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mo

Hiligaynon

Your, yours, thy, thine, of you, of yours (singular); by or through you (thee). (see ímo, nímo and see ákon).



a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


áb-ab

Hiligaynon

To eat or bite off a piece: to undermine and carry off, wash away (of water). Ab-abá lang ang tinápay kag ang mabilin nga inab-abán ihátag mo sa ímo mánghud. Just bite off a piece of bread, and give the remainder to your younger brother (sister). May katalágman nga ab-abón sang subâ ang pángpang. There is danger that the river will undermine and carry off its banks. Indì mo pag-ipaáb-ab[*] ang kárne sa idô. Do not let the dog snap at the meat. (see áp-ap, kábkab, kádkad, ríbrib).


abá

Hiligaynon

(B) The back, shoulder-blades, scapula; the breast of a bird, especially of a fowl; to carry on the back, put on the back. Ibutáng mo iníng bayóong sa abá sang karabáw. Put this bag on the buffalo's back. Toktoká ang abá sang manók. Chop up the breast of the chicken. Ginpaabá akó níya sa pagtabók sa subâ. He carried me on his back across the river. Paábhan mo siá. Get hold of his back. Grasp him behind by the shoulders. (see likód, talúdtud, dúghan, pétso, tíbong, patíbong).


abága

Hiligaynon

The shoulder; to shoulder, carry on the shoulder. Dálha lang iní sa abága mo or abagáha lang ini. Carry this on your shoulder. Malápad ang íya abága or malápad siá sing abága. He has broad shoulders, (see pangabága).


ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


ábat

Hiligaynon

To follow, go after (frequently with the meaning implied of summoning or calling back). Abáta siá. Follow him (and tell him to come back). Summon him. Ipaábat ko siá sa kay Hosé. I shall send Joseph after him. Iábat mo ang bátà sa íya ilóy. Take the child after its mother. Paabáti si Andres sa kay Pédro or ipaábat si Andres sa kay Pédro. Order Peter to go after or call Andrew. Nagpaábat siá sa ákon sing kabáyo. He sent a horse after me. (see ápas, sunúd, tawág).


abáy

Hiligaynon

(B) To join, enter, associate with, take to, mingle. Nagabáy na siá sa pagkapánday, pagkamangangawáy, etc. He has now taken to carpentry, has cast in his lot with the soldiery, etc. Dî mo pagiabáy ang ngálan sang Diós sa mga sugilánon nga kalibutánon. Do not mingle the name of God in worldly conversation. Indì mo pagábyan ang mga dîmatárung. Do not join with, associate with, wicked men. Abyí siá. Join him. Become his companion or associate. Ipa-*abáy mo ang ímo nga anák sa mga kaupdánan nga maáyo sing pamatásan. See that your child associates with companions of good behaviour. (see ábian, ábyan).


abáyan

Hiligaynon

Liable to fall under a spell by which a benefit is changed into its opposite evil. Indì mo pagsingganán ang bátà nga matámbok siá, kay básì abáyan. Don't tell the child that it is fat, because it might fall under an evil spell (and become lean or sick). N. B. This is a superstition. It is likely that after "abáyan" "sang áswang" is understood.


ábi

Hiligaynon

For instance, for example; to imagine, think, say. Hunâhunáon ta, ábi, nga-. Let us imagine, for example, that-. Kon magmasakít ikáw, ábi, ánhon mo? If you should get sick, say, what would you do? Anó, ábi, ang mahanabû kon-? What do you think will happen, if-? Also used ironically and sarcastically, especially in the phrase: Abi mo? Do you really think so? implying that he who thinks so is quite wrong, very imprudent, foolish, and the like.


abír

Hiligaynon

(Sp. a ver) Let us see. Let us have a try. Hóo, abír, kon makabúhat ka sinâ. Yes, let us see, whether you can do that. (see tan-awón, ta, ipakítà, mo, tilawán, ta, etc.).


abíso

Hiligaynon

(Sp. aviso) Notice, information; to give notice, to send word, to notify, to inform. Abíso! Notice! Attention! Abisóhi siá sang kamatáyon ni Fuláno. Inform him that N.N. is dead. Paabisóhan mo siá sang pagabút dirí sang íya amáy or ipaabíso mo sa íya nga nagabút dirí ang íya amáy. Send him word (through somebody else) of the arrival here of his father or that his father has arrived here. (see balítà, pahibaló, pasáyod, paálam, paáman, paándam, pamáan, etc.).


abláy

Hiligaynon

(B) Shawl, covering for the shoulders and back; to use or wear a shawl. Tan-awá yanáng babáye nga nagaabláy. Look at that woman wearing a shawl. Pagaablayón ko gid iníng bunáng. I will certainly work this yarn up into a shawl. Iabláy lang iníng hábul, kay mátugnaw. Just use this blanket as a shawl, for it is cold. Ablayí ang bátà, agúd indì mapás-* mo sa matúgnaw nga hángin. Put a shawl around the child, lest it should catch a cold in the chilly air. Paablayí silá. Provide them with shawls. Put some shawls at their disposal, (see abrígo, kúnop).


abó

Hiligaynon

Ash, ashes; to treat with ash, apply ashes, use ashes; to turn into or become ashes. Abohí ang púsud sang bátà. Treat the baby's navel with ash. Nag-*abó ang ámon baláy sa kaláyo or ginabó sang kaláyo ang ámon balay. The fire burned our house to ashes. Abohán mo ang pínggan kag báso, agúd makúhà ang kadánlug. Clean the plate and glass with ashes, so that the greasy dirt may be removed. Ang abó nga ginpát-in sa áton mga ágtang sa ádlaw nga Miérkoles de Senísa (Ceniza) amó ang abó sang mga pálua (ráamos) nga nabenditáhan sang ádlaw nga Domingo de Rámos. The ashes with which our foreheads are marked on Ash-Wednesday are the ashes of the palms blessed on Palm-Sunday. Dílì mo pag-*ipaabó sa íya iníng mga tulún-an, kay bisán dumáan na may kapuslánan pa. Don't let him burn these books, for, though they are old, they are still of use. (see ágbon).


abohón

Hiligaynon

Ashy, full of-, covered with-, ashes. Abáw, abohón gid ang ólo mo. Oh, your head is covered with-, full of-, ashes. Ang manók nga abohón amó ang nagítlog. The grey hen is the one that laid the egg.


abóyon

Hiligaynon

(B) Abóyon without prefix is not in use; paabóyon is employed in the sense of: To accede to one's wish, do one's bidding, let one have his will or way. Paaboyóni siá. Let him have his will. Let him do as he may see fit. Let him please himself. Ipaabóyon ko lang sa ímo iníng mga ságing nga ginapangáyò mo. I'll let you have these bananas you ask for.


abúd

Hiligaynon

(B) Hem, edge; to hem, or edge garments by doubling and sewing. Abdi ang kamiséta ko or butangán mo sing abúd ang ákon kamiséta. Hem my shirt. (see sidsid, pilô, píod, dóble).


abúso

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abuso) Abuse, wrong-doing, impropriety, reprehensible conduct, bad custom; to abuse, beguile, cheat, misuse. A, abúso gid inâ. Oh, that is a bad custom. Ah, that is very improper. Dílì mo pagabusóhan ang ímo isigkatáo. Don't cheat your fellow-man.


abút

Hiligaynon

To arrive, come to, reach, to appear on the scene. Sán-o pa ikáw magabút? When did you arrive? Sán-o ikáw magaabút? When will you come? Abutan ko ikáw karón sa ímo balay. I will come to see you presently at your home. Inabután siá sing dakû nga kahádluk. Great fear came over him. Anó ang ginapaabút mo? What are you waiting for? Paabutón ta pa ang koríyo kag ugáling magpaúlì. Let us wait for the mail to come in and then go home. Maglakát ka na sing madásig, agúd makaabút pa ikáw dídto sa napát-ud nga táknà. Now, walk quickly, that you may reach there at the appointed hour.


ábut

Hiligaynon

To reach, come up with, overtake, catch up with. Abúton ko ikáw karón. I shall soon overtake you. Dalágan ka, agúd dílì ka maábut kag sungáyon sang karabáw nga simarón. Run, lest the wild buffalo should catch and toss you. Básì maábut mo pa siá sa dálan. Possibly you may overtake him yet on the road. Nagabút gid siá, ápang walâ makaábut sang misa. He arrived, indeed, but too late for hearing Mass. (Literally: "----, but he could not reach Mass).


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