Search result(s) - patíndog

patíndog

Hiligaynon

To erect, build, establish, found, make stand up, set up, stand (transitive). Patindogá ang baláy. Build the house. Patindogá ang karabáw nga nagalukó. Get the resting buffalo on its legs. Patindogí ang dakû nga bató dídto sing isâ ka bátà. Let a boy stand there on that big stone.



ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


i

Hiligaynon

A prefix used:-

1.) in forming all the passive tenses of many verbs having a passive in "i". Many verbs indicating an action that removes something from the agent belong to this class, as: to sell, send, throw, pay, give, hand over to (balígyà, padalá, pilák, báyad, hátag, túnghol), etc. In the forms with gina-and gin-the "i-" is either prefixed or (now commonly) left out entirely, whilst in the forms with paga-and pag-the "i-" comes between the root and paga-or pag-, e.g. hátag-to give. Iginahátag (ginahátag) níya iní sa ákon. He is giving me this. Iginhátag (ginhátag) níya iní sa ákon. He gave me this. Pagaihátag gid níya iní sa ákon. He will surely give me this. Walâ níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He did not give me this. Indì níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He will not give me this. Ihátag iní sa ákon. Give me this, etc.

2.) in expressing the idea of-the means by which-,-the instrument with which-, a thing is done, e.g. búhat-to make. Ibúhat iníng káhoy sang ákon baláy. Make use of this wood for building my house. Bakál-To buy. Iníng tátlo ka mángmang ibakál mo sing bág-o nga kálò. Buy a new hat with these three pesos, etc.

3.) in expressing a polite request, e.g. Ipalíhog mo akó ihátag sang ákon katahurán sa kay Fuláno. Do me the favour of paying my respects to N.N. (see ig-, iga-, ika-, inog-).

-i, A suffix used in the passive impersonal imperative, in the passive negative present, and in the passive negatived past of verbs having a passive in-an, e.g. patíndog-to set up, build. Patindogí (walâ níya pagapatindogí, walâ níya pagpatindogí) sing baláy iníng lugár. Build (he is not building, has not built) a house on this pot.


i

Hiligaynon

A prefix used:-

1.) in forming all the passive tenses of many verbs having a passive in "i". Many verbs indicating an action that removes something from the agent belong to this class, as: to sell, send, throw, pay, give, hand over to (balígyà, padalá, pilák, báyad, hátag, túnghol), etc. In the forms with gina-and gin-the "i-" is either prefixed or (now commonly) left out entirely, whilst in the forms with paga-and pag-the "i-" comes between the root and paga-or pag-, e.g. hátag-to give. Iginahátag (ginahátag) níya iní sa ákon. He is giving me this. Iginhátag (ginhátag) níya iní sa ákon. He gave me this. Pagaihátag gid níya iní sa ákon. He will surely give me this. Walâ níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He did not give me this. Indì níya pagihátag iní sa ákon. He will not give me this. Ihátag iní sa ákon. Give me this, etc.

2.) in expressing the idea of-the means by which-,-the instrument with which-, a thing is done, e.g. búhat-to make. Ibúhat iníng káhoy sang ákon baláy. Make use of this wood for building my house. Bakál-To buy. Iníng tátlo ka mángmang ibakál mo sing bág-o nga kálò. Buy a new hat with these three pesos, etc.

3.) in expressing a polite request, e.g. Ipalíhog mo akó ihátag sang ákon katahurán sa kay Fuláno. Do me the favour of paying my respects to N.N. (see ig-, iga-, ika-, inog-).

-i, A suffix used in the passive impersonal imperative, in the passive negative present, and in the passive negatived past of verbs having a passive in-an, e.g. patíndog-to set up, build. Patindogí (walâ níya pagapatindogí, walâ níya pagpatindogí) sing baláy iníng lugár. Build (he is not building, has not built) a house on this pot.


pátok

Hiligaynon

To found, erect, establish, institute, originate. Patóka ang isá ka maáyo kag pahunánan nga kumbuyahán. Found a good company with plenty of capital. Ang hinámbal ni Fuláno pinatókan ni Hosé sing madámù nga katarúngan. On N.N.'s speech José built up many arguments. Si Hesukrísto amó ang manugpátok sang Pagkakristiáno. Jesus Christ is the founder of Christianity. (see túkud, patíndog, pásad).


pumalatíndog

Hiligaynon

Builder, architect, shipwright, mason, engineer, or the like. (see tíndog, patíndog).


a

Hiligaynon

A suffix of verbs that have a passive in-on. This suffix occurs in the following tenses:

1.) The passive impersonal imperative. Buháta iní. Do this. (búhat, buháton). Higugmaá kag tahúra (-úda) ang ímo ginikánan. Love and respect your parents, (higúgma, higugmaón; táhud, tahúron, tahúdon).

2.) The passive negative past. Walâ níya pagbuháta iní. He did not do this. Walâ ni la pagtumána ang íla katungdánan. They have not fulfilled their duties, (túman, tumánon).

3.) The passive negative present. Sa karón walâ na níya pagaúmha iníng bánglid. He now no longer tills this slope, (umá, úmhon). Tungúd sang kadamuón sang íla mga páhò, walâ na níla pagaisípa, kóndì ginosokób na lang sa pasungán. Owing to the great quantity of their mangoes they no longer count them, but measure them by the bushel. (ísip, isípon). Ngáa man nga walâ mo pagapatindogá ang halígi? Why are you not setting up the post? (pa, tíndog, tindogón).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alintagá

Hiligaynon

A step, rung or round of a ladder; a stair of a flight of stairs or of a staircase; to do something step by step, leisurely, with pauses, with delays, interruptions or intervals. Ang hágdan sang ámon baláy may napúlò ka alintagá. The ladder of our house has ten steps. Indì ka magalintagá kon magsúgid ka sinâ sa íya, kóndì dayúnon mo gid ang ímo paghámbal. Don't use broken, hesitating language, when you recount that to him, but tell him what you have got to say in a coherent manner. Ginalintagá níla ang pagpatíndog sang baláy. They built the house slowly, step by step. (see halíngtang, halíntang id.).


alogás-gas

Hiligaynon

Full, complete (of payment); well done, thorough, perfect, faultless (of work); full, of the best, of a high order (of crops, etc.); to be or perform well, to become or make blameless, etc. Ang humáy nga pinatubás ko sang isá ka túig alogás-gas gid, ápang ang pinatubás ko sa karón nga túig támà kaupahón. The rice I harvested last year was splendid, but the one I harvested this year is full of blighted ears. Abáw alogás-gas gid ang ginbáyad ko sang ginbalígyà mo sa ákon kag karón ang ákon ibalígyà angkatón mo lang! Just think of it, I paid you cash in full for what you sold me and now you would like to get on mere credit what I have to sell to you! Maáyo gánì kon siá ang magapatíndog sang baláy, kay alogás-gas siá sing pangóbra. It is well, indeed, if he builds the house, for he is thorough in his work. Kon alogas-gasón ang ínyo trabáho, alogas-gasón ko man ang igasóhol ko sa ínyo. If you perform your work well, I, on my part, will pay you a generous wage. Ginalogas-gasán ko siá sa pagbáyad. I paid him cash in full.


apurá

Hiligaynon

(Sp. apurar) To hasten, make haste, hurry, be quick, do quickly, push on with. Apurahá ang pagpatíndog sang halígi. Get the post put up quickly. Magapurá ka sa íya sa pagpaúlì. Urge him to go home at once. Apurahá silá sa paghalín. Get them to leave soon. (see alipasá, dalî).


así-así

Hiligaynon

(Sp. asi, asi) So-so, indifferent, middling, mediocre; of no special value, ordinary, of the common run; to do light-heartedly, carelessly, thoughtlessly. Dílì siá así-así nga táo. He is no common man. He is better than the average. Sa pagpatíndog sing maáyo nga baláy dílì ígò ang isá ka así-así nga pánday, kóndì kinahánglan ang isá ka pánday nga sampáton. Not every common carpenter is fit for the erection of a good house, but an experienced or skilful one is required. Ginasí-así mo lang ang pagtokád sa matáas nga búkid. You ascended the high mountain quite light-heartedly, you went up the high mountain as if it were an everyday-trip.


atubangón

Hiligaynon

That will appear or happen soon, the near future. Karón sa atubangón magapatíndog akó sing bág-o nga baláy. I am about to erect a new house.


báis

Hiligaynon

Dispute, argument, discussion, altercation; to argue, dispute, discuss, quarrel. Indì kam*ô magbáis. Don't dispute. Ginabaísan níla ang pagpatíndog sang bág-o nga baláy. They are discussing the erection of the new building. Baísa si Fuláno. Argue with N.N. Ibáis akó ánay sa íya. Please, argue with him for me. (see súay, bagâ).


bákud

Hiligaynon

Strength, firmness, stability, stoutness; to be or become strong, firm, stout, sturdy. Nagbákud na ang ámon baláy, kay ginkaáyo sang pánday. Our house is now strong, because the carpenter has repaired it. Bakúron (-údon) mo ang pagpatíndog sang baláy. Build the house strong. Ipabákud sa pánday ang ímo baláy, agúd índì mapúkan sang bágyo. Get a carpenter to strengthen your house, or it will be blown down by a hurricane. (see líg-on, pág-on).


bankíya

Hiligaynon

(Probably from the Sp. banca). To help or join another in any work or undertaking, to contribute part of the expenses or capital involved in any scheme. Bankiyáhi akó sa paggásto siníng baláy nga ákon ginapatíndog. Help me to defray the expenses for the house I am having built. Ibankíya sa ákon ang ímong báka, agúd nga índì matám-an sang trabáho ang ákon karabáw. Assist me with your ox, lest my buffalo should be overworked. Ginbankíya níya sa ákon ang isá ka gatús ka mángmang sa ákon komérsyo. He helped me in my business with a contribution of one hundred pesos. (see búlig, tábang, ámot, búylog).


búdlay

Hiligaynon

Fatigue, hard work, toil, drudgery; to tire, require great exertions. Kon magkáli ka sing bubón pagabudlayón ka gid. If you dig a water-hole you will get very tired. Ginbúdlay or binúdlay níya akó. He tired me out, he required much work or great exertions from me. Indì mo siá pagbudlayón (pagpabudlayón) sing támà. Don't overwork him. Don't tire him out. Ginpangabudlayán ko sing dakû ang pagpatíndog siníng baláy. I had much work and trouble in putting up this house. Indì ka magdalá sing kahíkaw sa kinabudlayán sang ibán. Don't envy others what they get by much exertion. (see pangabúdlay, lúyà, rúyà, pául, kápoy, álay).


búgsok

Hiligaynon

Stake, post, upright, driven into the soil for a fence, etc.; to drive into the soil, plant a post and the like. Binúgsok na níla ang búgsok. They have driven the post into the ground. Bugsokí sing halígi iníng búhò. Set up a post in this hole. Ibúgsok mo akó ánay siníng kawáyan. Kindly drive that bamboo into the ground for me. Nagbúgsok silá sing Krus sa ibábaw sang linúbngan. They planted a cross above the grave. Ang solár nga pagapatindogán níla sang bág-o nga baláy nabugsokán na sing waló ka halígi. The ground on which they are going to erect the new house has already eight posts set up in it.


búlig

Hiligaynon

To help, assist, aid, lend a hand, give a helping hand, do or work jointly with another. Bulígi akó. Help me. Binulígan níya siá sa pagarádo. He helped him to plough. Nagabuligáy, nagabuligánay or nagabinuligáy silá. They are co-operating, helping each other. Ipabúlig ko sa ímo ang ákon sologo-ón. I'll let my servant assist you. Kon índì siá nínyo pagbulígan índì siá makatápus sang íya nga olobráhon. He cannot finish his work, unless you come to his assistance. Kay ginbulígan mo akó sa pagpatíndog sang ákon baláy pagabulígan ko man ikáw sa pagpatíndog sang ímo. Because you assisted me in building my house I will also help you in erecting yours. (see tábang).


dágiaw

Hiligaynon

To work-, help in work-without wages,-for nothing,-without pay,-voluntarily,-gratuitously. Nagadágiaw silá sa pagpatíndog sang ermíta. They are working without wages at putting up the chapel. Gindagiawán níla ang baláy sang kalasálon. They worked without pay at building the house for the marriage couple. Dagiawí akó sing duhá ka ádlaw sa pagóbra sa simbáhan. Help me by working at the church two days without pay.


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