Search result(s) - kon

kón

Hiligaynon

Particle: If, when, whether; or. Kon magabút siá-. When he comes-. Usisáon mo sing maáyo iníng mga kasangkápan kon mapúslan pa ó kon dílì. Examine these tools well, whether they are still of some use or not. Padálhi akó sing duhá kon tátlo ka páres nga sapátos. Send me two or three pairs of boots. Kon maáyo ang tiémpo magadúaw akó sa ímo. If the weather is fine I will pay you a visit. (see ó, ukón, N.B. ukón is now mostly used in the meaning of "or" and kon in the meaning of "if, when, whether", "ukón" is a contraction of "ó, kon").



á-a

Hiligaynon

An exclamation of sorrow, anguish or the like. A-a, kon amó inâ ang pangabúhî, maáyo na lang nga mamatáy akó! Ah, if life is such, it would be better for me to die! A-a, ano na man iní! Maanó na lang akó! Alas, what does this mean! What shall I do now!


ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


ábang

Hiligaynon

To take within range or sweep (of fire, etc.). Sang pagkasúnug sang baláy ni Fuláno naábang man ang ámon baláy. When N.N.'s house burned down, our house also was involved. Kon may súnug nga malapít sa plása, may katalágman nga abángon man sang kaláyo ang simbáhan. If a fire breaks out near the public square, there is danger that the church may also come within its destructive range. (see ánas, úmid).


ábi

Hiligaynon

For instance, for example; to imagine, think, say. Hunâhunáon ta, ábi, nga-. Let us imagine, for example, that-. Kon magmasakít ikáw, ábi, ánhon mo? If you should get sick, say, what would you do? Anó, ábi, ang mahanabû kon-? What do you think will happen, if-? Also used ironically and sarcastically, especially in the phrase: Abi mo? Do you really think so? implying that he who thinks so is quite wrong, very imprudent, foolish, and the like.


abír

Hiligaynon

(Sp. a ver) Let us see. Let us have a try. Hóo, abír, kon makabúhat ka sinâ. Yes, let us see, whether you can do that. (see tan-awón, ta, ipakítà, mo, tilawán, ta, etc.).


abóno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abono) Manure, fertilizer; to manure. Abonóhi ang umá. Manure the field. Ipaabóno ko sa ímo ang ákon umá, kon makasugtánay kitá sa nahanungúd sang isóhol ko sa ímo. I'll let you manure my field, if we can come to an agreement as to how much I have to pay you in wages, (see lambón).


ábri

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abrir) To unlock, unfasten, open; to begin, commence, said of schools, classes, sessions, meetings, etc. Abrihi ang puérta, ang bintánà, etc. Open the door, the window, etc. Naabrihán na ang mga kláse. Classes have commenced. Ang makáwat walâ makaábri sang káha. The thief could not unlock-, open-, the safe. Kon walâ ka sing yábi nga ikaábri sa ganháan, bingkalá na lang. If you have no key that can unlock the door, simply burst the door in. (see bukás).


absolbér

Hiligaynon

(Sp. absolver) To absolve, acquit, declare free. A, kon amó inâ, índì akó makaabsolbér sa ímo. Oh, if that is so, I cannot absolve you. Absolbehí siá. Absolve him. Give him absolution. (see patáwad, luás, pasáylo).


ábtik

Hiligaynon

Dexterity, adroitness, skill, quickness, expertness in invention or execution; to be or become expert, adroit, dexterous, skillful. Bisán pa gánì ang búndul nga táo kon maghánas sing may kapísan magaábtik. Even a slow man, if he practises diligently, will become dexterous. Abtiká ang pagsulát. Try to write quickly. Naabtikán gid akó sang iya nga pagtahì. I was much impressed by her skill at sewing.


adelantár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adelantar) To promote, ameliorate, introduce progressive methods or modern inventions; to advance, put on. Adelantahí akó ánay sing kwárta. Advance me some money. Paadelantahá ang taknáan (relóh) sing napúlò ka minuto. Put on the clock ten minutes. Kon magadelantár ikáw sa ákon sing napúlò ka mángmang magakosinéro mo akó. If you advance me ten pesos I am willing to become your cook.


ádlaw

Hiligaynon

Sun; day; daylight; to be or become daylight; to pass or spend a day. Nagabútlak na ang ádlaw. The sun is rising. Adlaw na; lakát kitá. It's daylight now; let us go. Kon magádlaw (umádlaw) na, pagadayúnon ta ang áton paglakát. When daylight appears, we will continue our march. Sa sulúd sang duhá ukón tátlo ka ádlaw mapamanílà akó. Within two or three days I'll depart for Manila. Naadlawán kitá dídto. We passed a full day there. Naduhaán kitá ka ádlaw dídto. We spent two days there. Sa ádlaw nga Miérkoles. On Wednesday. Sang naglígad nga ádlaw nga Miérkoles. Last Wednesday. Maáyo nga ádlaw. Good day. Good morning. Adlaw nga inugpuása kag inugpaúmud sa kárne. A day of fasting and abstinence. Sang isá sinâ nga mga ádlaw nga naglilí-gad---. One of these last days----. Sa tanán nga ádlaw. Every day.


ága

Hiligaynon

Morning, from near sunrise to mid-day; to be or become morning. Kaína sang ága. This morning. Buás sa ága. Tomorrow morning. Kon magága or umága na----. When morning comes---. Duhádúha gid kon maagahán pa ang masakít. It is very doubtful, whether the sick person (man, woman or child) will live until tomorrow morning. Naagahán kamí sa alipokpokán sang búkid. By morning we were on the top of the mountain. Maáyong ága. Good morning. Mapaága akó anay kag ugáling malakát. I'll wait till morning and then start. Naagahán silá sang kinánta, sináut, panahî, lagás sa makáwat, etc. They sang, danced, sewed, pursued the thief, etc. the whole night through till morning.


ágda

Hiligaynon

To invite, to ask or request one's presence. Agdahá siá. Invite him. Ginágda mo na ang tanán mo nga mga ábyan? Have you invited all your friends? Ang áton piésta pagaagdahán ko sing madámù nga mga Párì. I shall invite many priests to assist at our feast. I shall request the presence of many priests at our feast. Ari na ang mga inágda. The invited guests are now here. Nalipatán níya sa pagágda sánday Pedro. Paagdahón ko siá sa íla or ipaágda ko silá sa íya. He forgot to invite Peter and his friends or Peter and his family. I'll make him invite them. Padálhan ko siá kuntánì sing sulát nga iágda ko sa íya, ápang walâ gánì akó kasáyod kon diín siá nagapuyô karón. I should like to send him a letter of invitation, but I do not know where he is staying at present. (see abiár, hágad, kángay, )


ági

Hiligaynon

Passage, trace, incident, event; to go by, pass by, pass through. Ang mga ági kag bilín sang salâ. The traces and remains of sin. Ang mga ági sang íya kabúhì. The incidents of his life. Kon magági ka dirí, hapíti kamí. If you pass this way, visit us. Indì ka makaági dirâ, kay nakodalán ang umá. You cannot pass through there, for the field is fenced in. Ang dalán nga íla ginágyan (ginagíhan)-. The road over which they passed-. Iági akó siníng tulún-an sa kay Fuláno. Kindly hand this book over to N.N. in passing. Buás ágyon ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll call for you in passing (and take you along). Buás ágyan ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll visit you on my way. Paágyon mo kamí sa ímo umá. Let us pass through your field. Dílì mo pagpaágyan sa íla ang áton umá. Don't allow them to pass through our field. Walâ pa akó kaági (makaági) dídto. I have never been there yet, I have had no occasion to pass that way, I have not seen or passed that place at all.


agíd-ágid

Hiligaynon

Similar, like, resembling; to resemble, to be like or similar. Nagaagíd-ágid silá sing pamatásan. They resemble each other in their ways or behaviour. Agid-agída silá, kon nagaparého ang íla dágway. Compare them to see, whether their shape is the same. Iníng baláy, agíd-ágid sa ámon. This house is something like ours. (see ánggid, anggíd-ánggid).


ágsa

Hiligaynon

To work another's fields for part of the produce. Agsa ko lang iníng umá. I work this farm only as a tenant. Sín-o ang ginaagsahán mo? Who is the owner of your leasehold? Ang agsadór ko amó ang nagaágsa sang ákon dútà. My tenant is the one who works my farm. Ginapaágsa níya ang íya dútà sa isá ka salalígan nga agsadór. He let his land on lease to a trustworthy tenant. Kon may lúyag ka ipaágsa ko sa ímo ang ákon umá. If you like, I'll let you have my farm in tenure by lease. Agsahí siá. Become his tenant. Take his land in tenure by lease. Take some of his land on lease.


agúnta

Hiligaynon

To wheeze, be short of breath. Kon mamuérsa ka sa paghákwat siníng bató, magaagúnta ka. If you exert yourself much in lifting this stone, you will gasp for breath.


ákig

Hiligaynon

(H) Anger, ire, wrath, rage, passion, choler, fury, indignation; to be or make angry, become angry, irate, wroth, wrathful, furious, indignant. Indì ka magákig or mangákig. Don't be angry. Tî, kon may salâ ang bátà mo akígi kag hanóta. Well, if your boy is at fault, show him your displeasure and give him a whipping. Indì mo siá pagakígan, kay dílì siá amó ang may salâ. Don't be angry with him, for he is not the one to blame. Indì ka ánay maghámbal sa íya, kay básì maákig siá. Don't talk to him now, for he may get angry. Inakígan níya gid ang ámon paglatás sa íya nga talámnan. He flew in a rage, because we had cut straight across his field.


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


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