Search result(s) - ábat



Common or joint property. (see guráptan, garapátan).



Childhood, pertaining to childhood or to children, childlike, childish, silly; from childhood, since one's birth. Ang pagkasungî sináng táo kinabátà níya. That man-is hare-lipped from his birth,-was born hare-lipped. (see bátà, bataón).



Custom, manner, habit, behaviour. (see kabatásan, kinaanáran).



(Sp. lavativa) Enema, clyster, syringe; to give or apply an enema. Labatibáhi siá. Give him an enema. (see ayúda, kalíya).



Crammed, stuffed full, chock-full, choke-full, bulging out. (see bát-at, mabáknal, punô, butâ).



Caus. of bátà-to give birth to a child, etc. Also: to help or assist at childbirth, at a lying-in, at an accouchement, said of a midwife. Sín-o ang nagpabátà sa íya? Who was her midwife? Who assisted her at her delivery? Pabatáa ánay ang ímo asáwa kag ugáling magkádto ka sa Négros. First let your wife give birth and then afterwards go to Negros. (see paanák).



Freq. of sabát-to answer. Mode or way of answering. Ang íya panabát kúlang sing katahurán. His way of answering was wanting in respect.



(B) Oh! Ah! Really? Truly? Is it so, indeed? Abâ, matúod iní? Ah, is it really true? Can it be so? Nabáton ko ang isá ka makalilípay nga balítà-Abâ? I have received some joyful news.-Have you, really? (see abá, abáw).



An exclamation of pain and suffering. Agóy, kasakít siníng hubág ko. Oh, dear me. Oh, the pain of this boil of mine! Agóy, daw sa dílì na akó makabatás siníng kahápdì. Oh, dear, I can hardly stand this pain any longer. (see aragóy).



Odour, smell, scent, perfume, emanation, vapour emanating from the ground, flowers, etc.; to smell, give off a smell, to exhale, be odoriferous. Anáno nga alísbong ang ginabátyag ko dirí? What kind of smell do I notice here? Anó ang nagapangalísbong? What is smelling? Abáw, nagapangalísbong ka ba! Ah, how strong you smell of scent! (see ósbong, súbung, sungáw).



Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.



(B) An exclamation used to emphasize a statement: Why! Surely! Certainly! There is no doubt about it. Tî, kon amó inâ nga walâ ka paghúgud sa pagtoón, índì ka makabáton sing prémyo. Anóng! Indì balá? Why, if you won't study diligently, you won't receive a prize. That is certain! Is it not?



Distance, separation, difference; to make room, give way, yield space. Malayô ang ántad. The distance is great or far. Malayô silá sing ántad. They are far asunder. Antará (-adá) ang síya. Put the chair farther away. Antarí nínyo ang lugár. Make room. Iántad ang mga hinaláy. Space what is hung on the line farther apart. Magántad kamó. Give way. Make room. Ipaántad sa íya ang mga nalábhan nga hinaláy. Let her space farther apart the washed clothes hung on the line. Ang íya nga sinabát malayô sing ántad sa patád. His answer is beside the mark i.e. his answer is vague, evasive.



(Sp. ayuda, ayudar) Help, aid, succour, assistance; enema, clyster; to help, assist; to administer an enema. Ayudahí siá. Help him. Ginaayudahán níya ang tagumatáyon. She is assisting the dying person (by saying the prayers for the dying, etc.). Notice the accent in the following: Ayudáhi siá. Administer him an enema. (see búlig, tábang, agubáy, kalíya, labatíba).



A stench, stink, an obnoxious or offensive smell; stinking: to stink, emit an offensive smell. Anáno nga banhô ang ginabátyag ko dirí? What sort of stench do I notice here? Banô na iníng ísdà. This fish smells bad already. Ang binóro nagabahô. Pickled fish has a strong smell. Nabahoán kamí sang ilagâ nga patáy. We were annoyed by the stench coming from the dead rat.



(Sp. vacuna) Cowpox, vaccine virus; to vaccinate. Sín-o ang nagbakúna sa imo? Who vaccinated you? Ginabakunáhan karón ang mga kabatáan sa mga buluthóan, kay nagapamutí. The children at school are being vaccinated at present, for there is an epidemic of smallpox. Ipabakúna ang ímo mga anák sa manugbúlung, agúd índì malátnan sang butí. Get your children vaccinated by the doctor, lest they should be infected with smallpox. Kalití ang pagpabakúna, kay ang mga nabakunáhan tumalágsa gid lámang madunggoán sang butí. Get vaccinated in time, for those that are vaccinated are rarely attacked by smallpox. (see sibít, pasibít).



To ambush, lie secretly in wait for. Nagbángan siá sa ákon. He lay in wait for me. Nabangánan or binangánan siá. He was ambushed. Nakabatî siá nga may nagabángan sa íya; tungúd sinâ índì siá magpaúlì. He heard that somebody was lying in wait for him; therefore he would not go home. (see bánggà).



Murmur, rattle, clatter, crackle, a sound as of many voices, a quick succession of little noises, patter; to patter, to sound or make a noise, as of many voices, shots, falling stones and the like. Nagabárak ang sinánlag sa gánga, ang mga tígbaw sa subâ kon tútdan, etc. What is roasted in the pot, the reeds in the river-bed, if burned, etc. crackles (crackle). Kon tútdan iníng kaingín, magabárak ang mga tinapás nga sibúkaw kag kawáyan. When these forest-clearings are burned the felled sibúkaw and bamboo crackle. Ginpabarákan akó níla sing bató. They pelted me with a rattling shower of stones. Ipabárak iníng balás sa íla baláy or pabaráki siníng balás ang íla baláy. Make their house resound with the noise of this sand thrown at it. Nabarákan akó gid siníng táo kon maghámbal. This man is too garrulous for me when he talks. Pabaráki siá sang pamángkot, agúd nga índì siá makasabát. Ply him with many questions in quick succession, so that he cannot answer. Nagpabárak siá sang íya mga rebentadór sang paglígad sang nóbia. He let off his crackers, when the bride passed by. (see árak).



Bent, crooked, twisted, huddled up; to bend, curve, wriggle, writhe, wince, squirm, huddle up, cringe, crouch, fall down in a heap. Nagbarôrô siá sa salúg tungúd sang mabáskug nga tíndak nga íya nabáton. He fell down in a heap on the floor from the violent kick. (see sikrotót, bulídbulíd, ligídligíd, singkorót, singkayóng).



Moisture, humidity, dankness, damp, dampness, wet, wetness; moist, damp, wet, soaked, dank, humid; to make or become wet, to drench, etc. Nabasâ ang ákon tiíl. My foot got wet. Ginbasâ níya ang ákon pányo. He made my handkerchief wet. Bás-a ang lampáso. Soak the mop in water. Bás-i ang ití sang manók sa salúg. Clean up with water the chicken-dung on the floor. Pahíran mo lang ang lamésa sing trápo nga mamalá, dílì mo pagbás-on. Just wipe the table with a dry cloth, don't use water. Binás-an níya ang íya kamút sing agás, agúd makúhà ang dágtà sang pínta. He wetted his hand with petroleum, in order to get out the paint-stains. Likawí ang ulán, agúd dílì ka mabasâ kag mapásmo. Avoid the rain, lest you should get wet and catch a cold. Ang hubág níya nga maáyo na gid nagbasâ na man. His ulcer that was quite healed before is now suppurating (wet) again. Nagbasâ na man ang mga matá sang ilóy sang pagkabatî níya nga may nagsámbit sang ngálan sang íya anák nga bág-o lang napatáy. The mother's eyes became wet (filled with tears), when she heard someone mentioning the name of her child that had recently died. Kánding nga binasâ (nabasâ) sang ulán. A goat that has been drenched by rain. (see malá-to be dry, etc.).

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