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himútad

Hiligaynon

To look at narrowly, scrutinize, inspect carefully, examine thoroughly by ocular inspection. Himutádi (-ári) sing maáyo ang mga tigbató, kon ikáw ang nagabása. Look well at the letters, if you are the reader (or when you read). Maghimútad ka sang sulát. Examine the letter carefully. Ihimútad mo akó ánay sang pilás sang karabáw, kay básì may úlud sa sulúd. Please inspect carefully the buffalo's wound, for maybe there are worms inside. Ginhimutádan níya sing madúgay ang laráwan sang íya nga ilóy. He looked attentively for a long time at the picture of his mother. Nakasayóp ka sa pagtokár, kay walâ mo paghimutádi ang mga nóta. You made a mistake in playing, because you did not look carefully at the notes. (see mulálong, tán-aw, túluk).



hinakít

Hiligaynon

To feel pain, uneasiness or mortification at the sight of another's well-being or success, envy, spite, begrudge, be sore on account of, harbour a grudge or ill-will, be pained at. Nagahinakít siá sa ákon. He envies me. Ginahinakitán áko níya, kay maáyo ang ákon pinatubás kag makúl-aw ang íya. He harbours ill-will against me, because I had a good harvest and he a poor one. Indì ka maghinakít sang mga kaayóhan sang ibán. Don't envy the good things of others-or-Don't be vexed at the sight of the prosperity of others. (see sakít, hingabút).


i

Hiligaynon

A prefix used:-

1.) in forming all the passive tenses of many verbs having a passive in "i". Many verbs indicating an action that removes something from the agent belong to this class, as: to sell, send, throw, pay, give, hand over to (balígyà, padalá, pilák, báyad, hátag, túnghol), etc. In the forms with gina-and gin-the "i-" is either prefixed or (now commonly) left out entirely, whilst in the forms with paga-and pag-the "i-" comes between the root and paga-or pag-, e.g. hátag-to give. Iginahátag (ginahátag) níya iní sa ákon. He is giving me this. Iginhátag (ginhátag) níya iní sa ákon. He gave me this. Pagaihátag gid níya iní sa ákon. He will surely give me this. Walâ níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He did not give me this. Indì níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He will not give me this. Ihátag iní sa ákon. Give me this, etc.

2.) in expressing the idea of-the means by which-,-the instrument with which-, a thing is done, e.g. búhat-to make. Ibúhat iníng káhoy sang ákon baláy. Make use of this wood for building my house. Bakál-To buy. Iníng tátlo ka mángmang ibakál mo sing bág-o nga kálò. Buy a new hat with these three pesos, etc.

3.) in expressing a polite request, e.g. Ipalíhog mo akó ihátag sang ákon katahurán sa kay Fuláno. Do me the favour of paying my respects to N.N. (see ig-, iga-, ika-, inog-).

-i, A suffix used in the passive impersonal imperative, in the passive negative present, and in the passive negatived past of verbs having a passive in-an, e.g. patíndog-to set up, build. Patindogí (walâ níya pagapatindogí, walâ níya pagpatindogí) sing baláy iníng lugár. Build (he is not building, has not built) a house on this pot.


i

Hiligaynon

A prefix used:-

1.) in forming all the passive tenses of many verbs having a passive in "i". Many verbs indicating an action that removes something from the agent belong to this class, as: to sell, send, throw, pay, give, hand over to (balígyà, padalá, pilák, báyad, hátag, túnghol), etc. In the forms with gina-and gin-the "i-" is either prefixed or (now commonly) left out entirely, whilst in the forms with paga-and pag-the "i-" comes between the root and paga-or pag-, e.g. hátag-to give. Iginahátag (ginahátag) níya iní sa ákon. He is giving me this. Iginhátag (ginhátag) níya iní sa ákon. He gave me this. Pagaihátag gid níya iní sa ákon. He will surely give me this. Walâ níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He did not give me this. Indì níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He will not give me this. Ihátag iní sa ákon. Give me this, etc.

2.) in expressing the idea of-the means by which-,-the instrument with which-, a thing is done, e.g. búhat-to make. Ibúhat iníng káhoy sang ákon baláy. Make use of this wood for building my house. Bakál-To buy. Iníng tátlo ka mángmang ibakál mo sing bág-o nga kálò. Buy a new hat with these three pesos, etc.

3.) in expressing a polite request, e.g. Ipalíhog mo akó ihátag sang ákon katahurán sa kay Fuláno. Do me the favour of paying my respects to N.N. (see ig-, iga-, ika-, inog-).

-i, A suffix used in the passive impersonal imperative, in the passive negative present, and in the passive negatived past of verbs having a passive in-an, e.g. patíndog-to set up, build. Patindogí (walâ níya pagapatindogí, walâ níya pagpatindogí) sing baláy iníng lugár. Build (he is not building, has not built) a house on this pot.


ísug

Hiligaynon

Bravery, valour, courage, nerve, grit, hardihood, fortitude, prowess, boldness, daring, intrepidity, doughtiness, fierceness, violence; to be brave, courageous, doughty, plucky, manly, firm, strict, valiant, fierce, unyielding. Nagísug siá sa pagbátok sa íya. He was brave enough to resist him. Akó lang ang naísgan mo, kay akó man lang daúg mo sa dúmug. You dared to fight me, because I am the only one you can vanquish in wrestling. Isúgi siá. Brave him. Dare him. Stand up to him. Ginpaísug níya ang idô sa paglagás sang talunón. He trained the dog to be brave in pursuing wild pigs. Paisúga siá sa pakigáway. Urge him on to fight. Stir him up for a fight. (see bákud, tútum, pág-on).


ísug

Hiligaynon

Bravery, valour, courage, nerve, grit, hardihood, fortitude, prowess, boldness, daring, intrepidity, doughtiness, fierceness, violence; to be brave, courageous, doughty, plucky, manly, firm, strict, valiant, fierce, unyielding. Nagísug siá sa pagbátok sa íya. He was brave enough to resist him. Akó lang ang naísgan mo, kay akó man lang daúg mo sa dúmug. You dared to fight me, because I am the only one you can vanquish in wrestling. Isúgi siá. Brave him. Dare him. Stand up to him. Ginpaísug níya ang idô sa paglagás sang talunón. He trained the dog to be brave in pursuing wild pigs. Paisúga siá sa pakigáway. Urge him on to fight. Stir him up for a fight. (see bákud, tútum, pág-on).


kabáng-aw

Hiligaynon

See kabang-awán.


kabang-awán

Hiligaynon

Rottenness, insipidness, staleness; failure, fiasco, defeat. (see báng-aw).


kám-aw

Hiligaynon

A large, thick bowl as used in Philippine households.


kapág-on

Hiligaynon

Firmness, security, durability, stability, state of not being shaken easily. (see pág-on).


kapúng-aw

Hiligaynon

Isolation, loneliness, solitariness, desolation, dreariness, dejectedness. (see púng-aw, kamíngaw, kasím-ong).


kasínaw

Hiligaynon

Limpidness, limpidity, pellucidity, clearness, transparency, translucence, translucency especially of liquids. (sínaw; see katín-aw).


katín-aw

Hiligaynon

(H) Limpidness, limpidity, perlucidness, lucidity, pellucidity, clearness, transparency. (tín-aw; see kasínaw).


kítà

Hiligaynon

To see, behold, discern, perceive, descry, sight, make out, discover, distinguish, spy, espy, set one's eyes upon; to meet, find. Nakakítà ka na sa íya? Did you see or meet him? Hóo, nakakitaáy na kamí. Yes, we met or saw each other. Ang alipokpokán sang búkid índì makítà kay natabúnan sang gál-um. The top of the mountain cannot be seen, because it is covered by the cloud. Nakítà-or-nakít-an ko siá dídto. I saw him there. Dílì na siá makakítà sa pagbása. He can no longer see to read. Ang íya nga balatían daw sa índì na makitáan sing bulúng. It will be almost impossible to find a remedy for his disease-or-his sickness is, I think, past cure. Diín mo inâ makíta?-Kinítà ko inâ sa dálan. Where did you see or find it?-I found it there on the road. Ang nagapangítà makakítà. He who seeks shall find. Sa yanáng bakólod kitáon mo túbtub ang simbáhan sa Ogtón. From that hill yonder you can even see the church of Oton. (see tán-aw, túluk-to see, inspect, look at).


kúl-aw

Hiligaynon

Bad, poor, unsatisfactory, not up to the standard or reasonable expectations; to be or become bad, etc., chiefly applied to crops. Kúl-aw ang pinatubás ko sa siníng túig. I had a poor harvest this year. Nagkúl-aw iníng humáy. The rice turned out poorly, yielding e.g. less than half a ganta of "bugás" for every ganta of unhulled rice.


lán-aw

Hiligaynon

Fluid, liquid; to liquidify, be or become-watery,-fluid.


langá-lánga

Hiligaynon

A large earthen bowl; to use such a bowl. (see kám-aw).


lás-ay

Hiligaynon

Insipidity, mawkishness, tastelessness; to be, make or become insipid, mawkish, unappetizing, tasteless, abominable, disgusting. Walâ gid sing lás-ay iníng pagkáon. This food has nothing of insipidity about it. This food tastes fine or nice. Naglás-ay iníng bíno, kay nasimbúgan sing hinébra. This wine has lost its flavour, for it has been mixed with gin. Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. He is abominable to me. I am disgusted with him. Las-ayá lang ang íla pagkáon, kay támà kadalók sa íla. Make their food tasteless, because they are too greedy. Linas-ayán (pinalas-ayán) akó níla dídto sing pagkáon. They gave me there tasteless or insipid food. Urúton (Saídon) mo iní sang káon karón, kay sa buás magalás-ay. Eat this up now, for to-morrow it will be stale, vapid, mawkish, unappetizing, flat. (see báng-aw, pán-os, lán-o, maláin, etc.).


lásgas

Hiligaynon

Strong, firm, sturdy, solid; fully ripe, mature, hard (of wood); to be or become strong, etc. (see bákud, báskug, pág-on, líg-on, ísug, tugásan).


láy-aw

Hiligaynon

Single, not married, especially applied to men. Láy-aw pa gihápon si Fuláno. N.N. still is single. Ang mga láy-aw. The bachelors.


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