State of being dry and difficult to swallow, roughness; to be or become dry, etc. Also applied to roughness of skin or the like, but chiefly to food. Iníng pagkáon walâ sing gúphal (kagúphal). This food-is easy to swallow,-is not rough or difficult to swallow. Naggúphal iníng tinápay. This bread is dry and difficult to swallow. Kagúphal sang ímo pánit! How rough your skin is!