Search result(s) - iní

iní

Hiligaynon

(H) This, it. Gen. Dat. and Acc. siní. Iní nga--, sini nga--are frequently contracted into iníng and siníng. Iní nga líbro-or-Iníng líbro. This book. Ang tagíya siní nga baláy-or-siníng baláy. The owner of this house. (see diá, riá, inâ-that; yádto, ádto, ató-that (referring to objects farther away than inâ).



iní

Hiligaynon

(H) This, it. Gen. Dat. and Acc. siní. Iní nga--, sini nga--are frequently contracted into iníng and siníng. Iní nga líbro-or-Iníng líbro. This book. Ang tagíya siní nga baláy-or-siníng baláy. The owner of this house. (see diá, riá, inâ-that; yádto, ádto, ató-that (referring to objects farther away than inâ).


a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


á-a

Hiligaynon

An exclamation of sorrow, anguish or the like. A-a, kon amó inâ ang pangabúhî, maáyo na lang nga mamatáy akó! Ah, if life is such, it would be better for me to die! A-a, ano na man iní! Maanó na lang akó! Alas, what does this mean! What shall I do now!


abâ

Hiligaynon

(B) Oh! Ah! Really? Truly? Is it so, indeed? Abâ, matúod iní? Ah, is it really true? Can it be so? Nabáton ko ang isá ka makalilípay nga balítà-Abâ? I have received some joyful news.-Have you, really? (see abá, abáw).


abága

Hiligaynon

The shoulder; to shoulder, carry on the shoulder. Dálha lang iní sa abága mo or abagáha lang ini. Carry this on your shoulder. Malápad ang íya abága or malápad siá sing abága. He has broad shoulders, (see pangabága).


adá-áda

Hiligaynon

To receive in trust, to acquire with the prospect of ultimate ownership, to have some property provisionally settled on oneself during the lifetime of the testator (especially applied to lands distributed to their children by parents with the stipulation that the parents retain the ownership as long as they live, and may at any time change the previous arrangement). Nagaadá-áda siá siníng (or ginaadá-áda níya iní nga) bántud sámtang (miéntras) buhì ang íya ginikánan. This enclosed field is in his possession or administration during the lifetime of his parent (with the promise of ultimate ownership after the death of his parent). Ginpaadá-adahán níya ang íya mga anák sing mga dútà. He distributed some lands among his children.


adiós

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adios) God bless you. God speed you. Good-bye. Farewell. Also used as a verb, mostly with pa-. Nagpaadiós siá sa ákon or ginpaadiosán níya akó. He bade me good-bye. Ihátag mo iní sa íya nga ipaadiós ko sa íya. Give him this from me as a farewell keepsake. (see paálam).


akáy

Hiligaynon

(B) Darling. A term of endearment used towards small girls, sweethearts, daughters, daughters-in-law and other near female relations. Diín si akáy? Where is darling? Ihátag iní sa kay akáy. Give this to darling. (see índay, gíngging, néna, nénè, néning, púngpung; the corresponding masculine terms are nónoy, tótò, tútò).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ákon

Hiligaynon

To appropriate or acquire for oneself in the first person. Akónon ko iníng dútà. I'll appropriate this land, I'll make this land my own. Ginákon ko lang iní. I appropriated this for myself.


alálpak

Hiligaynon

To splash, turn over with a flop, as sods in ploughing or the like. Nagalinágpak lámang ang mga súk-ay nga nagaalálpak kon iní nga karabáw amó ang nagagúyud sang dáro. If this buffalo draws the plough the sods turn over with a flop. (see óklab, balískad, ápok, alalápok).


alì

Hiligaynon

Liked, appreciated, cherished; attached to, partial to; to like, etc. Alì ko gid iníng kálò, tulún-an, pagkáon, etc. I am partial to this hat, this book, this kind of food, etc. Ginaálì or ginapakaálì ko gid iníng mga sapátos. I like these boots very much. Dáw sa dílì gid matahúm iní, ápang ginálì mo. This does not seem to be nice at all, yet you liked it. Alíon mo na lang ang bág-o nga huégo nga ginhátag sa ímo ni tíyà mo. Just try to be contented with the new suit that aunt gave you. (see lúyag, palánggà, úyon, wíli, pakamahál).


amíg

Hiligaynon

Chum, pal, friend, shortened from amígo and used very familiarly and often also ironically or sarcastically. Si amíg ko Ipíng. My friend Philip. Ihátag mo iní sa kay amíg Tibóy. Give this to our friend Toribio. Nahisáyran na ni amíg Lúis nga-. Our good friend Luis (our opponent or adversary) is most likely aware of the fact that-(see atíd, akíd, idól, ábyan, amígo).


amó

Hiligaynon

(H) The same, that. Ang-amó ang-. He-, who-Amó iní. This is the same i.e. this is it. Amó gid iní. This is the very same. This is it exactly. Ang matinumánon nga táo amó ang pagabalúsan. The obedient man is the one who will be rewarded. The obedient man will be rewarded. Iníng idô amó ang naglagás sa íya. This is the dog that pursued him. This dog pursued him. Kon amó inâ-. If that is so, if that is or be the case-. Walâ man akó magapáti sinâ, ápang amó gid ang íya nga ginsilíng. I do not believe it, but that is what he really said, (see imáw).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


anáno

Hiligaynon

(H) What; of what kind, condition or quality; What? Of what kind? What is the definition, explanation or meaning of-? Anáno ang pagkaláwat? What is Communion? What does Communion mean? Makahibaló ikáw kon anáno ang pagkaláwat? Do you know what Communion is? Can you give a definition or explanation of the meaning of Communion? (see náno, anó; "anó" and "anáno" are often used promiscuously, though they are not quite identical in meaning; "anó" refers simply to the thing itself or asks its name, whilst "anáno" inquires into the real aim, purpose, explanation or definition of a thing together with its qualities, use, utility, etc. Anó, iní? What is this? What is the name of this? What do you call this? Anáno, iní? What kind of thing is this? What are the qualities, use, purpose, utility, etc. of this?


ánhon

Hiligaynon

From anó. Anhon mo? What can you do? Anhon mo iní? What shall you (will you) do with it? How are you going to use (handle, treat) this (it)?


anó

Hiligaynon

What; what?; Also used as a verb. Bisán anó or bisán kon anó. Whatever, whatsoever. Anó man ang íya sinâ nga kahulúgan? What is the meaning of that? Anó iní? What is this? Ginaanó mo ang idô? What are you doing to the dog? Anhon mo? What will-, can you-, do? Paanó kamó dirâ? How are you there? How are you getting on there? Maanó kamó? What do you want? Nagaanó kamó dirí? What are you doing here? (see anáno).


ántus

Hiligaynon

To bear, suffer, undergo. Magántus ka siní sing mapailúbon. Bear this patiently. Hántì kay ginhímò mo iní, antusá na man ang sílot. Well, as you did it, suffer the punishment now as well. Dì masáysay ang mga kasakít nga ginántus sang Aton Ginóo. The sufferings borne by Our Lord cannot be described. (see batás, agwánta).


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