Search result(s) - mál-am

ami

Hiligaynon

Second harvest, secondary harvest, harvest after the main or principal harvest. The "ami" usually falls between the months of December and March, seldom later, the main crop within the months of April and December. Also: To plant a second crop, etc. May amí kamó?-Hóo, ang naányan námon ginamihán námon. Have you got a second crop?-Yes, where we harvested our rice there we planted a second crop (of corn, beans, etc.). Iamí ko iníng maís. I am going to plant this corn as a second crop. Mangamí kamó?-Hóo, kon magulán mangamí kamí. Will you plant a second crop?-Yes, if it rains, we will.



ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


ánad

Hiligaynon

To practise, exercise, accustom to, train, break in, perform regularly or habitually. Anára ang batásan mo nga dílì ka na magpamuyáyaw. Try to get the habit of not using profane language-or-acquire the habit of not cursing and swearing. Naánad na akó dirí siníng lugár. I am now accustomed to this place. Indì akó maánad siníng lugár. I cannot accustom myself to this place. Naanáran-or-naándan ko na iníng lugár. I am now familiar with-, accustomed to-, this place. Ipaánad ko sa ímo iníng karabáw nga simarón. I'll hand this wild buffalo over to you to be trained or tamed. Magpaánad ka siní nga trabáho. Try to exercise-, practise-, accustom yourself to-, this kind of work (see hánas, ságad, batíd).


angán

Hiligaynon

(B) To wait for, to expect. Anganá akó sing diótay nga hóras. Wait for me a little while. Iníng kán-on iangán ko sa kay tátay. This cooked rice I am keeping in expectation of father's coming. Nagaalipasá akó sa pagpaúlì, kay ginaangán akó níla sa pagpanyága. I am in a hurry to get home, for they are waiting for me to come to dinner-or-are waiting dinner for me. (see hulát).


ángkat

Hiligaynon

(B) Buying on credit,-on account,-on tick; to obtain on credit, to buy on account. Angkatí akó sing duhá ka metros nga kóko. Get me on credit two meters of white cloth. Angkatá lang inâ. Just buy it on credit. Ipaángkat sa ákon iníng bunáng. Let me have this yarn on credit. Angkatí man akó siníng sapátos, kay hulatón ko man ikáw sa pagbáyad túbtub sa lapás ang piésta. Take also these boots from me on credit, for I am willing to wait for your payment till after the feast. Paangkatá lang akó sinâ. Simply give me that on credit. (see the foregoing "ángkat"; the connection between the two is obvious. They are really the same term, whose first meaning is "to get loose seams, etc." and whose secondary meaning is "to get loose merchandise, etc." i.e. "to get or obtain on credit").


aníng

Hiligaynon

(B) An exclamation of joy, wonder or surprise. Aníng, nagabút ka galî! So you have really come. What a surprise! Kay sin-o ináng baláy nga tísà?-Kay Fuláno.-Aníng! Whom does that brick-house belong to?-It belongs to N.N-Is that so? I am astonished to hear it. (see abáw, abá, kananáks).


áo

Hiligaynon

(aw), An exclamation denoting surprise, used by people who have forgotten some important incidents in a story, etc. and then, when somebody else jogs their memory, suddenly recollect the whole. Almost involuntarily they will then say: Aw! Ah, yes! Oh, now I remember! Ah, sure, now I recollect it all! Aw, gái ko man galî. Ah, if that is so, I am also for it. I was under a wrong impression; I now change my opinion.


apínas

Hiligaynon

(Sp. apenas) Trying, difficult; scarce; to be trying, etc. Apínas ang pangabúhì karón. Life at present is trying. Apínas ang kwárta. Money is scarce. Naapinásan akó gid sang kwárta sa karón nga túig. This year I am in great difficulties for lack of money. (see lapígot, íwat, kúlì, lisúd, hínà).


ári

Hiligaynon

(H) Here, here is. Ari akó. Here I am. Ari siá dirí. He is here. (see yári, rúgya, doón, dínhi).


arísgal

Hiligaynon

(Sp. arriesgar) In the Visayan language this term has almost completely lost its original meaning "to risk, dare, venture" and now commonly signifies: to gain, make a profit, derive a pecuniary advantage from various enterprises, to make a bargain, buy, purchase. Nakaarísgal akó sa ákon punút sing isá ka gatús ka mángmang. I had a clear profit of one hundred pesos from my fish-trap. Mangarísgal akó. I am looking out for money, for something to yield me a profit. Arisgalí akó sing kálò. Get me a hat. Buy me a hat (at a bargain). (see patikáng, pangítà).


arukahík

Hiligaynon

(B) To volunteer, to do something-of one's own free will,-of one's own accord, to move, stir, work without being told or without waiting for orders. Nagarukahík siá sa pagtígang, bisán walâ pa magabút si nánay níya. She boiled rice without waiting for the arrival of her mother. Akó lang nga isá ang nagaarukahík sa baláy, kay tanán silá nagamalasakít. I alone am up and working in the house, for all the rest are ill. (see matómató).


áslum

Hiligaynon

Sourness, bitterness, sharpness, tartness, acidity; to be or become sour, to sour, make sour. Nagáslum ang bíno. The wine has gone sour. Iníng búnga walâ gid sing áslum. This fruit has no tartness at all. Aslumí ang manók, ápang dílì mo pagaslumón. Mix something sour with the chicken, but do not make it quite sharp. Pagapaaslumón ko gid iníng diótay nga tubâ, kay buháton ko nga lebadúra. I will let this little palm-wine get sour, for I am going to make yeast of it. Iníng isá ka kutsára nga lánggaw iáslum ko sa ísdà. I will season the fish with this spoonful of vinegar.


ásoy

Hiligaynon

Explanation, clear statement; to explain, expound, make clear, relate distinctly. Asóya inâ sing maáyo. Explain that well. Asóyi akó siní. Explain this to me. Iásoy ko sa ímo ang nahanabô. I am going to relate to you what happened. Kon ikáw índì makasáyod siní, saráng ko ikaásoy sa ímo. If you don't understand it, I can explain it to you. (see sáysay).


atubangón

Hiligaynon

That will appear or happen soon, the near future. Karón sa atubangón magapatíndog akó sing bág-o nga baláy. I am about to erect a new house.


áway

Hiligaynon

Fight, battle, struggle, conflict, fray, strife, contention, tussle, scuffle, scrimmage, encounter, fighting, quarrelling, war, combat; to fight, quarrel, come to blows, go to war, etc. Nagaáway silá. They are fighting or quarrelling. Nagakaáway silá. They are enemies. Dílì kamó mag-ináway or mag-ilináway. Don't fight or quarrel amongst yourselves. Anó ang ginawáyan nínyo kahápon sang hápon? What were you quarrelling about yesterday evening? Awáyon ko gid siá. I am certainly going to fight him. Tápus na ang dakû nga áway sa Orópa. The great war in Europe is finished. (see kaáway, kaawáyan, kaawayón, mangangawáy, ális, árnis, bagâ, bángig, banggiánay, etc.).


ayón

Hiligaynon

The principal hand, the hand one works with most; one's strong point. Anó ang ayón mo? Toó lang?-Toó kag walá. What is your principal hand? Are you only right handed?-I am both right-and left-handed. Ayón níla ang búrà. Gossip is their strong point.


baáng-báang

Hiligaynon

(B) To warm up, get warm by taking a hot drink, food, etc. Baáng-baángi ang ímo solóksolók sing diótay nga kán-on sa walâ pa ikáw magsúgud sang pagpangabúdlay. Warm your stomach with a little rice, before you start your work. Mainúm akó sing maínit nga tsa sa pagbaángbáang sang ákon solóksolók. I am going to drink hot tea to warm my stomach. Imna iníng bíno, kay magapabaángbáang sang ímo solóksolók. Drink this wine, for it will warm you up. (see bagáng).


bádang

Hiligaynon

To practise, inure, train, accustom to, make used to. Nabádang na siá sa pagtabakô, pag-inúm sing bíno, paghámbal sing ininglés, etc. He is now accustomed to smoke, to drink wine, to speak English, etc. Nabadángan ko na iníng lugár, iníng mga buluhatón, etc. I am now used to this place, to this kind of work, etc. Ipabádang mo siá sa pagsáut sa kay Fulána. Let her learn to dance under N.N.'s instruction. Nagsutíl ang bátà, kay walâ sing nabadángan ang pagkastígo sang íya ilóy. The child turned out badly, because her mother had no method in punishing her. (see ánad, hánas).


bagáng

Hiligaynon

To warm, to heat, make red-hot. Ginbagáng sang manugsálsal ang salsálon. The smith made the iron red-hot. Nabagáng na ang gánga. The roasting-pot is hot. Bagangá ánay ang gánga sa walâ pa ikáw magsánlag sang maís. Heat the roasting-pot first before you roast the corn. Ang gúgma nagabagáng sang íya tagiposóon. Love warms his heart. Ibagáng akó ánay sing isá ka nahót nga salsálon. Kindly make a piece of iron red-hot for me. Bagangí akó sing gánga, kay magasánlag akó sing maís. Heat a roasting-pot for me, for I am going to roast some corn. Ginabagáng siá. He is getting hot, i.e. he has fever, as a forerunner of some serious disease like smallpox, measles, etc.


bahô-sálong

Hiligaynon

Literally: The odour or smell of pitch. Often used figuratively in the meaning of: relation, connection or influence. Walâ gid akó bisán bahô-sálong sa íya. I am not at all related to him. I am not even a connection of his.


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