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abráso

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abrazo) Embrace, clasping, hugging; to embrace, clasp, hug, press to one's bosom. Sang pagabút níya sa balay ginabrasóhan siá sang íya nga ilóy. When he arrived home, his mother clasped him to her bosom. Indì siá magpaabráso. She does not allow herself to be embraced. Nagabrasoháy silá. They embraced each other. (see hakús, púgus).



ábri

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abrir) To unlock, unfasten, open; to begin, commence, said of schools, classes, sessions, meetings, etc. Abrihi ang puérta, ang bintánà, etc. Open the door, the window, etc. Naabrihán na ang mga kláse. Classes have commenced. Ang makáwat walâ makaábri sang káha. The thief could not unlock-, open-, the safe. Kon walâ ka sing yábi nga ikaábri sa ganháan, bingkalá na lang. If you have no key that can unlock the door, simply burst the door in. (see bukás).


absuélto

Hiligaynon

(Sp. absuelto) Absolved, acquitted, declared free. Also used as a verb. Ginabsueltohán siá sang hukóm. He was acquitted by the judge. (see pinatáwad, luwás, luás).


ábtik

Hiligaynon

Dexterity, adroitness, skill, quickness, expertness in invention or execution; to be or become expert, adroit, dexterous, skillful. Bisán pa gánì ang búndul nga táo kon maghánas sing may kapísan magaábtik. Even a slow man, if he practises diligently, will become dexterous. Abtiká ang pagsulát. Try to write quickly. Naabtikán gid akó sang iya nga pagtahì. I was much impressed by her skill at sewing.


abúnda

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abundar, abundante) Abundant, plentiful, amply sufficient, more than enough, enough and to spare, abounding; to abound, be abundant, etc. Abúnda na or nagaabúnda na ang humáy. There is plenty of rice now. Naabundahán na kitá sang áton pangabúhì. We have now plenty to live upon. Maíwat karón ang ísdà, ápang magaabúnda man liwán kunína. Fish is now scarce, but it will be plentiful again. (see bugánà, dagáyà, dagásà, óya, úya).


abusár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abusar) Misuse, abuse; to misuse, abuse. Nagabusár siá sang kaálwan sang íya tíà. She abused the generosity of her aunt. Ayáw pagabusahí ang íya kaáyo. For God's sake, don't abuse her goodness. Ginabusahán níla ang íya kalólot. They took advantage of his kindness.


ábut

Hiligaynon

To reach, come up with, overtake, catch up with. Abúton ko ikáw karón. I shall soon overtake you. Dalágan ka, agúd dílì ka maábut kag sungáyon sang karabáw nga simarón. Run, lest the wild buffalo should catch and toss you. Básì maábut mo pa siá sa dálan. Possibly you may overtake him yet on the road. Nagabút gid siá, ápang walâ makaábut sang misa. He arrived, indeed, but too late for hearing Mass. (Literally: "----, but he could not reach Mass).


abút-ábut

Hiligaynon

Freq. of ábut. To come and go, pass off and on; to come within reach, to reach nearly, but not quite. Nagaabút-ábut sa íya ang balatían. The disease attacks him periodically or in frequent fits. Ang kánding ginaabút-ábut na sang idô nga nagalagás. The goat is being nearly caught up to by the pursuing dog. Ang tá-ub nagaabút-ábut dirí siníng baybáyon túbtub sa tungâtúngà sinâ nga búgsok. The high tide on this beach usually rises to about the middle of that post.


ád-ad

Hiligaynon

To gossip, divulge or let out secrets, give full rein to the tongue. Indì mo pagad-adón ang mga tinágò sang ímo isigkatáo. Don't let out your neighbour's secrets.


ádat

Hiligaynon

Acridity, pungency, sharpness, bitterness; to be or become sour, sharp, bitter, hot, biting, acid, pungent, acrid. Ang nagakáon sing búnga nga línghod sang kabúgaw maadátan. He who eats unripe fruit of a pomelo tree will find it very bitter. Ang sabór siníng kabúgaw nagpaádat sang ákon dílà. The taste of this pomelo was like acid on my tongue. Naadátan ang tutúnlan ko. I feel a biting in my throat. (árat id.).


adí

Hiligaynon

Give me. Hand me. Let me have a look. Adí, tan-awón ko. Bring it here, I'll have a look at it. Adí, ákon inâ. Hand that to me, it is mine. Adí ang lápis sang ákon útod. Give me my brother's pencil. (adí is probably a contraction of "dálha dirí"-"Bring it here").


ádlaw

Hiligaynon

Sun; day; daylight; to be or become daylight; to pass or spend a day. Nagabútlak na ang ádlaw. The sun is rising. Adlaw na; lakát kitá. It's daylight now; let us go. Kon magádlaw (umádlaw) na, pagadayúnon ta ang áton paglakát. When daylight appears, we will continue our march. Sa sulúd sang duhá ukón tátlo ka ádlaw mapamanílà akó. Within two or three days I'll depart for Manila. Naadlawán kitá dídto. We passed a full day there. Naduhaán kitá ka ádlaw dídto. We spent two days there. Sa ádlaw nga Miérkoles. On Wednesday. Sang naglígad nga ádlaw nga Miérkoles. Last Wednesday. Maáyo nga ádlaw. Good day. Good morning. Adlaw nga inugpuása kag inugpaúmud sa kárne. A day of fasting and abstinence. Sang isá sinâ nga mga ádlaw nga naglilí-gad---. One of these last days----. Sa tanán nga ádlaw. Every day.


adórno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adorno) Adornment, ornamentation, decoration, embellishment; to ornament, adorn, embellish, decorate. Butangí sing mga adórno ang simbáhan or adornohí ang simbáhan. Decorate the church. Iníng púngpung nga búlak iadórno ko sa tulungtúngan sa tungâ sang balatonán. With this bunch of flowers I'll adorn the table in the middle of the reception-room. (see puní).


ág-ag

Hiligaynon

To separate, cull, pick, weed out. Ag-agá ang mga bató sa balás. Pick out the stones from among the sand. Ag-agi ang saburán sang hilamón. Weed out the grass from the plot of rice-seedlings. Iág-ag akó ánay sang mga óhot sa humáy. Please gather the empty ears from among the rice-grains. Inag-agán mo na sang mga lánsang ang sinapíyo? Have you picked out the nails from among the shavings?


ága

Hiligaynon

Morning, from near sunrise to mid-day; to be or become morning. Kaína sang ága. This morning. Buás sa ága. Tomorrow morning. Kon magága or umága na----. When morning comes---. Duhádúha gid kon maagahán pa ang masakít. It is very doubtful, whether the sick person (man, woman or child) will live until tomorrow morning. Naagahán kamí sa alipokpokán sang búkid. By morning we were on the top of the mountain. Maáyong ága. Good morning. Mapaága akó anay kag ugáling malakát. I'll wait till morning and then start. Naagahán silá sang kinánta, sináut, panahî, lagás sa makáwat, etc. They sang, danced, sewed, pursued the thief, etc. the whole night through till morning.


ágad

Hiligaynon

To serve, especially applied to prospective husbands serving for their betrothed. Nagapangágad na siá dídto. He is serving there for his betrothed. May batásan silá nga ang mga laláki mangágad or magpangágad sa baláy sang íla pangasáw-on (nga íla pangasáw-an). They have the custom that the men should serve in the house of their intended wives (of their future parents-in-law). The Freq. pangágad is mostly used; ágad without the prefix pang occurs in umágad-son-in-law.


agád

Hiligaynon

Notwithstanding, in spite of, still, but yet, contrary to what one would expect, in defiance of all one would be led to believe. Nagpaninguhâ siá gid sa pagmánggad, agád namúsmus siá. He made great efforts to get rich, and yet he became very poor. Agád ginamligán ko ang ákon pagtikáng sa madánlug nga dálan, tapát gánì nakadúpyas akó. Although I carefully picked my steps on the slippery road, yet I slipped. Agád ginahingabút ang Sánta Iglesia sang íya mga kaáway, tapát gánì nagadúgang ang mga tumulóo. In spite of the fact that Holy Church is being persecuted by her enemies, her faithful adherents increase. Agád nahúlug akó. In spite of all I fell down. Agád napatáy siá! Yet he died! Who would have thought that he would die! (see tapát, hinonó-o).


ágak

Hiligaynon

To support, help along invalids or sick persons, etc.; to help, assist, succour in straits or difficulties. Agáka siá. Help him along. Ipaágak siá sa ímo sologoón. Let your servant lend him support. Order your servant to help him along. Ginaágak silá sang íla mga ábyan. They are being helped along in life by their friends. Agákon ko siá sa pagtabók sa subâ. I will lead him by the hand whilst crossing the river. (see agubáy, tóytoy, búlig, tábang).


ágao

Hiligaynon

To seize, take by force, usurp, snatch away from another. Indì mo pagagáwon ang íya sang ibán. Do not take what belongs to another. Ginágaw níla ang íya dútà. They took the land away from him by force. Inagáwan akó níla sang ákon bántud nga dídto sa bakólod. They seized my plot of enclosed farmland there on the hill. Agáwa sa íya ang binángon. Snatch the bolo away from him. Ang mga bátà nagainágaw sang tinápay. The children are fighting or scrambling for the bread. Tabúga iníng idô nga malúyag magágaw sang báboy sa bátà. Drive off this dog that wants to snatch away the pork from the child. Inágaw nga háyup, bátà, etc. Stolen cattle, a kidnapped baby, etc.


agáp

Hiligaynon

To rise early, be early at work, to do early in the morning, anticipate. Agapí ang pagarádo. Be early at the ploughing. Rise early in the morning for the ploughing. Agapá ang pagbúhat sinâ. Do it early in the morning. Gina-*agapán nila ang pagpangítà sing mga tulún-an, bisán madúgay pa ang pagbukás sang mga buluthúan. They are already looking for books, though the opening of the schools is still a long while off. (see pamúka).


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