Search result(s) - ika-

i

Hiligaynon

A prefix used:-

1.) in forming all the passive tenses of many verbs having a passive in "i". Many verbs indicating an action that removes something from the agent belong to this class, as: to sell, send, throw, pay, give, hand over to (balígyà, padalá, pilák, báyad, hátag, túnghol), etc. In the forms with gina-and gin-the "i-" is either prefixed or (now commonly) left out entirely, whilst in the forms with paga-and pag-the "i-" comes between the root and paga-or pag-, e.g. hátag-to give. Iginahátag (ginahátag) níya iní sa ákon. He is giving me this. Iginhátag (ginhátag) níya iní sa ákon. He gave me this. Pagaihátag gid níya iní sa ákon. He will surely give me this. Walâ níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He did not give me this. Indì níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He will not give me this. Ihátag iní sa ákon. Give me this, etc.

2.) in expressing the idea of-the means by which-,-the instrument with which-, a thing is done, e.g. búhat-to make. Ibúhat iníng káhoy sang ákon baláy. Make use of this wood for building my house. Bakál-To buy. Iníng tátlo ka mángmang ibakál mo sing bág-o nga kálò. Buy a new hat with these three pesos, etc.

3.) in expressing a polite request, e.g. Ipalíhog mo akó ihátag sang ákon katahurán sa kay Fuláno. Do me the favour of paying my respects to N.N. (see ig-, iga-, ika-, inog-).

-i, A suffix used in the passive impersonal imperative, in the passive negative present, and in the passive negatived past of verbs having a passive in-an, e.g. patíndog-to set up, build. Patindogí (walâ níya pagapatindogí, walâ níya pagpatindogí) sing baláy iníng lugár. Build (he is not building, has not built) a house on this pot.



i

Hiligaynon

A prefix used:-

1.) in forming all the passive tenses of many verbs having a passive in "i". Many verbs indicating an action that removes something from the agent belong to this class, as: to sell, send, throw, pay, give, hand over to (balígyà, padalá, pilák, báyad, hátag, túnghol), etc. In the forms with gina-and gin-the "i-" is either prefixed or (now commonly) left out entirely, whilst in the forms with paga-and pag-the "i-" comes between the root and paga-or pag-, e.g. hátag-to give. Iginahátag (ginahátag) níya iní sa ákon. He is giving me this. Iginhátag (ginhátag) níya iní sa ákon. He gave me this. Pagaihátag gid níya iní sa ákon. He will surely give me this. Walâ níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He did not give me this. Indì níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He will not give me this. Ihátag iní sa ákon. Give me this, etc.

2.) in expressing the idea of-the means by which-,-the instrument with which-, a thing is done, e.g. búhat-to make. Ibúhat iníng káhoy sang ákon baláy. Make use of this wood for building my house. Bakál-To buy. Iníng tátlo ka mángmang ibakál mo sing bág-o nga kálò. Buy a new hat with these three pesos, etc.

3.) in expressing a polite request, e.g. Ipalíhog mo akó ihátag sang ákon katahurán sa kay Fuláno. Do me the favour of paying my respects to N.N. (see ig-, iga-, ika-, inog-).

-i, A suffix used in the passive impersonal imperative, in the passive negative present, and in the passive negatived past of verbs having a passive in-an, e.g. patíndog-to set up, build. Patindogí (walâ níya pagapatindogí, walâ níya pagpatindogí) sing baláy iníng lugár. Build (he is not building, has not built) a house on this pot.


íka

Hiligaynon

A verbal prefix like "i-", but with the additional meaning of the adaptability of a material to, or the possibility of, an action. Indì ko pagibalígyà iní sa ímo. I will not sell you this. Índì ko ikabalígyà iní sa ímo, kay dílì ákon. I cannot sell it to you, for it does not belong to me.


ika

Hiligaynon

This prefix is very often used for the formation of nouns, e.g. ikabáyad-resources, assets, wherewithal, cash; ikagásto-money to be spent, expenses to be paid, funds, pecuniary means; ikabúlig-source of help, means, assistance, expedient, support; ikatakús-worthiness, capacity, dignity; ikasángkol-capability, attainments, accomplishments; ikaláin-disadvantage, drawback, loss, injury, calamity; ikasabát-a ready answer or reply, etc. etc. (see inóg-).


ika

Hiligaynon

A prefix that goes to form ordinal numbers, e.g. ikagatús-hundredth; ikalíbo-thousandth; sa ikapúlò níya ka pagbálik-on his tenth return; sa ikaduhá ka púlo'g limá ka ádlaw-on the twenty fifth (day), etc. etc.


íka

Hiligaynon

A verbal prefix like "i-", but with the additional meaning of the adaptability of a material to, or the possibility of, an action. Indì ko pagibalígyà iní sa ímo. I will not sell you this. Índì ko ikabalígyà iní sa ímo, kay dílì ákon. I cannot sell it to you, for it does not belong to me.


ika

Hiligaynon

This prefix is very often used for the formation of nouns, e.g. ikabáyad-resources, assets, wherewithal, cash; ikagásto-money to be spent, expenses to be paid, funds, pecuniary means; ikabúlig-source of help, means, assistance, expedient, support; ikatakús-worthiness, capacity, dignity; ikasángkol-capability, attainments, accomplishments; ikaláin-disadvantage, drawback, loss, injury, calamity; ikasabát-a ready answer or reply, etc. etc. (see inóg-).


ika

Hiligaynon

A prefix that goes to form ordinal numbers, e.g. ikagatús-hundredth; ikalíbo-thousandth; sa ikapúlò níya ka pagbálik-on his tenth return; sa ikaduhá ka púlo'g limá ka ádlaw-on the twenty fifth (day), etc. etc.


bikâ-bíkà

Hiligaynon

To open and close the legs a number of times in succession.


piká-piká

Hiligaynon

Dim. of píka. Also: To line or join with mortar stones, or tiles, to point the joints of cut stones or tiles with mortar. Pikápíkahí sing ápog ang hulút sang mga bató. Put lime in between the stones. (see galá-gála).


sikâ-sikâ

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of sikâ-to scare away a cat, etc. Also: to despise, treat with contempt, turn away from in disgust, etc. Ginasikâsikâ gid lámang ang mga ímol sang madámù nga mga manggaránon. Many rich people turn away in disgust from the poor or treat the poor with contempt. (see ihígihíg, ahígahíg, síkway, támay).


tikâ-tíkà

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of tikâ-to pop out one's head, etc.


gípik

Hiligaynon

Crease, bend, fold; to crease, etc. Gipíka-gimíka. See gímik.