Search result(s) - katungdánan

katungdánan

Hiligaynon

Relation, connection with, reference to; duty, obligation. (see tungúd).



a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


ágol

Hiligaynon

Lazy, indolent, slothful; to be lazy, indolent, slothful. Indì ka magágol. Don't be lazy. Indì mo pagagólan ang pagtúman sang ímo mga katungdánan. Don't be indolent in the performance of your duties.


alakoón

Hiligaynon

What is to be-undertaken,-taken charge of,-seen to,-attempted,-set about; duty, responsibility, burden (to be shouldered). (see ákò, palangakóan, katungdánan, tulumánon, buluháton).


alimpapáw

Hiligaynon

Superficial, on the surface, not deep, not from the heart, hypocritical, insincere, cool, merely formal; careless, perfunctory, negligent. Abáw, alimpapáw gid lang ang pagtúman mo sang ímo katungdánan. Why, you are very negligent or careless in the performance of your duties. Alimpapáw lang ang íya nga pagsímba. He goes to church only to keep up appearances. (see halimpapáw, salimpapáw, pakuláhaw).


atendér

Hiligaynon

(Sp. atender) To attend to, look after, take care of, pay attention to. Atendehí ang ímo mga katungdánan. Attend to your duties. Atendehá ang ímò asiénda. Look after your plantation. Iatendér akó ánay siníng kwárto, kay may kadtoán akó. Please keep an eye on this room for a while, for I have to go out. (see tátap, sapák, alingá, bántay, baláka, ripára, dipára).


buyán-búyan

Hiligaynon

To neglect, postpone, put off, procrastinate, disregard, pay no attention to. Dílì mo pagbuyánbuyánan ang ímo mga tulumánon. Don't neglect the performance of your duties. (N.B. This term is mostly used with the prefix pa-. Nagpabuyánbúyan siá sa pagkompesár. He neglected-, put off-, going to confession. Pinabuyánbuyánan níya ang pagtúman sang íya mga katungdánan. He shirked doing his duty. (see patumbáyà, pahámak, palántang, pasalipótpot).


dakúl-dakúl

Hiligaynon

Careless, heedless, indifferent, inattentive, unmindful slovenly, hurried, negligent, routine, perfunctory, off hand, without proper care or attention; to scamp, perform carelessly, etc. Dakúldakúl nga pangóbra. Careless, slovenly work. Indì ka mag dakúldakúl sa pagpangadî. Don't pray distractedly, without attention. Indì mo pagdakúldakulón ang ímo trabáho. Don't perform your work in a hurried or careless manner. Gindakúldakúl gid lang sang pánday ang pagbúhat sang lamésa, The carpenter made the table in a careless manner, too quickly. Nagadakúldakúl gid lang siá sang íya mga katungdánan. He scamps the performance of his duties. (see dagóldagól).


fálta

Hiligaynon

(Sp.) Fault, deficiency, defect, omission, default, want, lack, failure; to fail to, neglect, commit a fault, to default, not to fulfil one's promise, not to perform one's duty. Indì ka magfálta sa pagsímba sa mga Domíngo kag Fíesta. Don't miss going to Church on Sundays and Feast-days. Nagfálta siá sa pagtúman sang íya nga katungdánan. He neglected to fulfil his duties. (see sayóp, salâ, lápas, lípas).


katúngdan

Hiligaynon

West, etc. See katulúndan, katúndan. Also: relation, etc. See katungdánan.


lantáng-lántang

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of lántang. Indì ka maglantánglántang (magpalantánglántang) sa pagtúman sang ímo katungdánan. Do not put off from day to day the fulfilment of your duties. (see pabuyánbúyan).


obligasyón

Hiligaynon

(Sp. obligación) Obligation, duty, liability. (see katungdánan, tulumánon).


obligasyón

Hiligaynon

(Sp. obligación) Obligation, duty, liability. (see katungdánan, tulumánon).


opísyo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. oficio) Office, duty, work, calling. (see palangakóan, palangitán-an, katungdánan, buluhatón).


opísyo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. oficio) Office, duty, work, calling. (see palangakóan, palangitán-an, katungdánan, buluhatón).


pangabága

Hiligaynon

Form or shape of one's shoulder (abága) Also: to shoulder, undergo, tackle, handle, manage. Walâ siá sing igkasángkol sa pagpangabága sang amó nga palangakoán. He has not the ability to shoulder the duties of such an office. Pílit na gid nga magkangíl-ad kamí sang íya pagpangabága (sang íya mga pangabága) sang íya mga katungdánan. We are now forced to-repudiate his way of performing his duties,-be disgusted with his manner of carrying out his obligation.


pasalipótpot

Hiligaynon

To steal-, sneak-, run-, away from work or duty, to leave secretly, play truant, shirk work, abandon one's duty. Indì ka magpasalipótpot sa (sang) ímo mga buluhatón. Don't shirk your duties. Sang nasápwan siá nga íya pinasalipótpotán ang pagtúman sang íya katungdánan dáyon siá ginpahalín sang íya agálon. When it was found out that he was in the habit of leaving work undone his master sent him away at once. Sang nabúksan ang gangháan pumasalipótpot siá kag nagpalágyo. When the door was opened he stole out and fled. (salipótpot).


taríya

Hiligaynon

(Sp. tarea) Task, job, duty, a day's work. (see buluhatón, katungdánan, pangabúdlay).


That is to be (should be)-complied with,-fulfilled,-done,-executed,-performed; duty, obligation, precept, commandment, order, law, injunction, rules, regulations. (see túman, kasogoán, buluhatón, katungdánan).


tungúd

Hiligaynon

Right, reason, motive, interest, relation or connection with, reference, regard. May tungúd siá kag bangúd sa pagbúhat sinâ. In acting thus he has (had) right and reason on his side. Anó ang tungúd mo sinâ? What is your interest in that matter (affair)? What have you got to do with it? Sa tungúd siní gánì--. Just on account of this--. Precisely for this reason--. N.B. Besides as noun "tungúd" is also very widely used as:

1) Verb: to concern, refer to, belong to, have a relation or connection with, e.g. iníng báhin sang humáy natungúd sa kay Fuláno. This part of the rice belongs (pertains) to N.N. Ipanáysay mo inâ sa mga punoán nga natúngdan. Explain that to the authorities that are concerned in the matter (--to the proper, corresponding authorities). Patungúd, pahanungúd-to attribute to, offer up-for,-in behalf of,-in behoof of, to do for the-sake of,-good of, to do to the advantage of, apply to, bestow upon, consider as belonging to, impute, etc. Iníng indulhénsya saráng mapahanungúd sa mga kalág sa purgatóryo. This indulgence can be applied to the souls in Purgatory. Dílì mo pagipatungúd sa ibán ang ímo mga sayúp. Don't impute your own faults to someone else.

2) Conjunctive particle: Because, since, seeing that, for, on the ground that, in as much as, e.g. Naakígan siá sang íya agálon tungúd nga nagsabát siá. He roused (incurred) the anger of his master, because he answered back. Walâ siá makatámbong, tungúd kay nagmasakít siá. He could not put in an appearance, because he-was taken ill,-had been taken ill,-took ill. Tungúd kay (Tungúd nga) ginbúhat mo inâ pangabagáha na man ang salábton. On the ground that you have done it you must also shoulder the responsibility.

3) Preposition: a. About, concerning, touching, as to, as for, respecting, as respects, with respect to, regarding, as regards, with regard to, referring to, with reference to, in connection with, pertaining to, appertaining to, bearing upon, relating to, with relation to, etc. Namángkot siá (sa) tungúd sang bilí sang kawáyan. He asked about the price of bamboo. Sa tungúd sang íya pagpalágyo walâ akó kabatî (makabatî) sing bisán kon anó. As to his flight, I have heard nothing whatever about it.

b. Because of, owing to, for the reason that, on the ground that, on account of, etc. Nasáyran ko na tungúd sang ímo pagsáysay. I know now because of your explanation. Ginbalúsan siá níla tungúd sang íya kaísug kag tungúd sang íya pagpatigáyon sing búlig. They rewarded him for his courage and because he brought up help. Walâ silá makabáyad tungúd sang íla piérde (kapierdéhan) sa bágyo. They could not pay on account of the losses they had sustained in the bágyo. Tungúd sa anó? Why? Wherefore? For what reason? Tungúd siní. Therefore. For this reason.

c. For the good of, for the sake of, for the benefit (advantage) of, for, in behalf (behoof) of. "Indì kamó maghibî tungúd sa ákon, kóndì tungúd sa ínyo kag sa ínyo mga anák". Don't weep over me, but weep for yourselves and for your children".

d. Through, through the agency of, by, by means of, by the help of, etc. Tungúd kay Hesukrísto nga Aton Ginóo. Through Jesus Christ, Our Lord. Nakadángat siá sa pagpatábà sang íya umá sa maáyo nga bilí tungúd kay Pédro. He managed to sell his field at a fair price by the help (through the-influence,-intervention,-good offices) of Peter. (see bangúd, kay, hay, nahanungúd, nahatungúd, pahanúngdan, katungdánan, palahanúngdan).


1 2