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nga

Hiligaynon

A conjunctive particle used in various ways:

a.) to connect adjectives and nouns, nouns and nouns, etc., e.g. mabúg-at nga lúlan. A heavy load. Sa manábaw nga subâ. In the shallow river. Baláy nga bató. A stone building. Isá ka kúlon nga kán-on. A kettle full of rice. Mga ságing nga tinanók. Boiled bananas. Ang mga nagahuníhúni nga sirúmsirúm. The chirping crickets. Isá ka lubí nga binukâ. A split coconut.

b.) to connect ideas or sentences, equivalent to: that, in order that, if. Nakadumdúm akó nga--. I thought that--. Ang labíng maáyo nga magkádto ka dídto sa súbung siní. It would be best, if you went there at once. Indì mo pagkalímtan nga buás masúgud kitá magarádo. Don't forget that tomorrow we begin ploughing.

c.) as relative pronoun. Ang táo nga naglubás kaína amó ang ákon tíyò. The man who passed a while ago is my uncle. Amó iní ang bátà nga mahúmok gid sing úlo. This is the boy who has a very bright under-standing. Diín na ang tigíb nga gingámit ko kahápon? Where is the chisel I used yesterday?

d.) as an introduction to an exclamation. Nga pagkalisúd sang pangabúhì karón! Oh, how difficult living conditions are! Nga pagkabungúl siníng bátà! Oh, the stubbornness (obstinacy) of this boy! How stubborn this boy is!



a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


á-a

Hiligaynon

An exclamation of sorrow, anguish or the like. A-a, kon amó inâ ang pangabúhî, maáyo na lang nga mamatáy akó! Ah, if life is such, it would be better for me to die! A-a, ano na man iní! Maanó na lang akó! Alas, what does this mean! What shall I do now!


áb-ab

Hiligaynon

To eat or bite off a piece: to undermine and carry off, wash away (of water). Ab-abá lang ang tinápay kag ang mabilin nga inab-abán ihátag mo sa ímo mánghud. Just bite off a piece of bread, and give the remainder to your younger brother (sister). May katalágman nga ab-abón sang subâ ang pángpang. There is danger that the river will undermine and carry off its banks. Indì mo pag-ipaáb-ab[*] ang kárne sa idô. Do not let the dog snap at the meat. (see áp-ap, kábkab, kádkad, ríbrib).


abá

Hiligaynon

Ah! Oh! Alas! Abá, ang íya sinâ nga katahúm! Oh, the beauty of it! Abá, kanógon gid inâ! Alas, what a pity! (see abáw).


abâ

Hiligaynon

(B) Oh! Ah! Really? Truly? Is it so, indeed? Abâ, matúod iní? Ah, is it really true? Can it be so? Nabáton ko ang isá ka makalilípay nga balítà-Abâ? I have received some joyful news.-Have you, really? (see abá, abáw).


abadíya

Hiligaynon


abaká

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abaca) The hemp-plant; hemp-fibre; hempen, made of hemp. Panápton nga abaká, kalát nga abaká, etc. Hemp-cloth, hemp-rope, etc. (see lánot).


abakahán

Hiligaynon

One who has plenty of-, is rich in-, hemp; containing hemp-plants, suitable for a hemp-plantation. Bakólod nga abakahán. A hill covered with hemp-plants or suitable for growing hemp. Bankílan siá, kay abakahán kaáyo. He is wealthy or influential, because he owns large hemp-plantations.


ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


ábang

Hiligaynon

To take within range or sweep (of fire, etc.). Sang pagkasúnug sang baláy ni Fuláno naábang man ang ámon baláy. When N.N.'s house burned down, our house also was involved. Kon may súnug nga malapít sa plása, may katalágman nga abángon man sang kaláyo ang simbáhan. If a fire breaks out near the public square, there is danger that the church may also come within its destructive range. (see ánas, úmid).


abáno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. habano) A cigar, especially one made by machinery, and sold by tobacconists (in contradistinction to the piokós-a home-made cigar, rolled by hand for private use). Bákli akó sing duhá ka abáno nga taglimá ka sentimós. Buy me two cigars of five centavos each. Indì akó makaúyon sang abáno kay matáb-ang; ginapasolabí ko gid ang piokós, kay labíng maísug. I do not like cigars sold by tobacconists, for they are too mild; I much prefer home-made cigars, because they are very strong, (see tabákò, tabakô, piokós).


abáo

Hiligaynon

An expression of joy, surprise, astonishment, admiration, sorrow, grief and pain. Oh! Ah! Alas! Hurrah! Abáo, katahúm siní nga daw lángit! Ah, how beautiful! How like heaven! Abáo nga pagkamakaloló-oy sang ákon karón nga kahimtángan! Oh the wretchedness of my present condition! May dakû nga súnug kahápon sa Ilóngílong kag madámù nga mga baláy nga dalágkù ang nagabó.-Abáo! There was a great fire yesterday in Iloilo and many large buildings were burned to ashes.-Oh, really! Ah, this is a terrible news! (see abá).


abát-ábat

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of ábat. Also: to follow up, follow from place to place. Ginabátábat sang mga polís ang makáwat túbtub nga íla madakúp (nadakúp). The police followed the thief from place to place till they caught him. Abát-abáton nínyo ang duhá ka pamatán-on nga nagtabanáy túbtub nga ínyo makítà kag ibálik nínyo dirí silá nga duhá. Follow the two young people that have eloped till you find them and bring the two of them back here. (see sunúdsúnud).


abáy

Hiligaynon

(B) To join, enter, associate with, take to, mingle. Nagabáy na siá sa pagkapánday, pagkamangangawáy, etc. He has now taken to carpentry, has cast in his lot with the soldiery, etc. Dî mo pagiabáy ang ngálan sang Diós sa mga sugilánon nga kalibutánon. Do not mingle the name of God in worldly conversation. Indì mo pagábyan ang mga dîmatárung. Do not join with, associate with, wicked men. Abyí siá. Join him. Become his companion or associate. Ipa-*abáy mo ang ímo nga anák sa mga kaupdánan nga maáyo sing pamatásan. See that your child associates with companions of good behaviour. (see ábian, ábyan).


abáy-abáy

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of abáy. Also: to meddle, put one's nose in, interfere. Indì ka magabáyabáy sinâ nga mga butáng. Don't meddle in those things. Don't put your nose in such matters. (see pahilabót, pasilabút, pakít-arakáng).


abáyan

Hiligaynon

Liable to fall under a spell by which a benefit is changed into its opposite evil. Indì mo pagsingganán ang bátà nga matámbok siá, kay básì abáyan. Don't tell the child that it is fat, because it might fall under an evil spell (and become lean or sick). N. B. This is a superstition. It is likely that after "abáyan" "sang áswang" is understood.


ábi

Hiligaynon

For instance, for example; to imagine, think, say. Hunâhunáon ta, ábi, nga-. Let us imagine, for example, that-. Kon magmasakít ikáw, ábi, ánhon mo? If you should get sick, say, what would you do? Anó, ábi, ang mahanabû kon-? What do you think will happen, if-? Also used ironically and sarcastically, especially in the phrase: Abi mo? Do you really think so? implying that he who thinks so is quite wrong, very imprudent, foolish, and the like.


abí-ábi

Hiligaynon

Greetings, salutations, regards; to greet, salute, shake hands with; to treat or receive hospitably. Ginapadalá ko sa ínyo ang ákon abí-ábi. I send you my regards. Sa íla nga tanán ang ákon pagabí-ábi kag pagtáhud. To all of them I tender my greetings and respect. Abí-abíha siá. Salute him. Shake hands with him. Treat him well or hospitably. (see aláw, tátap, támyaw, támiaw).


ábian

Hiligaynon

Friend, comrade; to be friends. Siá maáyo ko gid nga ábian. He is my best friend. Nagaábian silá. They are friends. Magabiánay kamó. Be friends.


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