Search result(s) - átan

batáng-bátang

Hiligaynon

(B) Dim. and Freq. of batáng. To rise and lie down alternately, to be a little sick, feel indisposed. Nagabatángbátang siá, kay malúya ang íya láwas. She rises and lies down again, for she is weak.



batáng, bátang

Hiligaynon

(B) To lie down. Ang bátà nagabatáng sa sábak sang íya ilóy. The child lies in its mother's lap. Pabatánga siá sa kátre. Let him lie down on the bed. Indì mo pagpabatángon ang káhoy dirí. Don't put the wood down here. Don't lay the wood here. (see hígdà).


binuhátan

Hiligaynon

Work occupation, doings, deeds, acts, performance. (see búhat, binúhat).


buluhatán

Hiligaynon

(H) Place where something is made, work-shop. Buluhatán-tinápay. A bakery. Buluhatán-sapátos. A shoe-maker's. Buluhatán-kálò. A hat-maker's shop. (see búhat:, pábrika).


dawatán

Hiligaynon

A receptacle, especially the bamboo receptacle used in the collection of toddy from the coconut palms. Ang sulúd sang salúd ginawaní sang mananggéte sa íya nga dawatán. The palm-wine collector empties the contents of the vessel attached to the fruit-stalk of the coconut palm into his collecting-receptacle. (see kawít, pasók).


garapátan

Hiligaynon

Common property, in common, joint, that belongs to several persons in common. Garapátan níla iníng kalubihán. This coconut plantation is their joint property, belongs to them in common. (see guráptan, guráput).


hululátan

Hiligaynon

(H) Waiting room. (see hulát).


kaawátan

Hiligaynon

Occupation, business, detention, engagements. (see awát, kalibángan).


kadagátan

Hiligaynon

Ocean, seas. (dágat).


abát-ábat

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of ábat. Also: to follow up, follow from place to place. Ginabátábat sang mga polís ang makáwat túbtub nga íla madakúp (nadakúp). The police followed the thief from place to place till they caught him. Abát-abáton nínyo ang duhá ka pamatán-on nga nagtabanáy túbtub nga ínyo makítà kag ibálik nínyo dirí silá nga duhá. Follow the two young people that have eloped till you find them and bring the two of them back here. (see sunúdsúnud).


ádat

Hiligaynon

Acridity, pungency, sharpness, bitterness; to be or become sour, sharp, bitter, hot, biting, acid, pungent, acrid. Ang nagakáon sing búnga nga línghod sang kabúgaw maadátan. He who eats unripe fruit of a pomelo tree will find it very bitter. Ang sabór siníng kabúgaw nagpaádat sang ákon dílà. The taste of this pomelo was like acid on my tongue. Naadátan ang tutúnlan ko. I feel a biting in my throat. (árat id.).


agá-ága

Hiligaynon

Every morning, regularly in the morning. Agá-ága or sa agá-ága makítà mo siá sa íya sululátan. Each morning you will find him at his writing desk.


ágda

Hiligaynon

To invite, to ask or request one's presence. Agdahá siá. Invite him. Ginágda mo na ang tanán mo nga mga ábyan? Have you invited all your friends? Ang áton piésta pagaagdahán ko sing madámù nga mga Párì. I shall invite many priests to assist at our feast. I shall request the presence of many priests at our feast. Ari na ang mga inágda. The invited guests are now here. Nalipatán níya sa pagágda sánday Pedro. Paagdahón ko siá sa íla or ipaágda ko silá sa íya. He forgot to invite Peter and his friends or Peter and his family. I'll make him invite them. Padálhan ko siá kuntánì sing sulát nga iágda ko sa íya, ápang walâ gánì akó kasáyod kon diín siá nagapuyô karón. I should like to send him a letter of invitation, but I do not know where he is staying at present. (see abiár, hágad, kángay, )


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alimúnaw

Hiligaynon

To disappear suddenly or unexpectedly, to melt away; to vanish, be missing. Nagalimúnaw gid lang ang ákon isulúlat sa tulungtúngan sang ákon sululátan. My pen was missing from the table in my writing office. Bantayí iníng mga páhò, agúd nga índì magalimúnaw. Watch these mangoes, lest they should melt away or disappear. (see limúnaw id. and more in use).


alipátpat

Hiligaynon

To drop asleep, to fall asleep unintentionally, to fall into a reverie when in company, to lose by day-dreaming the thread of conversation, to go wool-gathering. A person in this condition, if spoken to and recovering his wits, will as a rule apologize with a phrase like this: "Dispensahá akó, nakaalipátpat akó" or "Dispensahá akó, naalipatpatán akó". "Pardon me, I forgot myself". "Pardon me, my thoughts were wandering or I was distracted". Excuse me, I was not listening, (lipát).


amát-ámat

Hiligaynon

Little by little, step by step; to do slowly, gradually, leisurely, etc. Nagpadásig balá kamó sang ínyo paglakát?-Walâ, kóndì amát-ámat lang. Did you walk quickly?-No, quite slowly. Amát-amáton nínyo ang pagarádo. Plough slowly, little by little. Naamát-amátan gid námon sa pagbakál ang kalámay. We bought sugar only in small quantities at a time.


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


anhél-ánhel

Hiligaynon

Dim. of ánhel. Anything bearing some resemblance to an angel as commonly pictured, especially used with regard to children representing angels at the "Sugatán" on Easter Sunday.


ápgot

Hiligaynon

To be difficult of passage, as wheels over deep loose sand or through mud, walking through sticky mire, unripe, astringent or acrid fruit through the throat, and the like. Nagápgot ang dálan. The road has become quite sticky. Ang káro maápgot nga butóngon sang karabáw kay nalubúng sa lúnang. It is difficult for the buffalo to pull the cart for it has stuck in the mud. Naapgotán balá ikáw sináng búnga?-Walâ akó maapgotí, kóndì natanlasán gid akó. Did you experience some roughness in the throat from eating that fruit?-No I did'nt experience any roughness, on the contrary I could swallow it quite easily. (see sápnot, ápgas).


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