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sing

Hiligaynon

The indefinite article for the accusative and, very rarely, for the genitive. It corresponds to the English "some" and "a". Nakabakál akó sing ísdà. I bought (have bought) some fish. Ginbaligyaán níya akó sing mga páhò. He sold me some mangoes. Nagpatíndog siá sing baláy. He built a house. Walâ sing-nothing, no, none, nobody, no one. Walâ akó sing pílak. I have no money. Walâ sing anó man. It is nothing. Don't mention it. It is of no consequence. Walâ gid sing táo dirí. There is nobody here.



sing

Hiligaynon

An adverbial particle. Bantayí siá sing maáyo. Watch him well. Nagapangabúdlay siá sing mapísan. He works diligently. Sing (sa) madalî. At once. Quickly. Without delay.


sing

Hiligaynon

A conjunctive particle: Whilst, whereas, when. Walâ níla pagatumána inâ, sing amó kuntánì ang dápat níla pagtinguháon sing labí. They do not fulfil that obligation, whereas they should try to do so above anything else.


abága

Hiligaynon

The shoulder; to shoulder, carry on the shoulder. Dálha lang iní sa abága mo or abagáha lang ini. Carry this on your shoulder. Malápad ang íya abága or malápad siá sing abága. He has broad shoulders, (see pangabága).


ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


abáno

Hiligaynon

(Sp. habano) A cigar, especially one made by machinery, and sold by tobacconists (in contradistinction to the piokós-a home-made cigar, rolled by hand for private use). Bákli akó sing duhá ka abáno nga taglimá ka sentimós. Buy me two cigars of five centavos each. Indì akó makaúyon sang abáno kay matáb-ang; ginapasolabí ko gid ang piokós, kay labíng maísug. I do not like cigars sold by tobacconists, for they are too mild; I much prefer home-made cigars, because they are very strong, (see tabákò, tabakô, piokós).


ábat

Hiligaynon

To follow, go after (frequently with the meaning implied of summoning or calling back). Abáta siá. Follow him (and tell him to come back). Summon him. Ipaábat ko siá sa kay Hosé. I shall send Joseph after him. Iábat mo ang bátà sa íya ilóy. Take the child after its mother. Paabáti si Andres sa kay Pédro or ipaábat si Andres sa kay Pédro. Order Peter to go after or call Andrew. Nagpaábat siá sa ákon sing kabáyo. He sent a horse after me. (see ápas, sunúd, tawág).


abáy

Hiligaynon

(B) To join, enter, associate with, take to, mingle. Nagabáy na siá sa pagkapánday, pagkamangangawáy, etc. He has now taken to carpentry, has cast in his lot with the soldiery, etc. Dî mo pagiabáy ang ngálan sang Diós sa mga sugilánon nga kalibutánon. Do not mingle the name of God in worldly conversation. Indì mo pagábyan ang mga dîmatárung. Do not join with, associate with, wicked men. Abyí siá. Join him. Become his companion or associate. Ipa-*abáy mo ang ímo nga anák sa mga kaupdánan nga maáyo sing pamatásan. See that your child associates with companions of good behaviour. (see ábian, ábyan).


abilidád

Hiligaynon

(Sp. habilidad) Ability, capacity, expertness, talent, mastery, knowledge, dexterity. Walà siá sing abilidád sa amó nga palangakóan. He has no capacity for such an office, (see kasángkul, álam, kaábtik, takús, tinón-an).


abonár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abonar) To advance, loan, let have-, allow-, on credit. Abonahí akó ánay sing napúlò ka pisos. Advance me ten pesos. Iabonár lang ánay sa ákon iníng mga sapátos. Let me have these boots on credit. Ipaabonár lang sa íya ang íya mga kilinahanglánon. Let him have on credit whatever he needs, (see paútang, pahulám).


abóy

Hiligaynon

Bent, curved, warped; to bend, to curve, to warp, kink. Ang mga manuglagarì nagalagárì sang káhoy sonô sang íya abóy. The sawyers are sawing the tree according to its curve. Nagaabóy ang kalát, ang mga soléras, ang bánkò, etc. The rope is kinked, the floor beams are warped, the bench is sagging in the middle, etc. Butangí ang bánkò sing duhá pa ka tiíl sa tungâ, agúd nga indì magabóy. Add two legs to the middle of the bench, so that it may not sag or bend. (see táboy, lúy-on).


ábri

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abrir) To unlock, unfasten, open; to begin, commence, said of schools, classes, sessions, meetings, etc. Abrihi ang puérta, ang bintánà, etc. Open the door, the window, etc. Naabrihán na ang mga kláse. Classes have commenced. Ang makáwat walâ makaábri sang káha. The thief could not unlock-, open-, the safe. Kon walâ ka sing yábi nga ikaábri sa ganháan, bingkalá na lang. If you have no key that can unlock the door, simply burst the door in. (see bukás).


ábtik

Hiligaynon

Dexterity, adroitness, skill, quickness, expertness in invention or execution; to be or become expert, adroit, dexterous, skillful. Bisán pa gánì ang búndul nga táo kon maghánas sing may kapísan magaábtik. Even a slow man, if he practises diligently, will become dexterous. Abtiká ang pagsulát. Try to write quickly. Naabtikán gid akó sang iya nga pagtahì. I was much impressed by her skill at sewing.


abúd

Hiligaynon

(B) Hem, edge; to hem, or edge garments by doubling and sewing. Abdi ang kamiséta ko or butangán mo sing abúd ang ákon kamiséta. Hem my shirt. (see sidsid, pilô, píod, dóble).


abút

Hiligaynon

To arrive, come to, reach, to appear on the scene. Sán-o pa ikáw magabút? When did you arrive? Sán-o ikáw magaabút? When will you come? Abutan ko ikáw karón sa ímo balay. I will come to see you presently at your home. Inabután siá sing dakû nga kahádluk. Great fear came over him. Anó ang ginapaabút mo? What are you waiting for? Paabutón ta pa ang koríyo kag ugáling magpaúlì. Let us wait for the mail to come in and then go home. Maglakát ka na sing madásig, agúd makaabút pa ikáw dídto sa napát-ud nga táknà. Now, walk quickly, that you may reach there at the appointed hour.


adá-áda

Hiligaynon

To receive in trust, to acquire with the prospect of ultimate ownership, to have some property provisionally settled on oneself during the lifetime of the testator (especially applied to lands distributed to their children by parents with the stipulation that the parents retain the ownership as long as they live, and may at any time change the previous arrangement). Nagaadá-áda siá siníng (or ginaadá-áda níya iní nga) bántud sámtang (miéntras) buhì ang íya ginikánan. This enclosed field is in his possession or administration during the lifetime of his parent (with the promise of ultimate ownership after the death of his parent). Ginpaadá-adahán níya ang íya mga anák sing mga dútà. He distributed some lands among his children.


ádat

Hiligaynon

Acridity, pungency, sharpness, bitterness; to be or become sour, sharp, bitter, hot, biting, acid, pungent, acrid. Ang nagakáon sing búnga nga línghod sang kabúgaw maadátan. He who eats unripe fruit of a pomelo tree will find it very bitter. Ang sabór siníng kabúgaw nagpaádat sang ákon dílà. The taste of this pomelo was like acid on my tongue. Naadátan ang tutúnlan ko. I feel a biting in my throat. (árat id.).


adelantár

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adelantar) To promote, ameliorate, introduce progressive methods or modern inventions; to advance, put on. Adelantahí akó ánay sing kwárta. Advance me some money. Paadelantahá ang taknáan (relóh) sing napúlò ka minuto. Put on the clock ten minutes. Kon magadelantár ikáw sa ákon sing napúlò ka mángmang magakosinéro mo akó. If you advance me ten pesos I am willing to become your cook.


kahápon nga ádlaw

Hiligaynon

Yesterday (in (during) daytime). Kahápon nga ága. Yesterday morning. Kahápon nga (sing) hápon. Yesterday afternoon or evening.


adóbo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. adobo) A dish of meat cut up or sliced and mixed with vinegar and various spices; to make or serve adóbo. Adobóha ang báboy. Work the pork up into adóbo. Bákli akó sing kárne, kay adobóhon ko sa panyága. Buy me some meat, for I am going to prepare from it a dish of adóbo for dinner. Anhon mo iníng kárne?-Adobóhon ko. What are you going to do with this meat?-I am going to make adóbo of it. Adobóhi ang mga bisíta. Treat the visitors to a dish of adóbo. Makahíbalo ka magadóbo? Do you know how to prepare adóbo? Anhon mo iníng lánggaw?-Iadóbo ko sa kárne. What are you using this vinegar for?-I am going to use it for a dish of adóbo.


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