Search result(s) - ákon

ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".



ákon

Hiligaynon

To appropriate or acquire for oneself in the first person. Akónon ko iníng dútà. I'll appropriate this land, I'll make this land my own. Ginákon ko lang iní. I appropriated this for myself.


a

Hiligaynon

Ah, Oh, Well, Why. A, amó gid inâ. Ah, that is it, certainly. A, ikáw galî ang nagabút. Oh, it is you, that have come. A, bayái (pabayái) lang ang mga bátà dirâ. Well, leave the children there alone. A, pagkaláut sang ákon kapaláran! Oh, how unfortunate I am! A, indì ka magsapák sinâ. Why, don't take any notice of it. (see ah).


ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


abáo

Hiligaynon

An expression of joy, surprise, astonishment, admiration, sorrow, grief and pain. Oh! Ah! Alas! Hurrah! Abáo, katahúm siní nga daw lángit! Ah, how beautiful! How like heaven! Abáo nga pagkamakaloló-oy sang ákon karón nga kahimtángan! Oh the wretchedness of my present condition! May dakû nga súnug kahápon sa Ilóngílong kag madámù nga mga baláy nga dalágkù ang nagabó.-Abáo! There was a great fire yesterday in Iloilo and many large buildings were burned to ashes.-Oh, really! Ah, this is a terrible news! (see abá).


ábat

Hiligaynon

To follow, go after (frequently with the meaning implied of summoning or calling back). Abáta siá. Follow him (and tell him to come back). Summon him. Ipaábat ko siá sa kay Hosé. I shall send Joseph after him. Iábat mo ang bátà sa íya ilóy. Take the child after its mother. Paabáti si Andres sa kay Pédro or ipaábat si Andres sa kay Pédro. Order Peter to go after or call Andrew. Nagpaábat siá sa ákon sing kabáyo. He sent a horse after me. (see ápas, sunúd, tawág).


abí-ábi

Hiligaynon

Greetings, salutations, regards; to greet, salute, shake hands with; to treat or receive hospitably. Ginapadalá ko sa ínyo ang ákon abí-ábi. I send you my regards. Sa íla nga tanán ang ákon pagabí-ábi kag pagtáhud. To all of them I tender my greetings and respect. Abí-abíha siá. Salute him. Shake hands with him. Treat him well or hospitably. (see aláw, tátap, támyaw, támiaw).


abisár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. avisar) To advise, send notice, notify, inform. Nagabisár ka sa íya? Did you inform him? Magsálig ka sa ákon, magaabisár gid akó sa íya. Trust me, I will certainly notify him. N. B. Abisár seems to be in use only in the active voice; for the passive abíso is commonly used.


abonár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abonar) To advance, loan, let have-, allow-, on credit. Abonahí akó ánay sing napúlò ka pisos. Advance me ten pesos. Iabonár lang ánay sa ákon iníng mga sapátos. Let me have these boots on credit. Ipaabonár lang sa íya ang íya mga kilinahanglánon. Let him have on credit whatever he needs, (see paútang, pahulám).


ábong

Hiligaynon

On the windward side, not under the lee, open or exposed to the wind; to be or become exposed to the wind, etc. Ang ákon hulút ábong sa amíhan. My room is open to the north wind. Ginaabóngan sang habágat ang ámon kalán-an. Our refectory or dining-room is exposed to the south wind. Sádto ánay nalípdan sang kawáyan ang ákon kwárto, ápang karón, kay natapás na ang kawáyan, nagábong sa hángin. Formerly my room was sheltered behind bamboos, but now that the bamboos are cut down, it has become exposed to the wind, (see ámbi-open to the rain; abansáda).


abóno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abono) Manure, fertilizer; to manure. Abonóhi ang umá. Manure the field. Ipaabóno ko sa ímo ang ákon umá, kon makasugtánay kitá sa nahanungúd sang isóhol ko sa ímo. I'll let you manure my field, if we can come to an agreement as to how much I have to pay you in wages, (see lambón).


aborído

Hiligaynon

(Sp. aburrido) Worried, vexed, uneasy, disturbed, upset; to be-, become-, worried, etc. Tungúd siná ganî nagaborído akó. Just on that account I got upset. Ginpaaborído akó sináng kasábà. That lawsuit worries me. Nagpaaborído siá sa ákon. He vexed or worried me. (see palibúg, palíntong, sang, ólo).


abúd

Hiligaynon

(B) Hem, edge; to hem, or edge garments by doubling and sewing. Abdi ang kamiséta ko or butangán mo sing abúd ang ákon kamiséta. Hem my shirt. (see sidsid, pilô, píod, dóble).


ádat

Hiligaynon

Acridity, pungency, sharpness, bitterness; to be or become sour, sharp, bitter, hot, biting, acid, pungent, acrid. Ang nagakáon sing búnga nga línghod sang kabúgaw maadátan. He who eats unripe fruit of a pomelo tree will find it very bitter. Ang sabór siníng kabúgaw nagpaádat sang ákon dílà. The taste of this pomelo was like acid on my tongue. Naadátan ang tutúnlan ko. I feel a biting in my throat. (árat id.).


adelantár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adelantar) To promote, ameliorate, introduce progressive methods or modern inventions; to advance, put on. Adelantahí akó ánay sing kwárta. Advance me some money. Paadelantahá ang taknáan (relóh) sing napúlò ka minuto. Put on the clock ten minutes. Kon magadelantár ikáw sa ákon sing napúlò ka mángmang magakosinéro mo akó. If you advance me ten pesos I am willing to become your cook.


adí

Hiligaynon

Give me. Hand me. Let me have a look. Adí, tan-awón ko. Bring it here, I'll have a look at it. Adí, ákon inâ. Hand that to me, it is mine. Adí ang lápis sang ákon útod. Give me my brother's pencil. (adí is probably a contraction of "dálha dirí"-"Bring it here").


adiós

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adios) God bless you. God speed you. Good-bye. Farewell. Also used as a verb, mostly with pa-. Nagpaadiós siá sa ákon or ginpaadiosán níya akó. He bade me good-bye. Ihátag mo iní sa íya nga ipaadiós ko sa íya. Give him this from me as a farewell keepsake. (see paálam).


agád

Hiligaynon

Notwithstanding, in spite of, still, but yet, contrary to what one would expect, in defiance of all one would be led to believe. Nagpaninguhâ siá gid sa pagmánggad, agád namúsmus siá. He made great efforts to get rich, and yet he became very poor. Agád ginamligán ko ang ákon pagtikáng sa madánlug nga dálan, tapát gánì nakadúpyas akó. Although I carefully picked my steps on the slippery road, yet I slipped. Agád ginahingabút ang Sánta Iglesia sang íya mga kaáway, tapát gánì nagadúgang ang mga tumulóo. In spite of the fact that Holy Church is being persecuted by her enemies, her faithful adherents increase. Agád nahúlug akó. In spite of all I fell down. Agád napatáy siá! Yet he died! Who would have thought that he would die! (see tapát, hinonó-o).


ágao

Hiligaynon

To seize, take by force, usurp, snatch away from another. Indì mo pagagáwon ang íya sang ibán. Do not take what belongs to another. Ginágaw níla ang íya dútà. They took the land away from him by force. Inagáwan akó níla sang ákon bántud nga dídto sa bakólod. They seized my plot of enclosed farmland there on the hill. Agáwa sa íya ang binángon. Snatch the bolo away from him. Ang mga bátà nagainágaw sang tinápay. The children are fighting or scrambling for the bread. Tabúga iníng idô nga malúyag magágaw sang báboy sa bátà. Drive off this dog that wants to snatch away the pork from the child. Inágaw nga háyup, bátà, etc. Stolen cattle, a kidnapped baby, etc.


ágbon

Hiligaynon

(H) Fine ashes, cigar-ash; to be converted into ashes. Ang ákon abáno nagágbon na. My cigar is converted into ashes. Pilá ka abáno ang ginaágbon mo sa isá ka ádlaw? How many cigars do you convert into ashes in the course of one day? (see abó).


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