Search result(s) - nákon

nákon

Hiligaynon

(H) See ákon, ko.



ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


áni

Hiligaynon

The rice-harvest; to harvest rice by means of a small rice-cutter called a "kayóg". Magaáni kamí sa buás. We will harvest rice tomorrow. Ania or ánya ang humáy mo, kay gúlang na. Harvest your rice, for it is ripe. Iníng talámnan sang maís ginánian or ginányan ko sang duhá ka búlan. I got a crop of rice from this corn-field two months ago. Mangáni or manganíhan pa kamí. We are going to work at harvesting rice. Indì mo pagpaaníhon ang mga táo sa ádlaw nga Domíngo kon waláy kabangdánan nga dakû. Don't order-, permit-, the people to harvest rice on Sunday without grave reason. Ginpaáni ko sa íla ang tungâ sang ákon humáy kag ang tungâ ginpagálab ko sa íla. I let them harvest one half of my rice with the rice-cutter (kayóg), and one half I ordered them to cut with the sickle. Indì na nákon pag-ipaáni sa táo ang ákon talámnan, kóndì ipagálab ko lang, kay pagahimúslan ko man ang dagámi. I will no longer permit the harvesters to cut the rice on my field with the kayóg, but I will order them to cut it with the sickle, for then I shall get some profit out of the straw as well. (see alányon, alaníhon-rice to be harvested).


dimát

Hiligaynon

To attract, draw, induce, win, win over, propitiate, conciliate, gain over, attach to, entice, allure, charm, fascinate, captivate, cause a liking for, coax, wheedle, cajole, Nadimát na siá sang káon sang tinápay. He has now a liking for eating bread. He has taken to eating bread. Ginpadimát níya ang idô ni Fuláno sa pagkarí dirí. He enticed N.N.'s dog to come here. Iníng bungálon ipadimát ko sa karabáw nga bág-o pa lang nákon mabakál. I am going to win the attachment of the buffalo I bought lately with this green fodder. Padimatá gid ang kuríng, agúd índì na magbálik sa íya nga ginhalinán. Make it worth while for the cat to stay with you, lest it should return whence it came-or-lest it should go back to where it came from. Makapadimát gid sa íya dirá ang maáyo nga hángin. The good air there will please (conciliate) him. Nadimát siá sang báile, sang sakáy sa áwto, etc. He likes to dance, to travel by automobile, etc. (see amág, ílà, íma, lúyag, úyon, wíli, yánggaw).


duhá-dúha

Hiligaynon

Doubt, indecision, wavering, vacillation, hesitation; to doubt, hesitate, waver, be undecided, be in a dilemma,-a quandary,-suspense, to vacillate, to question. Sa walâ sing duhádúha --. Doubtless, without doubt --. Indì ka magduhádúha siní. Have no doubt about this, be sure of this. Anó pa ang ginaduhádúha mo? What are you still hesitating, vacillating, doubting about? Why are you still wavering? Anó ang ginaduháduháan mo? What is it you are doubtful of or undecided about? Seguróha gid ang ímo hunâhúnà, índì mo pagduháduháon. Be firmly convinced, don't permit any doubts to enter your mind. Walâ na nákon pagaduháduhái ang íya sinâ nga kamatuóran, ápang nagaduhádúha pa akó kon mabúut balá ukón índì ang pagpasilabút sa amó nga mga butáng. I do not any longer doubt the truth of it, but I am still undecided as to whether it is prudent or not to interfere in such things. Duhádúha na gid kon maabút pa siá karón, kay gáb-i na. It is very doubtful whether he will come now that it is dark.


hulám

Hiligaynon

(H) Borrowing; to borrow, get a loan, raise money. Nakahulám siá sang ákon kwárta. He borrowed money from me. Pahulamá akó sang ímo kwárta. Lend me some money. Hulamí akó sing pílak kay Fuláno. Get me an accommodation from N.N. Ipahulám sa ákon ang ímo karabáw karón sa hápon. Let me have (let me have a lend of) your buffalo for this afternoon. Sa karón índì nákon ikáw mapahulám sing kwárta, kay balasúbas akó gid. For the present I cannot advance you money, because I am completely out of cash. Indì ka maghulám kag índì ka magpahulám. Neither borrower nor lender be. Ang amó nga pílak saráng mapahulám sa íla. That money can be given them as a loan, (they can borrow that money). (see língit, útang, ángkat).


ko

Hiligaynon

Mine, of me, etc. (See ákon, nákon).


lípay

Hiligaynon

To gladden, cheer, rejoice, delight, give joy or pleasure to, console, solace, comfort, animate, raise the spirits. Nagalípay sa ákon sing dakû iníng sulát ni nánay. Mother's letter gives me great pleasure. Ginkalipáyan ko gid ang pagabút mo dirí sa ámon. I am glad that you have come here to us. Dílì mo igkalípay ang mga kalisúd sang ímo isigkatáo. Don't gloat over-or-take pleasure in, the troubles of your fellow-men. Walâ nákon pagkalipáyi ang pagtámbong dídto sa nahíwat nga sáut. I did not enjoy taking part in the dance that was arranged there. Lipáya ang útud mo. Cheer up your brother. Nagakalípay akó. I am glad. (see sádya, lúyag, wíli, bangá, lingáw, etc.).


lúad

Hiligaynon

To spit out, cast out of the mouth, eject (unpalatable food, etc.). Ilúad lang ang mapaít nga búnga. Spit out the bitter fruit. Maglúad ka lang sang mga pásì-or-Ilúad mo lang ang mga pásì. Simply spit out the unhulled rice. Indì mo pagluádan sang ímo minamâ ang salúg, kóndì ilúad mo sa bintánà. Don't spit your betelnut quid on the floor, but spit it out of the window. Gintilawán ko iníng kárne kag dáyon nákon ginlúad sa bintánà, kay támà katíg-a. I tasted this meat and immediately spit it out of the window, for it was extremely tough. Sín-o ang nagdúplà dirí kag naglúad sang íya tilád? Who has been spitting and spirting his betelnut juice here? (see dúplà, dulâ, durâ, súka, panúka, súgpà, kúghad, pangúghad).


nangá

Hiligaynon

A kind of thick rattan stick, rod, cane. Kon magbúhat ka sinâ liwán, sàsaón gid nákon ang isá ka nangá sa ímo talúdtud (likód). If you do that again, I shall give you a good caning. (see bilogón, tagsáon, náwì).


ósngad

Hiligaynon

To force air through the nose, as done by one who dislikes a smell, to snort. Nagaósngad siá, kay dílì níya maíro ang báhò sináng mga siápò. He is blowing through his nose, for he cannot stand the smell of those crushed sugarcane stalks. Ginosngarán nákon ang báhò sináng mga ísdà. The smell of that fish made me snort. (see úsngad, púsnga).


ósngad

Hiligaynon

To force air through the nose, as done by one who dislikes a smell, to snort. Nagaósngad siá, kay dílì níya maíro ang báhò sináng mga siápò. He is blowing through his nose, for he cannot stand the smell of those crushed sugarcane stalks. Ginosngarán nákon ang báhò sináng mga ísdà. The smell of that fish made me snort. (see úsngad, púsnga).


padúl-ong

Hiligaynon

To send, transmit, have transported or conveyed, despatch, forward, remit, order to take, bring, carry, ship. Ipadúl-ong mo iníng maléta nákon sa Ilóngílong. Send this handbag of mine to Iloilo. Padul-ongí akó dirí sing yélo. Send some ice to me here. Padul-ongá siá sang ákon pinutús sa baláy. Let him take my parcel to the house. Ipadúl-ong ko sa ímo ang tátlo ka sáko nga kalámay sa Manílà. I am going to forward three sacks of sugar to Manila through you. (pa, dúl-ong).


sabát

Hiligaynon

Answer, reply, return, rejoinder, retort, repartee, response; to answer, reply, rebut, retort, rejoin, respond. Sábta (sabatá) akó. Answer me. Sumabát siá sa ákon nga--. He replied to me saying that--. Walâ pa nákon mabáton ang íya sabát. I have not yet received his answer. Nagáway (Nagbagâ) silá kag maláwig ang íla pagsinabtánay. They quarrelled and bandied words for a long time. Walâ kitá sing isabát sa íya sinâ. We have nothing to say in reply to him regarding that matter i.e. he is quite right, we have no excuse or reasonable argument against him. Sábta siá sang íya ginapamángkot. Answer his question. Sinabát ko siá nga--. I answered him saying that--. (see bálus).


kanákon

Hiligaynon

(B) To me, etc. (see sa, ákon).


manákon

Hiligaynon

(B) I say (think) or said (thought). (see maná, silíng, ko).


tanákon

Hiligaynon

Infected with tának, worm-eaten. (tának).


ákon

Hiligaynon

To appropriate or acquire for oneself in the first person. Akónon ko iníng dútà. I'll appropriate this land, I'll make this land my own. Ginákon ko lang iní. I appropriated this for myself.


dágway

Hiligaynon

(H) Form, figure, image, likeness, appearance, outline, shape, species, conformation, cut, contour, look, aspect, phase, seeming, guise, semblance. Sa dágway sang --. In the form,-figure,-etc., of --. Sa idálum sang dágway sang tinápay kag bíno nga nakonsagrahán nahámtang ang matúod nga láwas kag dugô ni Hesukrísto. Under the species,-appearances,-forms,-etc. of consecrated bread and wine there is present the true body and blood of Jesus Christ. (see báyhon).


himatúod

Hiligaynon

To believe to be true, be convinced of, swallow, take in, be assured of, assent to, give credence to. Nagahimatúod siá sang ginsúgid ni Fuláno. He believes what has been told by N.N. Indì ka maghimatúod sang mga sugilánon sináng mga hámbug. Don't believe the stories of those braggarts. Ginahimatúod níya ang ginakonó nga mga tumáo sa bóbog. He is convinced of the rumour that there are ghosts in the bobog-tree. (see túod, pamatúod).


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