Search result(s) - uma

umá

Hiligaynon

See humá-to low, moo; the lowing of cattle. Humá is the more usual and correct form. (see ma, ma-má, imâ).



umá

Hiligaynon

Cultivated ground, soil, field, farm, farmland; country, country-side, rural district, farmstead; to farm, till the soil, do farm-work, be a farmer. Nagaumá (nagapangúma) siá karón kag nagapuyô (nagaamuyóng) man siá sa íya umá. He is at present doing farm-work and stays at his farm. Yádtong bánglid ginumá námon sang túig nga tinalíkdan, ápang karón walâ na námon pagaúmha, kay lánggod ang dútà. Last year we cultivated that slope over there, but we are not working it any longer, because the soil is poor. Hóo, kon malúyag ikáw ipaumá ko sa ímo iníng bakólod. Yes, if you like, I'll let you till this rise. Diín ikáw nagapuyô?-Sa umá. Where do you live?-In the country. In the rural district. Ang ímo umá saráng mapalápad pa gid, kon kaíngnon mo lang ang tanán nga mga kalaíngnon. Your farmland can be increased yet to a large extent, if you only clear by fire all the jungles that can be brought under cultivation. (see pangúma, pangúmhan, umánhon, mangungúma, palangúmhan, dútà, lúpà, tubúng).


umá

Hiligaynon

See humá-to low, moo; the lowing of cattle. Humá is the more usual and correct form. (see ma, ma-má, imâ).


umá

Hiligaynon

Cultivated ground, soil, field, farm, farmland; country, country-side, rural district, farmstead; to farm, till the soil, do farm-work, be a farmer. Nagaumá (nagapangúma) siá karón kag nagapuyô (nagaamuyóng) man siá sa íya umá. He is at present doing farm-work and stays at his farm. Yádtong bánglid ginumá námon sang túig nga tinalíkdan, ápang karón walâ na námon pagaúmha, kay lánggod ang dútà. Last year we cultivated that slope over there, but we are not working it any longer, because the soil is poor. Hóo, kon malúyag ikáw ipaumá ko sa ímo iníng bakólod. Yes, if you like, I'll let you till this rise. Diín ikáw nagapuyô?-Sa umá. Where do you live?-In the country. In the rural district. Ang ímo umá saráng mapalápad pa gid, kon kaíngnon mo lang ang tanán nga mga kalaíngnon. Your farmland can be increased yet to a large extent, if you only clear by fire all the jungles that can be brought under cultivation. (see pangúma, pangúmhan, umánhon, mangungúma, palangúmhan, dútà, lúpà, tubúng).


a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


abóno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abono) Manure, fertilizer; to manure. Abonóhi ang umá. Manure the field. Ipaabóno ko sa ímo ang ákon umá, kon makasugtánay kitá sa nahanungúd sang isóhol ko sa ímo. I'll let you manure my field, if we can come to an agreement as to how much I have to pay you in wages, (see lambón).


ági

Hiligaynon

Passage, trace, incident, event; to go by, pass by, pass through. Ang mga ági kag bilín sang salâ. The traces and remains of sin. Ang mga ági sang íya kabúhì. The incidents of his life. Kon magági ka dirí, hapíti kamí. If you pass this way, visit us. Indì ka makaági dirâ, kay nakodalán ang umá. You cannot pass through there, for the field is fenced in. Ang dalán nga íla ginágyan (ginagíhan)-. The road over which they passed-. Iági akó siníng tulún-an sa kay Fuláno. Kindly hand this book over to N.N. in passing. Buás ágyon ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll call for you in passing (and take you along). Buás ágyan ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll visit you on my way. Paágyon mo kamí sa ímo umá. Let us pass through your field. Dílì mo pagpaágyan sa íla ang áton umá. Don't allow them to pass through our field. Walâ pa akó kaági (makaági) dídto. I have never been there yet, I have had no occasion to pass that way, I have not seen or passed that place at all.


ágsa

Hiligaynon

To work another's fields for part of the produce. Agsa ko lang iníng umá. I work this farm only as a tenant. Sín-o ang ginaagsahán mo? Who is the owner of your leasehold? Ang agsadór ko amó ang nagaágsa sang ákon dútà. My tenant is the one who works my farm. Ginapaágsa níya ang íya dútà sa isá ka salalígan nga agsadór. He let his land on lease to a trustworthy tenant. Kon may lúyag ka ipaágsa ko sa ímo ang ákon umá. If you like, I'll let you have my farm in tenure by lease. Agsahí siá. Become his tenant. Take his land in tenure by lease. Take some of his land on lease.


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


amoyóng

Hiligaynon

(B) To stay, live, take up one's abode. Nagaamoyóng silá sa umá. They are living at their farm. Ipaamoyóng ko ang ákon masakít nga bátà sa ínyo baláy sa umá, agúd magáyo ang íya balatían. I'll let my sick child stay with you at the farm, in order that it may recover from its sickness. Ang ámon baláy amô ang naamoyongán sang pilasón. Our house it was in which the wounded man took up his abode. Paamoyongá iníng makaloló-oy nga babáe sa ímo baláy. Allow this poor woman to stay at your house. (see lúntad, puyô).


ántay

Hiligaynon

To move, to transfer one's residence, go to live somewhere else, to carry or transport to some other place. Nagántay kamí sa umá sang tigtalánum. During the planting-season we lived at the farm. Iántay ang mga kasangkápan sa bánwa. Transfer your outfit to the town. Kon matápus ang áni maántay kamí liwán sa bánwa. After the rice-harvest we shall move to town again. Antayi ang umá mo sa bakólod, kay maáyo sa ímo láwas ang pagpuyô mo didto. Go to live at your farm on the hill, for staying there is good for your health. (see líton).


bagô

Hiligaynon

Will, head, soul, brain. Walâ gid inâ sa bagô ko. That never entered my head. Kaúyon ang bagô níya sa umá, kay nagtámbok siá dídto. He likes to live at the farm, for he got fat there. (see bángog, bagól).


báskug

Hiligaynon

Stiffness, brittleness, strength; rigidity; to be or become stiff or brittle; to be or become strong, vigorous. Nagbáskug ang ákon báyò, kay natám-an sing almidón. My jacket is stiff, because it has been overstarched. Sa waláy duhádúha magabáskug ang íya láwas sa umá. No doubt, he will get strong again on the farm. Nagbolobáskug na siá liwán. He is now quite strong again. (see tískug, balískog, kusúg).


báwì

Hiligaynon

To redeem, reclaim, deliver, free, save, set at liberty, liberate, release. Bawía siá. Deliver him, free him. Ginbáwì kitá ni Hesukrísto sa salâ kag sa inpiérno. Jesus Christ redeemed us from sin and hell. Ibáwì mo iníng pílak sa ímo dútà. Use this money to reclaim your land. Nabáwì siá sa kamót sang íya mga kaáway. He was saved from the hands of his enemies. Kon mga saráng, ibáwì akó sang ákon umá nga ginprénda ko. Please, if possible, reclaim for me the land I mortgaged. Kon índì ka magbáyad sang ímo nga útang sa napátud nga ádlaw, índì mo na mabáwì ang síngsing nga ginprénda mo. Unless you pay your debt on the day assigned, you will not be able to redeem your pawned ring. Ang mga Móros nabawían na, konó, sing duhá sang íla mga biníhag. It is reported that two of the captives led away by the Moros have been freed. (see tubús, luás, gáwad).


buhî

Hiligaynon

Alive, live, living, quick, existent, not dead; to live, be alive; to live, stay, reside, have one's abode or residence, remain. Buhî nga táo. A live man. A vigorous, energetic, alert, active man. A "live wire". Ang mga buhî kag ang mga minatáy. The quick (living) and the dead. Buhî pa si Fuláno?-Hóo, buhî pa siá. Is N.N. still living?-Yes, he is living still. Kútub sang pagsulúd níya sa pagkamónha nagkabuhî pa siá sing napúlò ka túig. From the time of her entrance into the order she lived ten years. Ang pagkabuhî (pagkinabuhî) níla sa íla umá matáwhay kaáyo kag malinóng. They-are living,-live,-have lived, a very happy and quiet life at their farm. (see búhî, patáy-dead; puyô, lúntad, amoyóng, estár).


dalígdig

Hiligaynon

(B) To flow, run freely, stream, sweep along, (said of water). Ang túbig nagadalígdig. The water is flowing. Padaligdigá ang túbig sa ákon umá or padaligdigí ang ákon umá sing túbig. Let the water flow over my field. (see ílig).


dánggas

Hiligaynon

To blow or beat upon with full force, drive against without obstruction, said of wind. Ang hángin nagadánggas sang baláy. The wind strikes the house with full force. Ang ámon kamálig sa umá ginadanggasán sang hángin. Our field-hut is being buffeted by the wind. (see ábong).


dógi

Hiligaynon

(B) Thorn, prick, prickle, barb, spike, spine, point; to prick, scatter-, strew with-, thorns, etc. Nadógi ang tiíl ko. My foot was pricked by a thorn. Sín-o ang nagdógi sang dálan? Who strewed the road with thorns? Who scattered thorns on the road? Gindogíhan (gindógian) níla ang kodál sang pamulákan. They put thorns in the garden-fence. Iníng kamúnsil idógi ko sa dálan sa binít sang ákon umá, agúd índì masúdlan sang mga háyup. These camunsel-branches with their prickles I will put on the road near the edge of my field, so that animals cannot enter. (see súyak, dalíngag, tunók).


dólon

Hiligaynon

To separate, set apart, limit, delimit, demarcate, set bounds to, define, circumscribe. Dolóna ang maís sa humáy. Separate the corn from the rice. Dolóni sing kawáyan ang ákon umá sa umá sang ibán. Make a bamboo paling between my field and the field of others. Idólon ko iníng mga kásla sa ákon hardín. I will use these casla-plants to make a boundary round my garden. (see bulág, sipák).


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