Search result(s) - lúsì

lúsì

Hiligaynon

To break, bend, blunt, said of pointed tools and other things not made of metal. Nalúsì ang ákon báhì. My wooden dibble has got blunted. Nalusían akó sing kokó. One of my fingernails has got jagged. Ginlúsì ni Fuláno ang púnta siníng búgsok. N.N. broke the point of this wooden stake.



lúsò

Hiligaynon

To fray, be torn to shreds, be torn to ribbons. Nagkalúsò tungúd sang bágyo ang mga dáhon sang ságing. The banana-leaves were torn to shreds by the hurricane. (see lúsì).


tâtâ, tátà

Hiligaynon

To fray (out), untwist, unravel, wear out, tear to (in, into) rags (tatters), to break or crush so as to unloosen the fibres; to ravel out, become untwisted, broken, crushed. Ang amó nga kasubô nagtâtâ sang mga nahót sang íya tagiposóon. That sorrow broke her heart (heart-strings). Natâtâ (Nagkatâtâ) na ang kalát, ang púnta sang búgsok, etc. The rope has become untwisted, the point of the stake got blunted, etc. (see sâsâ, tástas, lúsì, lúsò, nútnut, nátnat, lumâ, pusâ).


alusíman

Hiligaynon

A kind Of grass that is often fed to pigs; a kind of purslain, purslane.


lúsiat

Hiligaynon

Weakness, debility; feeble, weak; to become weak, frail, feeble. Naglúsiat siá. He became weak. (see luyát).


lusír

Hiligaynon

(Sp. lucir) To show off, display, shine. Buút siá maglusír. He wishes to display his accomplishments-wishes to shine. (see paámpag, padayáw).


What is to-, should-, can-, be examined or investigated, subject to examination or inquiry. (see usísà).


What is to-, should-, can-, be examined or investigated, subject to examination or inquiry. (see usísà).


ágwa

Hiligaynon

(Sp. agua) Water; perfume, scented water, scent. Ano nga ágwa ang ímo ginagámit? What sort of scent do you use? (see túbig-Water for drinking, cooking and washing is nearly always called "túbig" or "túbì", whilst the term "ágwa" is almost exclusively applied to perfumes). (see pahamút).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


bálhot

Hiligaynon

To regard, have consideration for. This term seems to be used almost exclusively in the following or similar phrases: Indì mo na akó ikabálhot or walâ na ikáw pagbálhot sa ákon. You don't respect me any longer, you have no regard or consideration for me any more. (see bárhot, banâ, tahâ, panagubáli).


bálus

Hiligaynon

Answer, reply, rejoinder, response, retort, return, reward, recompense, remuneration, requital, guerdon; to answer, return, pay back, reward, recompense, requite. Balúsi ang íya sulát. Answer his letter. Balúsi (básli) ang íya kaló-oy sa ímo sa maáyo nga pagtábang sa íya mga kalisúd. Return his mercy to you by assisting him whole-heartedly in his difficulties. Ibálus mo sa íya iníng isá ka búlig nga ságing sa duhá ka sandíya nga íya ginpadalá sa ákon. Give him this bunch of bananas in return for the two melons he sent me. Anó ang saráng ko ikabálus sa ímo? What return can I make you? How or wherewith can I repay you? Kon akó índì makabálus sa ímo ang Diós amó ang magabálus sa ímo. If I cannot make you a fitting return, God will do so. Balúsan kamó sang Mahál nga Diós. May God reward you. Binalúsan (ginbáslan, bináslan) akó níya sing maláin. He made me a bad return. Ibálus mo akó ánay síning sulát ni Fuláno. Please answer this letter of N.N. for me. Ginbalúsan (Ginbálus) níya sing pilô ang pagtámpà sa íya ni Fuláno. He paid back twofold the slap he received from N.N. (see timalús).


bugáy

Hiligaynon

Gift, present, donation, favour; to make a gift or donation. Ginbugayán siá sang Mahál nga Diós sing madámù nga mga grásya. He had many graces bestowed upon him by God. Ang mga bugáy sang Diós nga Espiritú Sánto. The gifts of the Holy Ghost. Ginbugáy sang Diós sa áton ang Sántos nga Pagtóo. God granted us the gift of Holy Faith. Iníng makalilípay nga tabû bugáy sang Diós sa ímo. This joyful event is a favour sent you by God. (see hátag, dólot, dúlut, regálo). (N.B. "bugáy" is almost exclusively used for supernatural gifts or favours received from God).


búgtong

Hiligaynon

Only, solitary, exclusive, only specimen of the kind. Ang búgtong nga Anák sang Diós. The Only Son of God.


bulús

Hiligaynon

To take another's place, to succeed, substitute, take one's turn. Magbulús ka sa íya sa pagarádo. Now, take his place in ploughing. Sín-o ang nagbulús sa íya? Who succeeded him? Sa pituádlaw nga mabulús. Next week. Búsli (bulusí) siá sa pagdalá sang bakág. Take his place in carrying the basket. Nagbuslánay silá magbítbit sang maléta. They carried the handbag by turns. (see tál-us, salíli).


dupág

Hiligaynon

(B) Distracted, preoccupied, busy. Walâ ko mabalúsi ang ímo sulát kay dupág akó kaáyo. I could not answer your letter, because I was so busy. (see lupág).


e

Hiligaynon

The Visayan language has a vowel-sound that is neither that of Spanish "e" nor of Spanish "i", but occupies a position somewhere between the two. Consequently this sound is represented sometimes by "e" and sometimes by "i", even in spelling the same word, e.g. babáye, babáe, babáyi, babái; bebíngka, bibíngka; bígne, bígni, etc.

In choosing between the two vowels "i" has a better claim to recognition than "e", for the following reasons:-

1) The full open sound of "e" is never heard in Visayan, whereas "i" is often very clearly and sharply pronounced.

2) Whilst it is true that in many words the sound, of which we have spoken, is vague, yet as a rule it approaches "i" more nearly than "e".

The conclusion is that "i" can always be used, and that "e" might without loss be abolished from the Visayan Alphabet.

The following words under "e" are given, because, although they are of Spanish origin, yet they are frequently used in Visayan.


e

Hiligaynon

The Visayan language has a vowel-sound that is neither that of Spanish "e" nor of Spanish "i", but occupies a position somewhere between the two. Consequently this sound is represented sometimes by "e" and sometimes by "i", even in spelling the same word, e.g. babáye, babáe, babáyi, babái; bebíngka, bibíngka; bígne, bígni, etc.

In choosing between the two vowels "i" has a better claim to recognition than "e", for the following reasons:-

1) The full open sound of "e" is never heard in Visayan, whereas "i" is often very clearly and sharply pronounced.

2) Whilst it is true that in many words the sound, of which we have spoken, is vague, yet as a rule it approaches "i" more nearly than "e".

The conclusion is that "i" can always be used, and that "e" might without loss be abolished from the Visayan Alphabet.

The following words under "e" are given, because, although they are of Spanish origin, yet they are frequently used in Visayan.


gáwas

Hiligaynon

Except, without, not including, excluding, exclusive of, to the exclusion of. (see luás).


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