Search result(s) - bag-asón

bag-asón

Hiligaynon

Scarred, marked, pitted, pertaining to smallpox, pock-marked. (see butihón, hanggaón).



abá

Hiligaynon

(B) The back, shoulder-blades, scapula; the breast of a bird, especially of a fowl; to carry on the back, put on the back. Ibutáng mo iníng bayóong sa abá sang karabáw. Put this bag on the buffalo's back. Toktoká ang abá sang manók. Chop up the breast of the chicken. Ginpaabá akó níya sa pagtabók sa subâ. He carried me on his back across the river. Paábhan mo siá. Get hold of his back. Grasp him behind by the shoulders. (see likód, talúdtud, dúghan, pétso, tíbong, patíbong).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alì

Hiligaynon

Liked, appreciated, cherished; attached to, partial to; to like, etc. Alì ko gid iníng kálò, tulún-an, pagkáon, etc. I am partial to this hat, this book, this kind of food, etc. Ginaálì or ginapakaálì ko gid iníng mga sapátos. I like these boots very much. Dáw sa dílì gid matahúm iní, ápang ginálì mo. This does not seem to be nice at all, yet you liked it. Alíon mo na lang ang bág-o nga huégo nga ginhátag sa ímo ni tíyà mo. Just try to be contented with the new suit that aunt gave you. (see lúyag, palánggà, úyon, wíli, pakamahál).


alísto

Hiligaynon

(Sp. alistar) Ready, prepared, fit for, equipped; to prepare, get ready. Alisto na kamí sa paglakát. We are now ready to march. Kon alísto na kamó nga tanán, malakát na kitá. If you are all ready, we will go now. Alistohá ang mga dalál-on (dalálhon). Get ready the things to be taken along or to be brought along. Alistohí kamí sing balónon. Make ready for us some provisions for the journey. Ialísto ko pa ang ákon maléta, kay dálhon ko sa buás. I am going to get my hand-bag ready, for I'll take it along tomorrow. (see hímos, híkot, híwat, áman).


ámba

Hiligaynon

To sing, chant, troll, choir. Maáyo siá magámba. She is a good singer. Makahibaló ka magámba siníng bág-o nga kalantáhon? Do you know how to sing this new song? Ginambahán níya kitá sang íya matám-is nga pagpaníngug. She sang to us in her sweet voice. Kon ímo ambahón iníng kalantáhon ákon pagaúpdan sa piáno ang ímo ambahánon. If you sing this song I will accompany you on the piano. Iámba akó siní. Sing this for me, please. (see kánta).


ámlig

Hiligaynon

Care, attention, caution; to handle with care, to guard well or be careful with. Amligí ang bág-o nga kínke. Handle the new lamp with care. Ginamligán níya ang íya panápton, agúd índì mabulingán. He was careful with his clothes, lest they should become soiled. Iámlig akó ánay siní. Please take care of this for me. Paamligán mo sa íya ang mga báso, agúd nga dílì mabúong. Tell him to handle the glasses with care, lest they should be broken. Ipaámlig sa íya ang tanán nga mga galamitón sa baláy. Let him look carefully after all the furniture in the house. (see ándam, kaámlig, mainamlígon).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


ángkod

Hiligaynon

Incisor, front-tooth, (see sígmit-eyetooth, canine; bág-ang-grinder, molar tooth; panúok-wisdom-tooth).


anosón

Hiligaynon

Consumptive, phthisical. (see as-asón).


as-asón

Hiligaynon

Consumptive, phthisical, tubercular, tuberculed. (see anosón).


atubangón

Hiligaynon

That will appear or happen soon, the near future. Karón sa atubangón magapatíndog akó sing bág-o nga baláy. I am about to erect a new house.


áy-ay

Hiligaynon

To spread out before, show, display. Ginayayán níya akó sang íya bág-o nga huégo. She showed me her new dress. (see ládlad).


bág-ang

Hiligaynon

Grinder, molar tooth, double tooth. (see ángkod, etc.).


bág-as

Hiligaynon

The scar of a cut; pock-marks, the pits of smallpox; to trim or dress by cutting off small pieces, to raze mounds. Bag-así ang káhoy sang dáldag. Dress the wood with the adze. Ibág-as ang wásay sa káhoy. Use the hatchet to trim the wood. Nagsaláma na ang plása, kay nabag-asán ang mga boklódbóklod kag natampokán ang mga limpásong. The public square is level now, for the mounds have been razed and the holes filled up. May bág-as ang íya nawóng. His face is marked (pitted) with small-pox. (see bás-bas).


bág-id

Hiligaynon

To rub, strike, as a match, to rub two pieces of bamboo, etc. together in order to make fire. Bag-irá (-idá) ang pósporo. Strike the match. Bag-irí ang káha sang pósporo. Strike the match against the box. Bag-irí ang kawáyan túbtub nga magkaláyo (magkalayó). Rub the bamboo till it takes fire.


bag-ídan

Hiligaynon

A match; any contrivance to make fire by friction. (bág-id).


bag-íran

Hiligaynon

See bag-ídan id.


bág-o

Hiligaynon

New, novel, fresh; recent, late, modern, just out, recently; to make new, to renew. Bág-o gid iníng kálò ko. This hat of mine is quite new. Bág-o pa lang siá magabút. He has just arrived. Bág-o pa lang silá malúmbus. They have left only a short while ago. Bag-ohá ang kodál. Renew the fence. Iníng kawáyan ibág-o ko sa kodál. This bamboo I'll utilize in renewing the fence.


bág-od

Hiligaynon

To rub two stones together, to crush or pulverize, between two stones or against a stone. Ginabag-orán ang bató nga bukáy sing binókbok nga bukáy túbtub nga magpíno kag ihínis sa ngípon. The crushed white stone is rubbed between two white stones till it becomes fine powder, and can be used to clean the teeth with. Ang tayóbong ginabág-od sa bató kon unawón. The tayobong-root is rubbed against a stone to rid the pulp of juice. Ibág-od mo ang tayóbong sa bató. Rub the tayobong-roots against a stone.


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