Search result(s) - sáp-an

ágbà

Hiligaynon

Dumb, mum, silent, taciturn (applied to persons who habitually talk little, and rarely allow themselves to be drawn into a conversation, but particularly said of those, who on being questioned or asked an explanation keep a sullen or stubborn silence). Agbà nga táo. A very taciturn man. Iníng batà ágbà gid. This is a very stubborn child from whom it is difficult to get an answer to questions. Kaágbà sa ímo. How stubborn you are! Have you lost your tongue! Indì ka maginágbà or magpakaágbà. Don't pretend to be deaf and dumb. Don't act as if you could not speak. (N.B. ágbà is related to apâ, but in speaking of persons afflicted with dumbness "apâ" only is used and never "ágbà").



ági

Hiligaynon

Passage, trace, incident, event; to go by, pass by, pass through. Ang mga ági kag bilín sang salâ. The traces and remains of sin. Ang mga ági sang íya kabúhì. The incidents of his life. Kon magági ka dirí, hapíti kamí. If you pass this way, visit us. Indì ka makaági dirâ, kay nakodalán ang umá. You cannot pass through there, for the field is fenced in. Ang dalán nga íla ginágyan (ginagíhan)-. The road over which they passed-. Iági akó siníng tulún-an sa kay Fuláno. Kindly hand this book over to N.N. in passing. Buás ágyon ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll call for you in passing (and take you along). Buás ágyan ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll visit you on my way. Paágyon mo kamí sa ímo umá. Let us pass through your field. Dílì mo pagpaágyan sa íla ang áton umá. Don't allow them to pass through our field. Walâ pa akó kaági (makaági) dídto. I have never been there yet, I have had no occasion to pass that way, I have not seen or passed that place at all.


agíl-agíl

Hiligaynon

Stunted in growth, undersized, lean and weak; to become stunted, etc. Agíl-agíl nga táo. An undersized person. Nagagíl-agíl siá sa balatían. He became stunted through illness. (see arí-arí).


agóy

Hiligaynon

An exclamation of pain and suffering. Agóy, kasakít siníng hubág ko. Oh, dear me. Oh, the pain of this boil of mine! Agóy, daw sa dílì na akó makabatás siníng kahápdì. Oh, dear, I can hardly stand this pain any longer. (see aragóy).


agúd

Hiligaynon

That, in order that, so that; agúd índì or agúd dílì-lest, in order that not. Magtoón kamó, agúd magálam. Study, that you may become learned. Basáha ang tulún-an sing matalupángdon, agúd ímo masáyran ang ginabása mo. Read the book with attention, in order that you may understand what you read. Kápti ang alobáybay, agúd índì ka mahúlog. Keep hold of the handrail, lest you should fall down. Amligí ang pagdalá mo siníng báso, agúd dílì mabúong. Carry this glass with care, in order that it may not break. N.B. The particle "nga" is frequently added to agúd (agúd nga, agúd nga dílì, etc.), but it may be left out without change of meaning.


agwáson

Hiligaynon

A very poisonous snake, growing to the thickness of a man's arm, living mostly in the jungle and looking for its prey, wild chickens, etc., at night-time. It is quite dangerous to meet an agwáson, for instead of gliding away it often attacks persons coming upon it.


ah

Hiligaynon

An exclamation: Ah! Oh! (see a).


ahâ

Hiligaynon

To beseech, ask fervently, insist on obtaining some favour, importune. Nagahâ siá sa ákon sing bulúng sa pilás. He asked me insistently for some medicine for the wound. Ginahaán akó níya sing diótay nga humáy, kay nawád-an siá. He earnestly begged a little rice of me, for he had run short of it. Dilì matúod nga akó amó ang nagahâ sa íla, kóndì, hinonóo gánì, silá nagpangáyò sa ákon. It is not true that I importuned them, but, on the contrary, they asked me.


ahénsya

Hiligaynon

(Sp. agencia) Agency, an agent's office; pawnbroker's shop, an agent's or commissioner's bureau, especially one for the advancing of money on pledges or for buying second-hand goods.


ahóy

Hiligaynon

An exclamation to draw another's attention: Hey! Hello! Ahoy! Ahóy, hulatá akó ánay. Hey, kindly wait for me. Ahóy! kamó dirâ! Kumarí kamó dirí kag bulígan nínyo kamí. Hello, you there! Come here and help us! (see hóy).


akólito

Hiligaynon

(Sp. acólito) Acolythe, altar-boy, mass-server. Akólito ko siá. He is my acolythe. Nagakólito siá. He became an acolythe. He was an altar-boy. He served mass. Makahibaló ikáw magakólito? Do you know how to serve mass? Do you know how to serve as an altar-boy?


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ákto

Hiligaynon

(Sp. acto) An act. Isá ka ákto sang pagtóo. An act of faith. (see búhat, bubuháton, buluhatón).


ál-al

Hiligaynon

To get loose, to peel or scale off, as a piece of bark, skin, flesh, etc. Nagál-al na ang kogán sang ákon butí. The scabs of my smallpox have now fallen off. Lauyáha ang kárne túbtub nga magál-al sa túl-an. Boil the meat till it comes loose from the bone. Al-alá or paal-alá ang pánit sang manók. Boil the chicken till the skin comes away.


alá

Hiligaynon

Pull! Haul! Now then! Hello! An exclamation used in animating workmen, in enforcing attention and the like. Alá na kamó nga tanán! Now then, pull all together! Alá ikáw dirâ, halín ka. Hello! you there, clear out. (see halá id. and the more usual form; perhaps from the Sp. hala).


ala-asáwa

Hiligaynon

Concubine, an unmarried or illegally married woman. (see araasáwa, oloasáwa).


alábut

Hiligaynon

(H) To follow one thing or work after another. Also: The plural form of ábut. Sámtang nga buhî kitá dirí sa ibábaw sang kalibútan ang mga kabúdlay kag kalisúd magaalábut gid sa waláy langán-langán. As long as we are living in this world labours and difficulties will follow one another without ever coming to an end. Nagalábut silá sa íya sa subâ. They overtook him at the river, (see abút-abút, abák-abák).


alág-ag

Hiligaynon

Hesitating, doubtful, timid, shy; to be or become doubtful, etc. Nagaalág-ag ang buót ko sa pagsulát sa íya, kay básì magasúngon. I am afraid to write to him, for he may get angry, or he may take it ill. Indì ka magpangalág-ag, kóndì dayóna lang ang ímo igahámbal. Don't be shy or don't hesitate, but continue what you have got to say. Nagapangalág-ag siá magsulúd, kay básì akígan. He hesitates to enter, for he may possibly meet with an angry reception. (see alâ-álà).


alakápa

Hiligaynon

(Sp. a la capa) For appearance only, for politeness' sake, coldly formal, not heartily or sincerely. Gin-*ágda man akó níya, hóo, ápang alakápa lang. He invited me also, yes, but only to keep up appearances. Nagtámbong man siá, ápang alakápa lang, dílì hutúhut. He put in an appearance too, but in a coldly formal way, not with right goodwill. (see pasamústra, pakuláhaw id.).


álam

Hiligaynon

(H) Knowledge, wisdom, learning; to be or become wise, learned, to know. Walâ siá sing álam. He has no learning, has had no education. Pisáni ang pagtoón mo, agúd magálam ka. Study with application, that you may become learned or well educated. Sádto ánay walâ siá sing tinón-an, ápang karón nagálam na gid siá. Formerly he had no schooling, but now he is quite learned. Indì kamó manúgid sa íya sinâ, kay maaláman man níya sa olíhi. Don't tell him that now, for he will get to know it later on all the same. Paalámi siá. Tell him or warn him beforehand. Anó ang ímo naaláman? What do you know? What have you learned? Ginpaaláman níya kamí nga dáan nga maabút ang manugusísà sa amó nga ádlaw. We were warned by him long before, that the inspector would come on such a day. Ipaálam sa íya nga nagubâ ang táytay. Send him word that the bridge is broken down. (see kaálam, maálam, kinaálam, kinaádman, máan).


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10