Search result(s) - káhoy



Tree; wood.



Bent, curved, warped; to bend, to curve, to warp, kink. Ang mga manuglagarì nagalagárì sang káhoy sonô sang íya abóy. The sawyers are sawing the tree according to its curve. Nagaabóy ang kalát, ang mga soléras, ang bánkò, etc. The rope is kinked, the floor beams are warped, the bench is sagging in the middle, etc. Butangí ang bánkò sing duhá pa ka tiíl sa tungâ, agúd nga indì magabóy. Add two legs to the middle of the bench, so that it may not sag or bend. (see táboy, lúy-on).



Decomposition, rottenness, decay, blight, produced by the action of small worms, vermin, insects, parasites (both vegetable and animal), the decayed parts frequently being turned into powder. Also used as a verb. May agáy-ay or ginaagáy-ay ang káhoy, bugás, tápì, salúg, etc. The wood-, rice-, board-, floor-, is worm-eaten. Igátong na lang ang inagáy-ay nga káhoy. Use the worm-eaten timber for firewood. Ang kadiós inagay-ayán na man. The black peas have also become infested with blight.



To chip-, trim-, dress-, hew-, wood by cutting or splitting off small pieces. Agsapí ang káhoy. Dress the wood by chipping. Inágsap nga káhoy. A chip-, splinter-, of wood. Ang mga inágsap sang kawáyan ginapaámak sa kaláyo. Bamboo-trimmings are useful for lightning or kindling a fire. Iágsap akó ánay siníng káhoy. Please trim this piece of wood for me. Nagtínlò na ang inagsapán nga halígi. The post that was trimmed has become smooth. Paagsapá ang pánday siníng halígi. Let the carpenter trim this post. (see sápsap).



To fly off, scatter, spray, splash, bespatter. Sang pagbí-al ko sang káhoy ang mga inágsap nagágsik sa malayô. When I split the wood, the chips flew to a distance. Naagsikán akó sang lúnang. I got bespattered with mud. Indì ka magpalapít dirâ, kay básì maagsikán ka sing binílbig nga bató. Don't go near there, for you may be hit by a flying piece of stone. Paagsiká ang bató. Let the stone-chips fly. (see ásang, ásik, ápok, lásik).



To tear off, to bark, to strip (a tree of its bark). Ak-aká ang pánit sang káhoy. Strip the bark off the tree. Ak-akí ang káhoy sang íya pánit. Strip the tree of its bark. Pánit nga inák-ak. Bark torn or pulled off. Káhoy ngga inak-akán. A tree stript of its bark. (see bákbak).



To plug, bung up, stop up a hole by means of a pin, bolt, wedge or the like driven in from inside or from underneath the object to be plugged or mended. Alópi ang lusóng. Plug the rice-mortar. Iálop ko iníng káhoy sa lusóng. I am going to stop up the hole in the rice-mortar with this piece of wood. (see hálop; for the cork or stopple of a bottle "súngsung" is to be used).



(Sp. alza, alzar) A rise in price; the raising of merchandise, money, etc. on credit; to raise, lift, hoist; to get on credit. Ang tanán nga mga balalígyà sa almasín siníng komersyánte álsa gid lámang sa Ilóng-ílong or ginálsa gid lámang níya sa Ilóng-ílong. All the goods on sale in the store of this merchant are (were) obtained by him on credit from Iloilo. Alsahá pa gid ang káhoy sing diótay. Raise the wood yet a little. Alsahí iníng lugár sang mga bató. Remove the stones from this place. Alsahá ang tíngug mo. Raise your voice to a higher pitch. Iálsa akó ánay siníng láta nga túbig. Please lift this can of water for me. Alsahán mo gid ánay ang baráha kag ugáling ipanhátag (ipanghátag). First cut the cards and then deal them out. (For an increase in wages and the like "pasákà" is to be used. Napasakáan ang íya sóhol. His wages have been raised).



Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.



(Sp. andamio) Gangplank, gangway, gangboard, a narrow framework or platform for the passage of vehicles and pedestrians; scaffold; to use or apply a gangboard, etc. Butangí sing andámio ang baróto. Place a gangplank on the ferryboat. Andamiohí ang alágyan. Put a gangplank where the people pass. Iandámio ko iníng tápì. I'll use this board as a gangway. Andamiohá iníng káhoy. Make a gangway out of this wood. Paandamiohán mo sa íla ang sakayán, agúd makasákà ang mga sumalákay. Let them put a gangway to the boat, that the passengers may be able to go on board. (see latayán).



The definite article: The. Ang baláy. The house. Ang káhoy. The tree or wood. In many instances the Visayan language uses the definite article where it is left out in English, e.g. Ang Diós, ang lángit, ang pagkaláwat, ang bádlis, ang Manílà, ang Ameriká, ang pagkalipát, etc. God, heaven, Communion, Extreme Unction, Manila, America, forgetfulness, etc. (see si).



To float, glide or swim along the surface of a fluid, to carry off (of liquids). Ginánod sang subâ ang ákon dútà. The river carried off my land. Andamí ang imó nga káhoy nga malapít sa subâ, kay básì anóron (anódon) sang sulúg. Look after your timber lying near the river, for it may be carried off by the current. Ang kawáyan nga pulúnton ginapaánod sa subâ. Bamboos for fish-traps are floated down the river. Ipaánod-or-paanóra (paanóda) ang káhoy. Float the wood. Get the wood down by floating. Paanóri (paanódi) ang túbig sing kawáyan. Throw a bamboo in to float on the water. (see utáw-útaw, lutáw, kútaw).



To be speechless with wonder or surprise, to be bewildered, to be at a loss what to do or where to turn on account of so many things claiming attention. Ginapáhan akó sang madámù nga mga búnga nga nadágdag sa káhoy. I was at a loss what to do on account of the great amount of fruit that fell from the tree (wishing to gather it all up at once). Ginaapáhan siá sang madámù nga pagkáon. He is quite perplexed by the plentiful supply of food (wishing and unable to partake of so many dishes at the same time). (see apâ).



To cut off near the root or close to the ground. Apasón mo ang paggúnting sang ákon bohôk. Cut my hair very short. Apasá ang pagtapás sang káhoy. Cut off the tree near the ground. Tuód nga inapasán. A stump cut close to the ground i.e. a short stump. (see sóop).



To fly or jump off as a chip of wood, stone, etc. Naapókan akó sang napíngas nga bató. I was struck by a flying piece of stone. Diótay lang akó apókan sang bató. The flying stone nearly hit me. Nagápok ang inágsap nga káhoy sa malayô. The chip of wood flew far. Inápok ang napíngas nga bató. The chip of stone was sent flying off. Inapókan siá sang isá ka báhin sang rekamará nga naglupók. He was hit by a piece of the mortar that burst. (see ásik, ágsik, ásang, ályas).



(Sp. arbol) Tree. (see káhoy).



To strike in, add a hand to, to do something together with another in quick turns as one helping another to pound rice, workmen felling a tree or trimming wood by alternate blows, etc. Asod without any other qualification mostly means: to help another pound rice by alternate blows of the pestles. Asdi (asódi) si mánang mo. Help your elder sister to pound rice. Asdi si mánong mo sa pagtapás sang káhoy. Help your elder brother to fell the tree (by giving alternate strokes of the axe, now on this side, now on the other side of the tree). Ang pagásod sa pagkánta maláin, sa pagbásbas kag pagbayó maáyo. To strike in after another in singing (out of unison) is bad, but for dressing timber or pounding rice it is the proper or right thing to do. Ginásdan níla nga duhá sang ákig si Fuláno. They, both of them together, vented their anger on N.N.



(Sp. hasta) Till, until; even, not even. Hulatá akó ásta sa las díes. Wait for me till ten o'clock. Asta sa katapúsan. Till the end. To a finish. Ginpúkan sang bágyo ang tanán nga mga tanúm ásta ang mga dalágkù nga káhoy. The hurricane levelled all plants with the ground, even large trees. (see túbtub).



A line, stroke, sign or mark with a pencil, pen or the like; to line, sign, mark with a stroke of the pen, brush, etc. Badlitá or badlití ang papél sang ímo plúma. Mark the paper with a stroke of your pen. Ibádlit ang lápis sa káhoy. Mark the wood with the pencil. Iníng papél nabadlitán sing tátlo ka kúris. This paper has been marked with three strokes. Dílì mo pag-ipabádlit ang papél sa mga bátà. Don't permit the children to make lines on the paper. Indì mo siá pagpabadlitón sang papél. Do not allow him to make lines on the paper. Anhon mo kon amó inâ ang bádlit sang pálad mo? What can you do, if such is the streak in your fate? Ang íya mga kílay dáw binádlit sang isá ka tigduág. Her eyebrows are (were) like the strokes of a painter's brush. (see kúris, kúrit, kurít, kúdlit, etc.).



The scar of a cut; pock-marks, the pits of smallpox; to trim or dress by cutting off small pieces, to raze mounds. Bag-así ang káhoy sang dáldag. Dress the wood with the adze. Ibág-as ang wásay sa káhoy. Use the hatchet to trim the wood. Nagsaláma na ang plása, kay nabag-asán ang mga boklódbóklod kag natampokán ang mga limpásong. The public square is level now, for the mounds have been razed and the holes filled up. May bág-as ang íya nawóng. His face is marked (pitted) with small-pox. (see bás-bas).

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