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aháy

Hiligaynon

Ah! Oh! Alas! Aháy, nga pagkawaláy pálad! Alas, bad luck! Aháy, pagkalisúd sang ákon maláut nga kapaláran nga dáw waláy paaliwánsan! Oh, the wretchedness of my fate from which there is no escape!



ahedrés

Hiligaynon

(Sp. ajedrez) Chess. Nagahámpang silá sang ahedrés. They are playing chess.


áhog

Hiligaynon

To wash, rinse, pour water over something or somebody, and the like. Ahógi akó sing túbig. Pour water over me. Iáhog ang túbig sa úlo ko. Pour the water over my head. Ahóga ang ákon likód sang túbig. Pour water over my back. May inugáhog ikáw? Have you a scoop or vessel for pouring out liquids? Sang íla pagpalígos sa subâ nagahogáy or nagahogánay silá. When they took a bath in the river they poured water over each other. (see bóbò).


ák-ak

Hiligaynon

To tear off, to bark, to strip (a tree of its bark). Ak-aká ang pánit sang káhoy. Strip the bark off the tree. Ak-akí ang káhoy sang íya pánit. Strip the tree of its bark. Pánit nga inák-ak. Bark torn or pulled off. Káhoy ngga inak-akán. A tree stript of its bark. (see bákbak).


áka

Hiligaynon

To sell well, be much in demand, be much sought after. Nagáka karón sa Ilongílong ang páhò, ságing, ísdà kag manók. At present mangoes, bananas, fish and chickens are much in demand in Iloilo. Sang túig nga tinalíkdan maíwat ang pamaligyáon sang sibúkaw, ápang nián nagáka na. Last year the market for sibúkaw-wood was dull, stagnant, but now it is much in demand. (see maáka, kaáka, mabákal, bákal, ágaw, dásà).


ákmol

Hiligaynon

Crustiness, thickness; to thicken, to harden, become crusty, to crust or incrust, said of dirt, dusty perspiration on the body, too much starch on clothes and the like. Nagákmol sa íya nawóng ang bálhas kag bulíng. Perspiration and dirt incrusted his face or his face was coated with sweat and dust. May duhá ukón tátlo ka báhin sang ákon báyò nga ginpaákmol sang mamumunák sang almidón. My dress was coated with starch in two or three places by the washerwoman. Kabáskug siníng pakô nga naakmolán sang almidón! Oh, the stiffness of this over-starched sleeve! (see dákmol, dámol, ápol).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ákto

Hiligaynon

(Sp. acto) An act. Isá ka ákto sang pagtóo. An act of faith. (see búhat, bubuháton, buluhatón).


ál-al

Hiligaynon

To get loose, to peel or scale off, as a piece of bark, skin, flesh, etc. Nagál-al na ang kogán sang ákon butí. The scabs of my smallpox have now fallen off. Lauyáha ang kárne túbtub nga magál-al sa túl-an. Boil the meat till it comes loose from the bone. Al-alá or paal-alá ang pánit sang manók. Boil the chicken till the skin comes away.


alabá-ab

Hiligaynon

Moderate warmth, tepidity, lukewarmness; to be or become warm, lukewarm, tepid. Ang alabá-ab sang gúgma, sang sílak sang ádlaw, etc. The (mild, soft) warmth of love, of the rays of the sun, etc. Ang sópas nga maínit kaína, nagalabá-ab na. The soup that was hot a while ago is lukewarm now or has become tepid. Paalaba-ába lang ang túbig, índì mo pagpainíton gid. Make the water only lukewarm, do not make it quite hot. Naalaba-ában ang íya nga dúghan sang matám-is nga handumánan. His heart waxed warm with sweet recollections. Padálhi akó sing ísa ka báso nga tsa nga maalabá-ab. Get somebody to fetch me a glass of lukewarm tea.


alábri

Hiligaynon

(H) Anything used for the purpose of opening, a key, etc. Also: The plural form of ábri (Sp. abrir) Diín ang alábri? Where is the key? Ang mga lampitáw nagalábri sang tanán níya nga mga baúl. The detectives opened all his boxes, (see lyábi).


alabú-ab

Hiligaynon

Leavings, sediment, dregs, lees, admixtures; offspring, progeny. Ang alabú-ab sang túbig. The sediment of water. Ang alabú-ab or inalabú-ab sang táo. The progeny or offspring of a man. Also used as a verb. Nagalabú-ab ang túbig. The water has formed a sediment. Ginaalabu-ában akó sang túbig sa sulúd siníng áwang. The water in this cistern contains too much sediment for me or it appears to me that the water in this cistern is mixed with sediment. (see lábud-dregs of wine, tubâ, vinegar, etc.; lágtok-sediment in a tube, tobacco-pipe, etc.; halabú-ab id.).


alábut

Hiligaynon

(H) To follow one thing or work after another. Also: The plural form of ábut. Sámtang nga buhî kitá dirí sa ibábaw sang kalibútan ang mga kabúdlay kag kalisúd magaalábut gid sa waláy langán-langán. As long as we are living in this world labours and difficulties will follow one another without ever coming to an end. Nagalábut silá sa íya sa subâ. They overtook him at the river, (see abút-abút, abák-abák).


alád-ad

Hiligaynon

To chat and laugh immoderately, to tell stories, or let out secrets, with much laughing and joking. Anó na man ang ginalád-ad mo dídto? What pleasant stories did you tell there? Nagainalád-ad silá sang mga tinágò ni Fuláno. They have unbridled tongues when they talk about the secrets of N.N. Indì ka magalád-ad sináng mga butáng. Don't give your tongue full rein in talking of those things, (see ád-ad, of which alád-ad is not merely the plural form).


aladláwan,

Hiligaynon

(H) Anything to be paid for by daily labour. Ang asáwa nakakúhà sing kárne nga aladláwan sang íya bána. The wife took some meat, which her husband will pay for by his daily work. (see ádlaw).


alágad and alagád

Hiligaynon

Servant; employee. Kitá nga tanán mga alágad sang Dios. We are all servants of God. Ang mga alágad or alagád sang pangolohán. The employees of the government, government employees.


alálpak

Hiligaynon

To splash, turn over with a flop, as sods in ploughing or the like. Nagalinágpak lámang ang mga súk-ay nga nagaalálpak kon iní nga karabáw amó ang nagagúyud sang dáro. If this buffalo draws the plough the sods turn over with a flop. (see óklab, balískad, ápok, alalápok).


alamagán

Hiligaynon

(H) Attractive, having an attraction, alluring, enticing. Ang kalámay alamagán sang mga subáy. Sugar is an attraction for ants. (amág).


alamagón

Hiligaynon

(H) Attracted, allured, enticed; to be allured or enticed, etc. Ang mga subáy alamagón sang kalámay. Ants are attracted by sugar. (see amág).


álan

Hiligaynon

Rancidity, rankness of taste or smell; to become rancid, rank, strong-scented, turn bad, said of fats, oils, bacon and the like. Nagálan na galî ang tosíno. After all the bacon has gone rancid. Naalánan akó sang búnga. I became dizzy from chewing betelnut. Amligí ang mantéka, agúd índì magálan. Take care of the lard, lest it should turn bad.


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