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áb-ab

Hiligaynon

To eat or bite off a piece: to undermine and carry off, wash away (of water). Ab-abá lang ang tinápay kag ang mabilin nga inab-abán ihátag mo sa ímo mánghud. Just bite off a piece of bread, and give the remainder to your younger brother (sister). May katalágman nga ab-abón sang subâ ang pángpang. There is danger that the river will undermine and carry off its banks. Indì mo pag-ipaáb-ab[*] ang kárne sa idô. Do not let the dog snap at the meat. (see áp-ap, kábkab, kádkad, ríbrib).



ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


ábang

Hiligaynon

To take within range or sweep (of fire, etc.). Sang pagkasúnug sang baláy ni Fuláno naábang man ang ámon baláy. When N.N.'s house burned down, our house also was involved. Kon may súnug nga malapít sa plása, may katalágman nga abángon man sang kaláyo ang simbáhan. If a fire breaks out near the public square, there is danger that the church may also come within its destructive range. (see ánas, úmid).


abáo

Hiligaynon

An expression of joy, surprise, astonishment, admiration, sorrow, grief and pain. Oh! Ah! Alas! Hurrah! Abáo, katahúm siní nga daw lángit! Ah, how beautiful! How like heaven! Abáo nga pagkamakaloló-oy sang ákon karón nga kahimtángan! Oh the wretchedness of my present condition! May dakû nga súnug kahápon sa Ilóngílong kag madámù nga mga baláy nga dalágkù ang nagabó.-Abáo! There was a great fire yesterday in Iloilo and many large buildings were burned to ashes.-Oh, really! Ah, this is a terrible news! (see abá).


abó

Hiligaynon

Ash, ashes; to treat with ash, apply ashes, use ashes; to turn into or become ashes. Abohí ang púsud sang bátà. Treat the baby's navel with ash. Nag-*abó ang ámon baláy sa kaláyo or ginabó sang kaláyo ang ámon balay. The fire burned our house to ashes. Abohán mo ang pínggan kag báso, agúd makúhà ang kadánlug. Clean the plate and glass with ashes, so that the greasy dirt may be removed. Ang abó nga ginpát-in sa áton mga ágtang sa ádlaw nga Miérkoles de Senísa (Ceniza) amó ang abó sang mga pálua (ráamos) nga nabenditáhan sang ádlaw nga Domingo de Rámos. The ashes with which our foreheads are marked on Ash-Wednesday are the ashes of the palms blessed on Palm-Sunday. Dílì mo pag-*ipaabó sa íya iníng mga tulún-an, kay bisán dumáan na may kapuslánan pa. Don't let him burn these books, for, though they are old, they are still of use. (see ágbon).


abóngho

Hiligaynon

Anger, exasperation; to be or get angry, exasperated, excited. May abóngho or nagaabóngho si Fuláno. N. N. is angry.


abóy

Hiligaynon

Bent, curved, warped; to bend, to curve, to warp, kink. Ang mga manuglagarì nagalagárì sang káhoy sonô sang íya abóy. The sawyers are sawing the tree according to its curve. Nagaabóy ang kalát, ang mga soléras, ang bánkò, etc. The rope is kinked, the floor beams are warped, the bench is sagging in the middle, etc. Butangí ang bánkò sing duhá pa ka tiíl sa tungâ, agúd nga indì magabóy. Add two legs to the middle of the bench, so that it may not sag or bend. (see táboy, lúy-on).


abóyon

Hiligaynon

(B) Abóyon without prefix is not in use; paabóyon is employed in the sense of: To accede to one's wish, do one's bidding, let one have his will or way. Paaboyóni siá. Let him have his will. Let him do as he may see fit. Let him please himself. Ipaabóyon ko lang sa ímo iníng mga ságing nga ginapangáyò mo. I'll let you have these bananas you ask for.


ábtik

Hiligaynon

Dexterity, adroitness, skill, quickness, expertness in invention or execution; to be or become expert, adroit, dexterous, skillful. Bisán pa gánì ang búndul nga táo kon maghánas sing may kapísan magaábtik. Even a slow man, if he practises diligently, will become dexterous. Abtiká ang pagsulát. Try to write quickly. Naabtikán gid akó sang iya nga pagtahì. I was much impressed by her skill at sewing.


abút

Hiligaynon

To arrive, come to, reach, to appear on the scene. Sán-o pa ikáw magabút? When did you arrive? Sán-o ikáw magaabút? When will you come? Abutan ko ikáw karón sa ímo balay. I will come to see you presently at your home. Inabután siá sing dakû nga kahádluk. Great fear came over him. Anó ang ginapaabút mo? What are you waiting for? Paabutón ta pa ang koríyo kag ugáling magpaúlì. Let us wait for the mail to come in and then go home. Maglakát ka na sing madásig, agúd makaabút pa ikáw dídto sa napát-ud nga táknà. Now, walk quickly, that you may reach there at the appointed hour.


ábut

Hiligaynon

To reach, come up with, overtake, catch up with. Abúton ko ikáw karón. I shall soon overtake you. Dalágan ka, agúd dílì ka maábut kag sungáyon sang karabáw nga simarón. Run, lest the wild buffalo should catch and toss you. Básì maábut mo pa siá sa dálan. Possibly you may overtake him yet on the road. Nagabút gid siá, ápang walâ makaábut sang misa. He arrived, indeed, but too late for hearing Mass. (Literally: "----, but he could not reach Mass).


adá-áda

Hiligaynon

To receive in trust, to acquire with the prospect of ultimate ownership, to have some property provisionally settled on oneself during the lifetime of the testator (especially applied to lands distributed to their children by parents with the stipulation that the parents retain the ownership as long as they live, and may at any time change the previous arrangement). Nagaadá-áda siá siníng (or ginaadá-áda níya iní nga) bántud sámtang (miéntras) buhì ang íya ginikánan. This enclosed field is in his possession or administration during the lifetime of his parent (with the promise of ultimate ownership after the death of his parent). Ginpaadá-adahán níya ang íya mga anák sing mga dútà. He distributed some lands among his children.


ágad

Hiligaynon

To serve, especially applied to prospective husbands serving for their betrothed. Nagapangágad na siá dídto. He is serving there for his betrothed. May batásan silá nga ang mga laláki mangágad or magpangágad sa baláy sang íla pangasáw-on (nga íla pangasáw-an). They have the custom that the men should serve in the house of their intended wives (of their future parents-in-law). The Freq. pangágad is mostly used; ágad without the prefix pang occurs in umágad-son-in-law.


agáy-ay

Hiligaynon

Decomposition, rottenness, decay, blight, produced by the action of small worms, vermin, insects, parasites (both vegetable and animal), the decayed parts frequently being turned into powder. Also used as a verb. May agáy-ay or ginaagáy-ay ang káhoy, bugás, tápì, salúg, etc. The wood-, rice-, board-, floor-, is worm-eaten. Igátong na lang ang inagáy-ay nga káhoy. Use the worm-eaten timber for firewood. Ang kadiós inagay-ayán na man. The black peas have also become infested with blight.


agóp-op

Hiligaynon

Mouldiness, mustiness, mould. Also used as a verb. Iníng tinápay may agóp-op or ginaagóp-op. This bread is mouldy. Indì akó kaúyon sang tinápay nga inagóp-op or inagop-opán. I do not like to eat musty or mouldy bread. Indì mo pagpaagóp-opón ang tinápay, kán-on, dólse, etc. Do not let the bread, rice, sweetmeats, etc. become mildewed or musty.


ágsa

Hiligaynon

To work another's fields for part of the produce. Agsa ko lang iníng umá. I work this farm only as a tenant. Sín-o ang ginaagsahán mo? Who is the owner of your leasehold? Ang agsadór ko amó ang nagaágsa sang ákon dútà. My tenant is the one who works my farm. Ginapaágsa níya ang íya dútà sa isá ka salalígan nga agsadór. He let his land on lease to a trustworthy tenant. Kon may lúyag ka ipaágsa ko sa ímo ang ákon umá. If you like, I'll let you have my farm in tenure by lease. Agsahí siá. Become his tenant. Take his land in tenure by lease. Take some of his land on lease.


ágsik

Hiligaynon

To fly off, scatter, spray, splash, bespatter. Sang pagbí-al ko sang káhoy ang mga inágsap nagágsik sa malayô. When I split the wood, the chips flew to a distance. Naagsikán akó sang lúnang. I got bespattered with mud. Indì ka magpalapít dirâ, kay básì maagsikán ka sing binílbig nga bató. Don't go near there, for you may be hit by a flying piece of stone. Paagsiká ang bató. Let the stone-chips fly. (see ásang, ásik, ápok, lásik).


agúd

Hiligaynon

That, in order that, so that; agúd índì or agúd dílì-lest, in order that not. Magtoón kamó, agúd magálam. Study, that you may become learned. Basáha ang tulún-an sing matalupángdon, agúd ímo masáyran ang ginabása mo. Read the book with attention, in order that you may understand what you read. Kápti ang alobáybay, agúd índì ka mahúlog. Keep hold of the handrail, lest you should fall down. Amligí ang pagdalá mo siníng báso, agúd dílì mabúong. Carry this glass with care, in order that it may not break. N.B. The particle "nga" is frequently added to agúd (agúd nga, agúd nga dílì, etc.), but it may be left out without change of meaning.


agutílò

Hiligaynon

Resentment, grudge, ill-will, antipathy; to have-, entertain-, harbour-, a grudge, etc. May agutílò or nagaagutílò siá sa ákon. He has a grudge against me. (see aligótgot, kasíb-ot).


áhao

Hiligaynon

Newly harvested rice. Karón may áhao na nga ginatíg-ang. There is new rice now being cooked or there is now new rice to cook. Ang áhao dílì maúkad. New rice does not swell much (when boiled).


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