Search result(s) - níla

níla

Hiligaynon

(H) Their, theirs; by or through them; silá níla, silá íla, or silá sing íla--. They on their part--. (see íla and see ákon).



a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


áblang

Hiligaynon

(B) Width, breadth, to widen, broaden, to make wide or wider. Sádto ánay makitíd ang dálan, karón nagáblang na. Formerly the road was narrow, now it has widened. Gináblang níla ang plása. They widened the public square. Ginpaáblang níla ang plása. They have had the public square widened. Sogóa ang pánday nga ablangón níya ang lamísa. Order the carpenter to make the table wider. Naablangán akó siníng takúd. This shutter (door, etc.) is too broad for me, or appears to me to be very broad or too broad. (see lápad).


abusár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abusar) Misuse, abuse; to misuse, abuse. Nagabusár siá sang kaálwan sang íya tíà. She abused the generosity of her aunt. Ayáw pagabusahí ang íya kaáyo. For God's sake, don't abuse her goodness. Ginabusahán níla ang íya kalólot. They took advantage of his kindness.


ágao

Hiligaynon

To seize, take by force, usurp, snatch away from another. Indì mo pagagáwon ang íya sang ibán. Do not take what belongs to another. Ginágaw níla ang íya dútà. They took the land away from him by force. Inagáwan akó níla sang ákon bántud nga dídto sa bakólod. They seized my plot of enclosed farmland there on the hill. Agáwa sa íya ang binángon. Snatch the bolo away from him. Ang mga bátà nagainágaw sang tinápay. The children are fighting or scrambling for the bread. Tabúga iníng idô nga malúyag magágaw sang báboy sa bátà. Drive off this dog that wants to snatch away the pork from the child. Inágaw nga háyup, bátà, etc. Stolen cattle, a kidnapped baby, etc.


agáp

Hiligaynon

To rise early, be early at work, to do early in the morning, anticipate. Agapí ang pagarádo. Be early at the ploughing. Rise early in the morning for the ploughing. Agapá ang pagbúhat sinâ. Do it early in the morning. Gina-*agapán nila ang pagpangítà sing mga tulún-an, bisán madúgay pa ang pagbukás sang mga buluthúan. They are already looking for books, though the opening of the schools is still a long while off. (see pamúka).


agwása

Hiligaynon

(Sp. guasa, guason) Lively, cheerful, good-humoured; to be lively or of a cheerful disposition; to flow freely; to exude, to break forth, particularly applied to matter or pus oozing out of a wound, ulcer or boil. Ang komód nga táo dílì agwása. A man inclined to retirement and silence is not of a lively disposition. Nagaagwása na ang hubág. Pus is now flowing from the tumour. Ginapaagwása níla ang hubág. They are using remedies to cause the pus to flow from the tumour. Paagwasáha ang hubág. Make the tumour (by pressure, etc.) discharge its matter. Ipaagwása akó ánay sang ákon hubág sa lí-og. Kindly remove the matter (by pressure, poultices, etc.) from the tumour on my neck. Si Fuláno dúro gid kaagwása sa íya mga sugilánon. N.N. is very cheerful in his talk. N.N. is a chatterbox.


ahát

Hiligaynon

To do something prematurely, before the regular or proper time or even against one's inclination. Ahatá lang ang pagpópò sang páhò. Pluck the mango, even though it is not yet quite ripe. Ginaahát níla ang ságing nga línghod. They are eating unripe bananas. Ahatón mo ang buót mo sa paglakát, bisan índì ka malúyag. Make up your mind to go, although you do not like to. Masakít karón ang íya solóksolók, kay man gin-*ahát níya ang mga sirig-wélas nga hiláw. Of course he has stomach-ache, he has eaten green plums.


ahíg-ahíg

Hiligaynon

To treat with neglect, to disregard, pay no attention to, to ignore, take no heed or account of, to put aside contemptuously. Ginaahíg-ahíg níla ang mga manák. They are neglecting their stepchildren. Ahíg-ahigá lang inâ. Simply ignore it or treat it with contempt or pass it over without notice. (see ihíg-ihíg id.; ihíd, pabayâ, pabíyà, támay).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alintagá

Hiligaynon

A step, rung or round of a ladder; a stair of a flight of stairs or of a staircase; to do something step by step, leisurely, with pauses, with delays, interruptions or intervals. Ang hágdan sang ámon baláy may napúlò ka alintagá. The ladder of our house has ten steps. Indì ka magalintagá kon magsúgid ka sinâ sa íya, kóndì dayúnon mo gid ang ímo paghámbal. Don't use broken, hesitating language, when you recount that to him, but tell him what you have got to say in a coherent manner. Ginalintagá níla ang pagpatíndog sang baláy. They built the house slowly, step by step. (see halíngtang, halíntang id.).


alóghog

Hiligaynon

A running line, any rope or string, attached by means of rings or a channel, through which it passes, to a garment, curtain, fishing-net or the like; any other material used in a similar way and for the same purpose; to attach or provide such a rope, etc. Aloghogí ang puróy mo. Put a running string to your short breeches. Ialóghog ang písì. Put the cord through its channel (or rings, as the case may be). Ialóghog ang alóghog sa íya nga aloghogán. Thread the cord through the rings, blocks, tubes, hem, etc. Ginpakábit níla ang kúmbong sa lúbid nga. inogalóghog (inalóghog). They hung up the curtain on a running rope. (see halóghog id. and the more usual form).


alók-alók

Hiligaynon

Desultory, rambling, passing from one thing or work to another and not completing any; to work by fits and starts, to do something in a desultory manner. Alók-alók nga pangóbra inâ. That is a poor, jerky way of working. Abáw, natápus na galî ang baláy nga ginalók-alók níla sa sulúd siníng limá ka túig. Why! They have actually finished the house at which they have been busy by fits and starts these last five years. Indì mo pagpaalók-alokón ang mga táo sa íla trabáho. Don't allow the men to slacken at their work. (see aláng-álang).


alungáy

Hiligaynon

An insistent request, solicitation, petition; to importune, to ask earnestly, to solicit, petition, request. Alungayá inâ sa kay nánay. Ask mother for it. Alungayá sa kay nánay mo ang súbong sinâ nga hampangánan. Ask your mother for a plaything like that. Ialungáy mo akó sa kay tátay nga tugútan níya akó sa pagkádto sa Ilóngílong. Please ask father for me to let me go to Iloilo. Inalungayán níla akó siníng mga páhò. They kept asking me for some of these mangoes. Ginalungayán níya si tátay túbtub nga nakadángat siá sang íya ginahándum. He begged hard of father till he obtained his wish. (see ahâ, pangáyò).


álwag

Hiligaynon

Width, wideness, breadth, broadness, spaciousness; to be or become spacious, wide, large, extensive, broad. Nagálwag na iníng sála, kay ginísol níla ang díngding. This reception room has become large, for they have set back the partition-wall. (see áblang, lápad, álway, hanáhay, áwhag).


ámbit

Hiligaynon

Participation, share, part; to participate, have a part or share in. Húo, magaámbit gid akó sinâ nga bínhì. Yes, I shall certainly get a share of that seed-grain. Paambitá akó sinâ nga bínhì. Let me have a share of that seed-grain. Húo, kon malúyag ka, ipaámbit ko sa ímo ang isá ka pásong sináng bínhì. Yes, if you wish, I'll let you have a bushel of that seed-grain. Ang tanán nga mga táo malúyag magámbit (maghiámbit, magpanghiámbit) sang lángit. All men wish to get a place in heaven-or-to participate in the joys of heaven. Naambitán ko man ang maáyo níla nga kapaláran. I also participated in their good luck. Paambití sa íya iníng mga páhò. Let him have a share of these mangoes, (see áyap, ámò, báhin, lábut).


amoláw

Hiligaynon

(B) To keep vigil, watch, keep or remain awake, to watch over or by. Nagamoláw silá sa masakít or ginamolawán níla ang masakít. They watched by the sick person during the night. Iamoláw akó ánay siníng masakít nga bátà. Please watch over this sick child for me. Ipaamoláw ko ikáw sa íya. I'll let you watch by him during the night (see puláw, alígmat).


amolít

Hiligaynon

To harm, damage, injure, spite, do mischief to. Indì ka magamolít sa ákon-or-índì mo akó pagamolitán. Don't do me any harm. Don't harm me. Ginamolitán níla ang íya mga tanúm. They did damage to his plants out of spite. Sarìsárì ang mga pahítò nga íla gingámit sa pagamolít sang íya pangabúhì. They used various means to make his life miserable. Madámù nga mga pagbutángbútang ang íla ginamolít sa íya. They resorted to many calumnies in order to harm him. Inamolitán níla ang íya kalubihán. They spitefully damaged his coconut-plantation. (see dáut, tístis, panístis).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


ándam

Hiligaynon

Caution, wariness, carefulness, prudence, circumspection; to be cautious, to beware, to be careful, wary, circumspect. Andamá ang pagkapút sang báso, agúd índì makapalús sa kamót mo. Grasp the glass carefully, lest it should slip out of your hand. Andamí iníng báso. Handle this glass with care. Paandamí sa íla iníng karabáw, kay palasúngay. Let them beware of this buffalo, for it tosses. Iándam akó ánay siníng báso. Kindly take care of this glass for me. Inandamán níla gid ang síngsing, agúd índì madúlà. They were very careful with the ring, lest it should be lost. Ipaándam ko sa ímo iníng taknáan. I entrust this watch to your care. Andam ka! Beware! Be on your guard! Look out! (see anám-anám, tagám).


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