isá ka laláki. She gave birth to a male-child, she was delivered of a boy. Iníng bátà ginanák ni Fulána. This child was born of N.N.-or-N.N. was godmother to this child. Buót ko ipaanák sa ímo iníng bátà. I should like you to be godfather (godmother) to this child. Manganák siá sa Sábado. He will be godfather on Saturday. Anka (ángka) iníng bátà. Be godfather (godmother) to this baby. Ang íla mga inanák. Their children or offspring. Anák-or-inanák siá sang isá ka panimaláy nga lutáw. He was of noble family, of good family. (see bátà, alángkon).


ándam

Hiligaynon

Caution, wariness, carefulness, prudence, circumspection; to be cautious, to beware, to be careful, wary, circumspect. Andamá ang pagkapút sang báso, agúd índì makapalús sa kamót mo. Grasp the glass carefully, lest it should slip out of your hand. Andamí iníng báso. Handle this glass with care. Paandamí sa íla iníng karabáw, kay palasúngay. Let them beware of this buffalo, for it tosses. Iándam akó ánay siníng báso. Kindly take care of this glass for me. Inandamán níla gid ang síngsing, agúd índì madúlà. They were very careful with the ring, lest it should be lost. Ipaándam ko sa ímo iníng taknáan. I entrust this watch to your care. Andam ka! Beware! Be on your guard! Look out! (see anám-anám, tagám).


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