Search result(s) - mabug-at

mabúg-at

Hiligaynon

Heavy, hefty, ponderous, of great weight, weighty, back-breaking, onerous, burdensome, grave, serious. (see búg-at).



ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alantúson

Hiligaynon

(H) Bearable, tolerable, supportable; to be suffered, tolerated, borne with. Dáw sa dílì na alantúson inâ. That is scarcely to be tolerated any longer. Ang íya balatían makúlì nga búlngon, ápang alantúson, kay dílì gid man mabúg-at ang íya pagbátì. His disease is difficult to cure, but it is bearable, for he is really not seriously affected. (see ántus, balatasón, palas-ánon).


bálbag

Hiligaynon

To shatter, splinter, crush, fracture, break an arm,-bone,-bamboo, or the like. Balbagá ang kawáyan. Crush the bamboo. Nabálbag ang túl-an sang batíis níya, kay naágyan sang ruéda sang isá ka mabúg-at nga káro. His shin-bone was shattered, for the wheel of a heavy wagon passed over it. Ginbálbag sang mga soldádo nga románhon ang mga túl-an sang duhá ka makáwat. The Roman soldiers broke the bones of the two thieves.


bátì

Hiligaynon

To feel, have sensation, suffer. Mabúg-at kaáyo ang íya nga pagbátì. He is very seriously ill or suffers much. Anó ang ginabátì mo? What do you feel? What is ailing you? Ginbátì ko ang kasakít sa dúghan ko. I felt a pain in the chest. (see bátiag, bátyag).


darába

Hiligaynon

Uneasiness, anxiety, worry; to be or become uneasy, etc. Hinúgay sang darába, kay índì man mabúg-at ang pagbátì sang ímo anák. Do not worry, for your son is not seriously ill. (see dalamúnon).


dát-ol

Hiligaynon

See dát-og. Nadat-olán siá sing mabúg-at nga káhoy. A heavy piece of timber-fell upon him,-pressed him down,-crushed him.


gahús

Hiligaynon

(B) To undertake, deal with, be able to, have capacity for, be capable or competent, tackle, master, accomplish, overcome, outdo, manage. Makagahús ka balá siníng bató nga halakwáton?-Húo, saráng ko magahús iní. Can you tackle this stone that is to be lifted?-Yes, I can tackle it. Kon walâ akó sing búlig índì ko magahús ang tanán nga mga buluhatón sa sulúd sang baláy. Without help I am unable to perform all the house-work. Gahusá lang ang ímo trabáho. Do your best to get your work done (without outside help) Nagahús níya galî ang paghákwat sang mabúg-at nga halígi. After all he was able to lift the heavy post. Naghunâhúnà siá nga íya magahús si Fuláno sa dúmug, ápang nagsayúp siá. He thought he could beat N.N. at wrestling, but he was mistaken. Dugángi ang mga mamumugón, agúd makagahús silá sa pagpatíndog sang táytay sa sulúd sang isá ka simána. Increase the number of workmen, so that they may be able to set up the bridge within a week (see agám, gakám, gakóm, ákò, saráng).


gíhit

Hiligaynon

To move, remove, budge, change the place of, shift to another position, transfer, shift, push or pull along the ground without lifting or carrying the object. Gihíta ang síya. Shift the chair. Bulígi akó sa paggíhit siníng mabúg-at nga tulungtúngan. Help me to move this heavy table to another position. Kon magsílhig kamó sang hulút, gihíti sang lamésa iníng lugár. When you sweep the room, shift the table to this place. Igíhit akó ánay siníng mga síya, kay may bisíta nga maabút. Kindly arrange this chairs in another position, because visitors are coming. Gihíti akó siníng síya. Move this chair for me. (i.e. move it towards me or away from me according to circumstances). (see pasáylo).


gímik

Hiligaynon

Fold, bend, crease; to crease by folding or doubling, etc. Nagímik ang ákon maléta, kay tinungtungán níla sing mabúg-at nga kárga. My suitcase was quite crushed, for they had put heavy baggage on top of it. Indì mo paggimíkon ang bakág ko. Don't bend my basket out of shape. Gimíki ang amákan sa púsud. Fold and crease the bamboo-mat in the corner. Sín-o ang naggímik sang sin? Who bent the sheets of galvanized iron? (see gípik, gápì, bálì).


grábe

Hiligaynon

(Sp. grave) Grave, serious, dangerous, mortal, fatal, deadly, critical. Ang masakít grábe na. The sick person-is now seriously ill,-is in danger of death. (see sugúng, mabúg-at, tagumatáyon).


laláng

Hiligaynon

Contrivance, means, machination, design, scheme, plot; to contrive, bring about, find means of doing something, etc. Sa laláng sang--. Through the work or power or influence of--. Makalaláng ka sa paghákwat siníng mabúg-at nga bató? Can you contrive or find a way to lift this heavy stone? Lalangí ang pagbukás sang ganháan, kay nadúlà ang lyábi. Open the door by some other means, for the key is lost. (see raráng, pahítò, patúga, padihótan, etc.).


lúbiok

Hiligaynon

To move up and down, swing up and down, sag, yield, be resilient, bend, applied to a carrier's pole and the burden he carries, etc. Nagalúbiok ang íya tuangtuangán, kay mabúg-at ang íya kárga. His carrier's pole is bending, for his load is heavy. Palubioká ang ímo tuangtuangán, kay daw mamág-an ang dalá mo kon maglúbiok. Make your pole resilient, for the load seems lighter if it is yielding. Indì kamó magpúngkò nga madámò dirâ kay nagalúbiok ang bánkò. Don't so many of you sit down there, where the bench is yielding or sagging.


lúlan

Hiligaynon

Burden, load; to burden with, load. Ginlulánan níya ang kángga sing mabúg-at nga lúlan. He put a heavy load on the cart. May inoglúlan ikáw? Have you any goods to be loaded? (see dalá, lúkdo).


mamág-an

Hiligaynon

Light, airy, easy to bear or carry, not heavy or weighty. Mamág-an ang íya lúlan, pagbátyag, panghunâhúnà, etc. His burden is light, he is much better or feels only a slight pain, his mind is at ease, etc. (see mág-an, mabúg-at-heavy).


matágbong

Hiligaynon

Sinking down, falling to the bottom, descending; weighty, ponderous, heavy (of weight); grave, serious, tactful (of speech). (see tágbong, mabúg-at, malígdong, maúgdang).


nga

Hiligaynon

A conjunctive particle used in various ways:

a.) to connect adjectives and nouns, nouns and nouns, etc., e.g. mabúg-at nga lúlan. A heavy load. Sa manábaw nga subâ. In the shallow river. Baláy nga bató. A stone building. Isá ka kúlon nga kán-on. A kettle full of rice. Mga ságing nga tinanók. Boiled bananas. Ang mga nagahuníhúni nga sirúmsirúm. The chirping crickets. Isá ka lubí nga binukâ. A split coconut.

b.) to connect ideas or sentences, equivalent to: that, in order that, if. Nakadumdúm akó nga--. I thought that--. Ang labíng maáyo nga magkádto ka dídto sa súbung siní. It would be best, if you went there at once. Indì mo pagkalímtan nga buás masúgud kitá magarádo. Don't forget that tomorrow we begin ploughing.

c.) as relative pronoun. Ang táo nga naglubás kaína amó ang ákon tíyò. The man who passed a while ago is my uncle. Amó iní ang bátà nga mahúmok gid sing úlo. This is the boy who has a very bright under-standing. Diín na ang tigíb nga gingámit ko kahápon? Where is the chisel I used yesterday?

d.) as an introduction to an exclamation. Nga pagkalisúd sang pangabúhì karón! Oh, how difficult living conditions are! Nga pagkabungúl siníng bátà! Oh, the stubbornness (obstinacy) of this boy! How stubborn this boy is!


památì

Hiligaynon

Freq. of bátì-to feel. Feeling, physical condition. Dílì maáyo ang pagpamátì (památì) níya. He does not feel well. Mabúg-at kaáyo ang památì (pagbátì) níya. His condition is quite serious, very grave.


pás-an

Hiligaynon

To carry-, bear-, on the shoulders, to shoulder, undergo. Pas-aná lang iníng kawáyan. Carry this bamboo on your shoulder. Papas-aná (Papas-aní) ang bátà sing káhoy. Let the boy carry some wood on his shoulders. Si Hesús nagpás-an sang mabúg-at nga krus. Jesus bore (carried) the heavy cross. (see dalá, pangabága, ántus, batás).


púsdak

Hiligaynon

To throw down or drop with some force, push with impetus (boxes, parcels, loads carried on the shoulder, etc.); to ram, drive or strike against something with force. Indì mo pagipúsdak ang kahón, kóndì pahigdaón (pabutángon, pabatángon) mo sing mahínay. Don't drop the box, but put it down gently. Indì nínyo pagpusdakán ang salúg sináng mga sáko nga may sulúd nga bugás, kay básì mabálì ang síntas. Don't fling the sacks of rice down on the floor, for-the floor-beams might break,-you might break the floor-beams. Nagubâ ang baúl, kay pinusdakán níya siníng mabúg-at nga káhoy. The trunk was crushed, for he threw this heavy piece of wood on it.


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