Search result(s) - ádlaw

um

Hiligaynon

-um-, This syllable goes to form the following tenses: the Active Imperative, the Conditional Future, the Past. When the verb begins with a vowel, um-is put before the vowel, e.g. abút-to come, becomes umabút. When the verb begins with a consonant, um-is put after the consonant, e.g. halín-to depart, becomes humalín.

1) Active Imperative. Bumúhat ka sinâ. Do it. Make it. Uminúm ka na kag pumadáyon sang ímo paglakát. Take a drink and continue your journey. (búhat, inúm, padáyon).

2) Conditional Future. Kon lumígad na ang tátlo ka ádlaw bayáran mo akó sing (sa) waláy balíbad. After three days you must pay me without shift. Kon dumángat ka sinâ--. When (If) you obtain that--. (lígad, dángat).

3) The Past. In vivid narrative equivalent to what is called the Historical Present. Sang pagkabatî níya siní sa gilayón umílis siá kag lumakát. On hearing this he at once changes his clothes and sets out. Tumalikód lang siá kag humípus. All he does is to turn his back saying nothing. "Si Hesús nalóoy sa íya kag sumilíng:"--. Jesus had mercy on her and said:"--. Tumíndog na man si Nikolás, "Hóo, may katarúngan siá", sumalígbat siá sang íla halambalánon. Nicolas too stands up, and interrupting their conversation, blurts out: "Yes he is right". (ílis, lakát, talikód, hípus, silíng, tíndog, salígbat).

N.B. If, further, "l" is put after the first vowel of the verb, we get the forms umal-, umil-, umol-, umul-, which denote the agent of what the root signifies, e.g. umalági-a passer-by (ági); pumililî-an elector, voter (pílì); tumolóo-a believer (tóo); bumulúthò-one who goes to school, a student, pupil, alumnus (búthò); bumulúlig, bumululíg-helper, assistant (búlig); bumalákal-buyer, customer (bakál); tumalánum-planter, farmer (tanúm); sumilílhig-sweeper (sílhig); dumalalá-manager, conductor, leader, etc. etc. (see inm-, mag-, nag-, manug-, tig-, tag-).



yuhúm-yúhum

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of yuhúm. Ginayuhúmyuhúman kitá karón sang maalabáab nga sílak sang ádlaw. We are being smiled upon by the warm rays (beams) of the sun.


adláwon

Hiligaynon

Full daylight after sunrise. Adláwon na, bángon kamó. It's full day, rise. It's bright daylight. Get up.


kádlaw

Hiligaynon

Laughter, giggle, titter, snigger, chuckle; to laugh. Indì ka magkádlaw. Don't laugh. Ginkadlawán níya akó. He laughed at me. Dakû ang íya nga kádlaw. He roared with laughter. He guffawed. (see yúhum, lámhò, talángkaw, halákhak, arík-ik, hîhî).


kaladláwan

Hiligaynon

(H) Fun, funniness, drollery, ludicrousness, laughableness, ridiculousness, pleasantry, anything that excites laughter (with or without contempt); ridiculous, funny, droll, etc. (see kádlaw, kalaham-után).


kaladláwon

Hiligaynon

(H) Laughter, act of laughter, inclination to laugh. Ginkagát níya ang íya bibíg sa pagpugúng sang íya kaladláwon. He bit his lips to check (restrain) his laughter.


makakaládlaw

Hiligaynon

(H) Ridiculous, comic, laughable, risible, ludicrous, comical, amusing, exciting laughter, causing merriment, funny. (see kádlaw, makahalám-ut).


pakádlaw

Hiligaynon

Caus. of kádlaw-to laugh. To excite laughter, set one laughing, raise a laugh, have one laughing. Ginpakádlaw níya akó. He made me laugh. Pakadlawá ang bátà. Make the baby laugh. Ipakádlaw sa íya iníng bág-o nga lahóg. Make him laugh by telling him this new joke.


A Weekly, a periodical appearing once a week.


tingádlaw

Hiligaynon

The dry season, hot season, dry monsoon, the time from about the end of November till May. (see tingúlan-the rainy (wet) season).


ámbas

Hiligaynon

To cost much, be expensive, costly, cause greater outlay as compared with something else. Maámbas ang áni sang sa gálab. Harvesting rice with the small rice-cutter called kayóg is more expensive than harvesting with the sickle. Sa súbung siní nga trabáho maámbas ang sóhol nga inádlaw sang sa pákiaw. For such work daily wages are more costly than a contract for the whole. Nagámbas ang gásto námon tungúd sang ápat ka bátà námon nga dídto sa koléhyo. Our expenses were greater on account of our four children at college. Naambasán silá sang gásto sa karón nga túig, kay naginilísílis lang silá sang minasakít. They had larger outlay this year, for they fell sick one after another. Iníng kláse sang paglútò maámbas. This kind of cooking is expensive. (see hákug).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


arík-ik

Hiligaynon

To laugh heartily; a merry, jovial laugh, merriment. (see arók-ok, talángkaw, halák-hak, See also kádlaw-to laugh, smile, in general).


arók-ok

Hiligaynon

(B) To laugh heartily, but not boisterously. Anó ang ginaarók-ok mo? Why are you laughing so merrily? Iníng súgid takús nga arókokán. This story deserves a good laugh. (see aríkik, halák-hak, talángkaw, kádlaw, yúhum).


atubáng

Hiligaynon

To be-next,-near,-coming. Sa pituádlaw nga nagaatubáng. The coming week. Sa búlan nga ginaatubáng. Next month. (see atúbang).


áwot

Hiligaynon

(B) Toughness, hardness, tightness, immovability; to move with difficulty, to be hard-, difficult-, to deal with. Nagáwot na ang tinápay nga dáan. The stale bread has become hard. Gináwot níla ang súngsung sa botílya. They made the cork fit very tight in the bottle. Sang tingádlaw mahapús ang pagbukás siníng ganháan, ápang karón, kay tingulán na, nagáwot. In the dry season it was easy to open this door, but now in the rainy season it is difficult. Naawótan akó sa paggábut siníng lánsang. It was a hard job for me to draw out this nail. Ginawótan akó sináng táo sa pagpaháylosa íya. I had great difficulty in bringing that man over to my point of view. Iníng kárne maáwot. This meat is tough. (see tíg-a, húnit, hugút, paganót).


bánhaw

Hiligaynon

To rise from the dead, to raise to life again. Si Hesukrísto nabánhaw sing mahimayáon. Jesus Christ rose glorious from the dead. Ginbánhaw sang Diós si Lásaro. Lazarus was raised by God from the dead. Pagabanhawón gid sang Diós ang tanán nga mga táo sa katapúsan sang kalibútan. God will certainly raise all men from the dead at the end of the world. Indì ka makapabánhaw sing karabáw nga patáy na. You cannot raise to life again a dead buffalo. Ang kaadláwan sang pagkabánhaw. The day of the Resurrection. Ang Domíngo sang Pagkabánhaw. Easter Sunday, the Sunday of the Resurrection.


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