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ámba

Hiligaynon

To sing, chant, troll, choir. Maáyo siá magámba. She is a good singer. Makahibaló ka magámba siníng bág-o nga kalantáhon? Do you know how to sing this new song? Ginambahán níya kitá sang íya matám-is nga pagpaníngug. She sang to us in her sweet voice. Kon ímo ambahón iníng kalantáhon ákon pagaúpdan sa piáno ang ímo ambahánon. If you sing this song I will accompany you on the piano. Iámba akó siní. Sing this for me, please. (see kánta).



ambanón

Hiligaynon

Pertaining to, or affected with, a polypus in the nose. Iníng táo nagahámbal súbong sang isá ka ambanón. This man talks-as if he had a polypus,-as if his nostrils were stopt up.


ámbas

Hiligaynon

To cost much, be expensive, costly, cause greater outlay as compared with something else. Maámbas ang áni sang sa gálab. Harvesting rice with the small rice-cutter called kayóg is more expensive than harvesting with the sickle. Sa súbung siní nga trabáho maámbas ang sóhol nga inádlaw sang sa pákiaw. For such work daily wages are more costly than a contract for the whole. Nagámbas ang gásto námon tungúd sang ápat ka bátà námon nga dídto sa koléhyo. Our expenses were greater on account of our four children at college. Naambasán silá sang gásto sa karón nga túig, kay naginilísílis lang silá sang minasakít. They had larger outlay this year, for they fell sick one after another. Iníng kláse sang paglútò maámbas. This kind of cooking is expensive. (see hákug).


ámbi

Hiligaynon

Open or exposed to the rain; to enter, come through, said of rain being driven in by the wind through an open door or window or the like. Nagaámbi ang ulán. The rain is coming in. Ang ámon kalán-an ginaambihán sang ulán. The rain is coming into our dining room. Ang ákon kwárto ámbi sa ulán. My room is exposed to the rain. Kon mamádlus ang hángin maambihán ka dirí sang ulán. If the wind is strong the rain will drive in here where you are. (see ábong-open to the wind).


ámbit

Hiligaynon

Participation, share, part; to participate, have a part or share in. Húo, magaámbit gid akó sinâ nga bínhì. Yes, I shall certainly get a share of that seed-grain. Paambitá akó sinâ nga bínhì. Let me have a share of that seed-grain. Húo, kon malúyag ka, ipaámbit ko sa ímo ang isá ka pásong sináng bínhì. Yes, if you wish, I'll let you have a bushel of that seed-grain. Ang tanán nga mga táo malúyag magámbit (maghiámbit, magpanghiámbit) sang lángit. All men wish to get a place in heaven-or-to participate in the joys of heaven. Naambitán ko man ang maáyo níla nga kapaláran. I also participated in their good luck. Paambití sa íya iníng mga páhò. Let him have a share of these mangoes, (see áyap, ámò, báhin, lábut).


ámion

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, sweet smell, agreeable odour, perfume, scent; to be or become fragrant, sweet-smelling, scented, odoriferous. Iníng matahúm nga búlak walâ sing ámion (kaámion). This beautiful flower has no scent. Nagámion na ang hulút tungúd sináng mga búlak. The room became fragrant on account of those flowers. Naamionán akó siní nga búlak, ápang si Fuláno nabahoán. I like the smell of this flower, but N.N. dislikes it. Ang kalabánan sang mga búlak nga dirâ sa ámon pamulákan nagapangámion. Most of the flowers in our garden are fragrant. (see kaámion, maámion, pangámion, ámyon, hamút, humút).


amó-ámo

Hiligaynon

(H) Dim. of amó. To be about the same, to resemble, be something like. Ang tunúg siníng linggánay nagakaamóámo sa tunúg sang linggánay sa ámon bánwa. The sound of this bell is nearly the same as that of the bell in our town. Amóámo silá nga duhá sing kataasón. They are both of about the same height. (see agíd-ágid, anggíd-ánggid).


amô-ámò

Hiligaynon

Dim. of amô. Also: A game at cards. Nagaamôámò silá-or-nagahámpang silá sang amôámò. They are playing the game called amôámò.


ámog

Hiligaynon

Very touchy, extremely sensitive, thin-skinned, crying upon the least occasion, etc. Amog nga bátà. A very touchy child. Also: to be or become touchy, etc. Sán-o pa ikáw magámog? When did you become so touchy? Since when are you so sensitive? Naamogán kamí sa íya. We consider him, very touchy. Indì ka maginámog. Don't be over-sensitive. Indì ka magpatámà sang ímo pagkaámog. Don't go too far in your sensitiveness. (see bingít, pawíkan).


amolít

Hiligaynon

To harm, damage, injure, spite, do mischief to. Indì ka magamolít sa ákon-or-índì mo akó pagamolitán. Don't do me any harm. Don't harm me. Ginamolitán níla ang íya mga tanúm. They did damage to his plants out of spite. Sarìsárì ang mga pahítò nga íla gingámit sa pagamolít sang íya pangabúhì. They used various means to make his life miserable. Madámù nga mga pagbutángbútang ang íla ginamolít sa íya. They resorted to many calumnies in order to harm him. Inamolitán níla ang íya kalubihán. They spitefully damaged his coconut-plantation. (see dáut, tístis, panístis).


amóma

Hiligaynon

A present or gift of food and drink, hospitable entertainment, a treat; to entertain, regale, treat, give food and drink to, etc. Iamóma ko sa íya iníng mga ságing. I'll give him these bananas as a present. Amomáha siá sing maáyo. Treat him well. Nagamóma silá sa ámon sing dagáyà nga kalan-ónon. They treated us to plenty of delicate viands. Ihátag mo sa íya iníng duhá ka búlig nga ságing nga tigáylo sang kárne nga inamóma níya sa ákon. Give him these two bunches of bananas in return for the meat he gave me. Maálwan siá sing kamót sa pagpangamóma sa mga nagadúaw sa íya. He is open-handed in his treatment of visitors. (see aláw).


ámot

Hiligaynon

Contribution, mite, offering, donation; subscription; to contribute, subscribe, donate, pay a share, donate in common with others, etc. Magámot kamó. Contribute. You should contribute. Amóti nínyo ang simbáhan. Contribute for the church fund. Iámot iníng duhá ka mángmang sa mga nasunúgan sang íla baláy. Contribute these two pesos for the benefit of those whose houses were burned down. Amótan nínyo nga tátlo ang ákon báboy. The three of you should put your money together and buy my pig. May mga paámot sa madámù nga kinahánglan. Contributions are solicited for many needs. Paamóta siá sing madámù kay manggaránon man siá. Get him to contribute a good amount, for he is rich. Madámù ang walâ pa makahátag sang íla ámot. Many have not yet paid their contribution-or-subscription. Paamóti sa mga pumulúyò ang áton hospitál. Get the townspeople to give something in aid of our hospital. (see alamotán, umalamót, báyad, baláyran, tákay).


amóy

Hiligaynon

Grammatically incorrect, but often used and even printed for amó ang. Ang timáan sang Sánta Cruz nga amóy ibáwì mo sa ámon-. The sign of the Holy Cross made use of by Thee as the instrument for our redemption-.


amoyóng

Hiligaynon

(B) To stay, live, take up one's abode. Nagaamoyóng silá sa umá. They are living at their farm. Ipaamoyóng ko ang ákon masakít nga bátà sa ínyo baláy sa umá, agúd magáyo ang íya balatían. I'll let my sick child stay with you at the farm, in order that it may recover from its sickness. Ang ámon baláy amô ang naamoyongán sang pilasón. Our house it was in which the wounded man took up his abode. Paamoyongá iníng makaloló-oy nga babáe sa ímo baláy. Allow this poor woman to stay at your house. (see lúntad, puyô).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


anák

Hiligaynon

Child, son, daughter; godson, goddaughter; to give birth to, to bear a child, to be delivered of a child, to bring forth; to be godfather or godmother to a child at baptism or confirmation. Naganák siá sing isá ka laláki. She gave birth to a male-child, she was delivered of a boy. Iníng bátà ginanák ni Fulána. This child was born of N.N.-or-N.N. was godmother to this child. Buót ko ipaanák sa ímo iníng bátà. I should like you to be godfather (godmother) to this child. Manganák siá sa Sábado. He will be godfather on Saturday. Anka (ángka) iníng bátà. Be godfather (godmother) to this baby. Ang íla mga inanák. Their children or offspring. Anák-or-inanák siá sang isá ka panimaláy nga lutáw. He was of noble family, of good family. (see bátà, alángkon).


ananáy

Hiligaynon

Quiet, noiselessness, tranquility; quiet, gentle, tranquil, noiseless; to do quietly or noiselessly, perform without bustle. Ananáy ka sa pagbángon mo, agúd índì makibót ang mga nagakatulúg. Rise quietly, lest the sleepers should be startled. Ananayá ang paghákwat sang kólon, agúd índì mabúong. Lift the pot slowly (carefully), so as not to break it. Iananáy akó ánay sa paghákwat siníng masakít nga táo. Please, lift this sick man gently. (see hínay, mahínay, inanáy, alugáynay).


anáno pa

Hiligaynon

Quite frequently this means: (and) as is (was) to be expected, naturally, consequently, of course, as a matter of course. Hubúg siá kag madánlug ang dálan, anáno pa nakadúpyas siá kag nahúlug sa pángpang sang subâ. He was drunk and the road slippery; consequently he slipped and fell down the bank of the river.


anáno pa

Hiligaynon

Quite frequently this means: (and) as is (was) to be expected, naturally, consequently, of course, as a matter of course. Hubúg siá kag madánlug ang dálan, anáno pa nakadúpyas siá kag nahúlug sa pángpang sang subâ. He was drunk and the road slippery; consequently he slipped and fell down the bank of the river.


ánas

Hiligaynon

The reach, sweep or range of fire over dry grass, leaves, shrubs etc., as in jungle-burning (kaingín); to overrun, sweep over, said of fire. Iníng dútà inágyan sang ánas. This land was overrun by fire. Kon may kaingín dirâ maanásan man iníng dútà. If a kaingín-fire is started over there, this land also will be overrun by the flames.


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