Search result(s) - pa

pa

Hiligaynon

Yet, still, besides, more, furthermore, also. Walâ pa (índì pa) siá magabút. He has not (will not) arrived (arrive) yet. Sa súbung siní índì pa akó makahalín. I cannot leave just at present. Sa ákon bántà magaulán pa karón sa hápon. In my opinion it will still be raining (it will rain again) this afternoon. May isá pa ka katarúngan--. There is still another (one more) reason or argument. Isá pa. One thing more. Maáyo pa (labíng maáyo pa) kon--. It were better (It would be better still), if--. Kag índì pa kay amó inâ lámang, kóndì--. And not only this, but--. This does not tell the whole story, but--. Matáas pa ang búkid nga Napulák. The Napulák mountain is higher (still). Malayô pa. It is far yet. (see angód, gihápon).



pa

Hiligaynon

To, towards, in the direction of. Pa Amérika. To America. Pa Manílà. To Manila. Nagdáyon siá maglakát pa búkid. He continued his march towards the mountain. Nagpailóngílong siá. He went to (in the direction of) Iloilo. He has gone to Iloilo.


pa

Hiligaynon

With "kon diín", "kon sa diín", or the like, "pa" has the meaning of "anywhere", "anywhere else". Ambót kon sa diín siá nagkádto, kon sa umá ukón sa diín pa. I don't know where he has gone to, whether to his farm or somewhere (anywhere) else. Ang íla kasál pagahiwáton dílì kon sa diín pa, kóndì dirâ na gid lámang sa bánwa nga íla nataóhan. Their marriage will take place not anywhere else, but in their native town.


pa

Hiligaynon

Papa, father, dad, daddy. (see papá, amáy, tátay, tay).


pa

Hiligaynon

A very frequently used prefix with the following meanings:

1) Movement or direction towards, e.g. paidálum-downwards, down; paibábaw-upward, up; nagpamanílà siá. He has gone to Manila. Nagapabugál siá. He is on the road to pride, i.e. he is getting proud, is haughty, overbearing. Nagapadayáw siá. He is vain. Nagapabungúl siá. He is acting as if he were deaf, is stubborn, disobedient, heedless, does not listen, etc.

2) Efficient cause, e.g. Sín-o ang nagpatíndog sang halígi? Who set up the post? Ang isá ka alakáyo saráng makapakádlaw sa mga táo. A joker can make people laugh. Ginpahalín níla ang matámad nga sologoón. They discharged the lazy servant. Patalumá ang binángon. Sharpen the bolo. Pinabálik níya ang sulát. He sent the letter back, etc.

3) Order or command (quite frequently to be performed by a third person), e.g. Patáwga si Pédro (sa) kay Huán. Ipatawág si Huán (sa) kay Pédro. Order (Get) Peter to call John. Padálhi akó sing túbig. Send me some water. Get someone to bring me water. Palutói akó sing panyága. Have dinner prepared for me. Order someone to cook the dinner for me. Palutóa ang kosinéro sang panyága. Ipalútò ang panyága sa kosinéro. Order the cook to get dinner ready. Ipaábat siá. Send somebody-after him,-to call him here, etc.

4) Toleration or sufferance, e.g. Pahampangá lang dirâ ang mga bátà. Just let the boys play there. Pabayái (Pabáy-i) lang silá. Leave them alone. Let them do what they like. Pasakayá (Pasákya) siá sa ímo salákyan. Give him a lift in your vehicle. Let him ride in your car (carriage). Indì mo silá pagpasúgtan. Don't allow them to have their will. Don't grant their request. Don't approve their proposal. Indì ka magpabúang, magpadáyà, etc. Don't allow yourself to be fooled, cheated, etc. Mapapuút pa akó ánay sang ulán kag ogáling mapadáyon akó sang ákon panglakátan. I'll let the rain stop first (I am waiting for the rain to stop) and then I shall continue the march, etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of pa-(usually, for convenience' sake, called the Causative). Hence in this dictionary when words with the prefix pa-occur, the translation does not exclude meanings other than the one given.


a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


abó

Hiligaynon

Ash, ashes; to treat with ash, apply ashes, use ashes; to turn into or become ashes. Abohí ang púsud sang bátà. Treat the baby's navel with ash. Nag-*abó ang ámon baláy sa kaláyo or ginabó sang kaláyo ang ámon balay. The fire burned our house to ashes. Abohán mo ang pínggan kag báso, agúd makúhà ang kadánlug. Clean the plate and glass with ashes, so that the greasy dirt may be removed. Ang abó nga ginpát-in sa áton mga ágtang sa ádlaw nga Miérkoles de Senísa (Ceniza) amó ang abó sang mga pálua (ráamos) nga nabenditáhan sang ádlaw nga Domingo de Rámos. The ashes with which our foreheads are marked on Ash-Wednesday are the ashes of the palms blessed on Palm-Sunday. Dílì mo pag-*ipaabó sa íya iníng mga tulún-an, kay bisán dumáan na may kapuslánan pa. Don't let him burn these books, for, though they are old, they are still of use. (see ágbon).


abóy

Hiligaynon

Bent, curved, warped; to bend, to curve, to warp, kink. Ang mga manuglagarì nagalagárì sang káhoy sonô sang íya abóy. The sawyers are sawing the tree according to its curve. Nagaabóy ang kalát, ang mga soléras, ang bánkò, etc. The rope is kinked, the floor beams are warped, the bench is sagging in the middle, etc. Butangí ang bánkò sing duhá pa ka tiíl sa tungâ, agúd nga indì magabóy. Add two legs to the middle of the bench, so that it may not sag or bend. (see táboy, lúy-on).


ábtik

Hiligaynon

Dexterity, adroitness, skill, quickness, expertness in invention or execution; to be or become expert, adroit, dexterous, skillful. Bisán pa gánì ang búndul nga táo kon maghánas sing may kapísan magaábtik. Even a slow man, if he practises diligently, will become dexterous. Abtiká ang pagsulát. Try to write quickly. Naabtikán gid akó sang iya nga pagtahì. I was much impressed by her skill at sewing.


abút

Hiligaynon

To arrive, come to, reach, to appear on the scene. Sán-o pa ikáw magabút? When did you arrive? Sán-o ikáw magaabút? When will you come? Abutan ko ikáw karón sa ímo balay. I will come to see you presently at your home. Inabután siá sing dakû nga kahádluk. Great fear came over him. Anó ang ginapaabút mo? What are you waiting for? Paabutón ta pa ang koríyo kag ugáling magpaúlì. Let us wait for the mail to come in and then go home. Maglakát ka na sing madásig, agúd makaabút pa ikáw dídto sa napát-ud nga táknà. Now, walk quickly, that you may reach there at the appointed hour.


ábut

Hiligaynon

To reach, come up with, overtake, catch up with. Abúton ko ikáw karón. I shall soon overtake you. Dalágan ka, agúd dílì ka maábut kag sungáyon sang karabáw nga simarón. Run, lest the wild buffalo should catch and toss you. Básì maábut mo pa siá sa dálan. Possibly you may overtake him yet on the road. Nagabút gid siá, ápang walâ makaábut sang misa. He arrived, indeed, but too late for hearing Mass. (Literally: "----, but he could not reach Mass).


además

Hiligaynon

(Sp. ademas) Moreover, further, besides. (see lábut, pa, kapín, pa).


adiós

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adios) God bless you. God speed you. Good-bye. Farewell. Also used as a verb, mostly with pa-. Nagpaadiós siá sa ákon or ginpaadiosán níya akó. He bade me good-bye. Ihátag mo iní sa íya nga ipaadiós ko sa íya. Give him this from me as a farewell keepsake. (see paálam).


ága

Hiligaynon

Morning, from near sunrise to mid-day; to be or become morning. Kaína sang ága. This morning. Buás sa ága. Tomorrow morning. Kon magága or umága na----. When morning comes---. Duhádúha gid kon maagahán pa ang masakít. It is very doubtful, whether the sick person (man, woman or child) will live until tomorrow morning. Naagahán kamí sa alipokpokán sang búkid. By morning we were on the top of the mountain. Maáyong ága. Good morning. Mapaága akó anay kag ugáling malakát. I'll wait till morning and then start. Naagahán silá sang kinánta, sináut, panahî, lagás sa makáwat, etc. They sang, danced, sewed, pursued the thief, etc. the whole night through till morning.


agáp

Hiligaynon

To rise early, be early at work, to do early in the morning, anticipate. Agapí ang pagarádo. Be early at the ploughing. Rise early in the morning for the ploughing. Agapá ang pagbúhat sinâ. Do it early in the morning. Gina-*agapán nila ang pagpangítà sing mga tulún-an, bisán madúgay pa ang pagbukás sang mga buluthúan. They are already looking for books, though the opening of the schools is still a long while off. (see pamúka).


ági

Hiligaynon

Passage, trace, incident, event; to go by, pass by, pass through. Ang mga ági kag bilín sang salâ. The traces and remains of sin. Ang mga ági sang íya kabúhì. The incidents of his life. Kon magági ka dirí, hapíti kamí. If you pass this way, visit us. Indì ka makaági dirâ, kay nakodalán ang umá. You cannot pass through there, for the field is fenced in. Ang dalán nga íla ginágyan (ginagíhan)-. The road over which they passed-. Iági akó siníng tulún-an sa kay Fuláno. Kindly hand this book over to N.N. in passing. Buás ágyon ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll call for you in passing (and take you along). Buás ágyan ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll visit you on my way. Paágyon mo kamí sa ímo umá. Let us pass through your field. Dílì mo pagpaágyan sa íla ang áton umá. Don't allow them to pass through our field. Walâ pa akó kaági (makaági) dídto. I have never been there yet, I have had no occasion to pass that way, I have not seen or passed that place at all.


agohós

Hiligaynon

Shunning work, avoiding labour, lazy, slothful; to be or become lazy, slothful, indolent, averse to work. Mostly used with pa- in the meaning of: to shirk or avoid work, to perform lazily. Indì ka magpaagohós sang pangabúdlay or indì mo pagpaagohosán ang pagpangabúdlay. Don't be lazy or indolent at your work. Don't work lazily. Ang mga matámad nagapaagohós sang pangabúdlay. Lazy people are averse to hard work. (see támad, amád, ágol).


aguáhi

Hiligaynon

(Sp. aguaje) Tidal wave; the wake of a ship; sea current, stream; impetus, impetuosity, vehemence; to gather force, increase, augment. Nagaaguáhi pa ang húblag ni Fuláno. N.N.'s movement (agitation, scheme, policy) is still gathering force.


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ákra

Hiligaynon

To pout, to sulk, to say "A", "Hem" and the like in ill-humour, or in rejecting a favour, or refusing a kindness. Anó ang ginaákra mo? Why are you so sulky? What causes you to pout or sulk? Ginhatágan ko ikáw sing duhá ka bílog nga páhò kag nagákra pa ikáw? I gave you two mangoes and still you are discontented?


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