Search result(s) - mál-am

mál-am

Hiligaynon

(B) Adult, of age, grown-up. (see mál-it, hámtong, tigúlang).



a

Hiligaynon

Ah, Oh, Well, Why. A, amó gid inâ. Ah, that is it, certainly. A, ikáw galî ang nagabút. Oh, it is you, that have come. A, bayái (pabayái) lang ang mga bátà dirâ. Well, leave the children there alone. A, pagkaláut sang ákon kapaláran! Oh, how unfortunate I am! A, indì ka magsapák sinâ. Why, don't take any notice of it. (see ah).


adelantár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adelantar) To promote, ameliorate, introduce progressive methods or modern inventions; to advance, put on. Adelantahí akó ánay sing kwárta. Advance me some money. Paadelantahá ang taknáan (relóh) sing napúlò ka minuto. Put on the clock ten minutes. Kon magadelantár ikáw sa ákon sing napúlò ka mángmang magakosinéro mo akó. If you advance me ten pesos I am willing to become your cook.


adóbo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adobo) A dish of meat cut up or sliced and mixed with vinegar and various spices; to make or serve adóbo. Adobóha ang báboy. Work the pork up into adóbo. Bákli akó sing kárne, kay adobóhon ko sa panyága. Buy me some meat, for I am going to prepare from it a dish of adóbo for dinner. Anhon mo iníng kárne?-Adobóhon ko. What are you going to do with this meat?-I am going to make adóbo of it. Adobóhi ang mga bisíta. Treat the visitors to a dish of adóbo. Makahíbalo ka magadóbo? Do you know how to prepare adóbo? Anhon mo iníng lánggaw?-Iadóbo ko sa kárne. What are you using this vinegar for?-I am going to use it for a dish of adóbo.


akó

Hiligaynon

The first person singular of the personal pronoun: I. Sín-o ikáw?-Akó?-Hóo.-Akó amó si Fuláno. Who are you?-I?-Yes-I am N.N. Akó amó ang nagbúhat siní. I did it, I was the one who did it. Akó sing ákon or akóy ákon walâ sing lábut sinâ. I, for my part or as far as I am concerned, have nothing to do with that. Akó amó ang amó sa gihápon. I am He who is ever the same, "I am who am", (Sum qui sum).


ákò

Hiligaynon

To be able to, to be capable of, to have the power or ability; to undertake, to assume the responsibility for. Ginaakóan ko ang pagbúhat sinâ. I undertake to do that or I am ready to accept the responsibility for that. Ginaákò or ginaakóan ko iníng sayúp. I accept all the blame or responsibility for this fault. Indì siá makaákò sa pagpatigáyon sinâ. He is not capable of accomplishing that. (see kaákò, makaákò, gahúm, saráng, agám, ágap).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alág-ag

Hiligaynon

Hesitating, doubtful, timid, shy; to be or become doubtful, etc. Nagaalág-ag ang buót ko sa pagsulát sa íya, kay básì magasúngon. I am afraid to write to him, for he may get angry, or he may take it ill. Indì ka magpangalág-ag, kóndì dayóna lang ang ímo igahámbal. Don't be shy or don't hesitate, but continue what you have got to say. Nagapangalág-ag siá magsulúd, kay básì akígan. He hesitates to enter, for he may possibly meet with an angry reception. (see alâ-álà).


álay

Hiligaynon

Stiffness, tiredness; to be or become stiff and tired from a long walk, overwork or the like, said especially of limbs and muscles. Nagálay ang íya páa. His leg has become stiff. Naalayán akó. I am stiff and tired. Metaphorically: Ginaalayán akó siníng mga bátà. I am getting tired of,-disgusted with-, these children. (see kápoy, kotóy, páol).


alì

Hiligaynon

Liked, appreciated, cherished; attached to, partial to; to like, etc. Alì ko gid iníng kálò, tulún-an, pagkáon, etc. I am partial to this hat, this book, this kind of food, etc. Ginaálì or ginapakaálì ko gid iníng mga sapátos. I like these boots very much. Dáw sa dílì gid matahúm iní, ápang ginálì mo. This does not seem to be nice at all, yet you liked it. Alíon mo na lang ang bág-o nga huégo nga ginhátag sa ímo ni tíyà mo. Just try to be contented with the new suit that aunt gave you. (see lúyag, palánggà, úyon, wíli, pakamahál).


aligotó

Hiligaynon

(H) Regret, grief or pain caused by the want or loss of something; to miss, regret, feel the loss of, be sorry for the absence or loss of. A, ginaaligotoán (ginaaligotohán) ko gid ang pínggan nga nabúung! Oh, I am so sorry for the broken plate! Madámù nga mga ginikánan nagaaligotó sang galastóhon sa pagpatoón sa íla mga bátà. Many parents regret the expense of providing instruction for their children. (see ngílin, ngúsul, hílak).


alínton

Hiligaynon

To transfer, hand over, deliver to, hand down; come down to, be conveyed or transferred. Ang íya sinâ nga marágtas nagalínton sa áton sa sugíd-súgid sang mga mál-am. The history of that episode came down to us through the oral tradition of the old people. Ialínton ang baúl sa baláy. Transfer the box to the house or convey the box home. Ginalínton (ginpaalínton) ko ang ákon kasangkápan sa baláy. I transferred my equipment to the house. Ginpaalintonán kitá sang áton mga ginikánan sang íla nga mánggad. Our parents handed down to us their property. Ang mga Apóstoles nagpaalínton sa áton sing madámù nga mga kamatuóran nga walâ masulát sa sántos nga ebanhélyo. The Apostles handed down to us many truths that were not written in the gospel.


alísto

Hiligaynon

(Sp. alistar) Ready, prepared, fit for, equipped; to prepare, get ready. Alisto na kamí sa paglakát. We are now ready to march. Kon alísto na kamó nga tanán, malakát na kitá. If you are all ready, we will go now. Alistohá ang mga dalál-on (dalálhon). Get ready the things to be taken along or to be brought along. Alistohí kamí sing balónon. Make ready for us some provisions for the journey. Ialísto ko pa ang ákon maléta, kay dálhon ko sa buás. I am going to get my hand-bag ready, for I'll take it along tomorrow. (see hímos, híkot, híwat, áman).


alobó-ob

Hiligaynon

A heat-bath; to give or administer a heat-bath, to cause to perspire by means of live coals placed in a pan underneath a person sitting or standing and closely wrapped up to the chin. Ginaalobo-óban námon siá. We are giving him a heat-bath. Nagahímos akó sing bagahán nga inugpaalobó-ob sa íya. I am getting ready a brasier for administering a heat-bath to him.


alón-on

Hiligaynon

(B) To wind and double yarn or thread on a reel. Alon-oná iníng isá ka ágpang nga bunáng. Wind up and double this hank of yarn. Iníng bunáng alon-onón (ialón-on) ko sa alon-onán. This yarn I am going to wind up and pair on the doubling-machine. Ialón-on mo akó ánay siníng bunáng. Kindly double this yarn for me on the doubling machine.


álop

Hiligaynon

To plug, bung up, stop up a hole by means of a pin, bolt, wedge or the like driven in from inside or from underneath the object to be plugged or mended. Alópi ang lusóng. Plug the rice-mortar. Iálop ko iníng káhoy sa lusóng. I am going to stop up the hole in the rice-mortar with this piece of wood. (see hálop; for the cork or stopple of a bottle "súngsung" is to be used).


alót

Hiligaynon

(H) Very short-haired, shaved or with the hair cut extremely short; to cut the hair very short, to shave. Alotí akó sang ákon bohók. Cut my hair very short. Mangalót akó sang ákon búngot. I am going to shave off my beard. Mapaalót akó ánay sa manuggúnting. I am going to have my hair cut very short by the barber. Ipaalót mo ang ímo búngot sa barbéro. Get your beard shaved off by the barber. (see bulúg).


áman

Hiligaynon

To prepare, get-, make-, ready, make preparations for. Magáman ka sa paglakát. Get ready for the march. Nagáman ka na sa pagkonpesár? Have you prepared for confession? Mangáman ka! Be prepared! Be careful! Beware! Amána ang ákon higdáan. Make my bed. Amáni akó sing pagkáon. Prepare me some food. Naáman na ang tanán. Everything is ready. Iáman ko iníng hábul sa bisíta. I am going to prepare this blanket for the visitor. (see hímos, híkot, híwat).


amáno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. a mano) Quits, square, paid in full, given into the hand; to settle, square, pay in full. Amáno na kitá. We are now square. Nakaamáno na akó. I have settled my debt. Naamanóhan ko na ikáw. I have now paid you in full. Iamáno ko karón sa ímo iníng duhá ka mángmang. I am now paying you the last two pesos of my debt. (see kábis, ímpas, túmbas).


ambót

Hiligaynon

(H) I don't know, I am not aware of it, I know nothing about it. Diín si Fuláno?-Ambót. Where is N. N.?-I don't know. Ambót kon sa diín siá nagkádto. I don't know where he went to. Nagambót siá sa ákon. He answered me with: "I don't know". Indì ka magambót-or-magpangambót kon pangkotón ikáw. When you are asked don't say: "I don't know". (see ambáy, ilám).


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