Search result(s) - humá

ahâ

Hiligaynon

To beseech, ask fervently, insist on obtaining some favour, importune. Nagahâ siá sa ákon sing bulúng sa pilás. He asked me insistently for some medicine for the wound. Ginahaán akó níya sing diótay nga humáy, kay nawád-an siá. He earnestly begged a little rice of me, for he had run short of it. Dilì matúod nga akó amó ang nagahâ sa íla, kóndì, hinonóo gánì, silá nagpangáyò sa ákon. It is not true that I importuned them, but, on the contrary, they asked me.



álias

Hiligaynon

To fly off, to fly out in all directions from a hole or receptacle, as rice grains from the mortar, if pounded unskilfully. Magaálias ang humáy sa lusóng kon tótwon sing bikwálon. Rice-grains will fly off in all directions from the mortar, if pounded awkwardly. Dî mo pagpaaliasón ang humáy. Don't let the rice-grains scatter. Don't send the rice-grains scattering or flying off in all directions. Sang pagbayó ni Fuláno naaliasán ang salúg sing madámù nga bináto nga humáy. When N.N. was pounding rice, many grains flew out and scattered over the floor. (see ályas, id.; ásik, ágsik, ásang, álwak, ályak-to spill (of water, etc.); wisík-to sprinkle, splash).


alíb-álib

Hiligaynon

A circular arrangement around a common axis as the steps of a winding staircase; arranged in such fashion; to arrange in a circle around a common centre. Alíbalíba ang paghaníg sang kólon. Arrange the leaves in a circle, when you line the bottom of the rice-kettle. Alíbalíbi sing mga dáhon sang burí ang tabungós, kon maggákut ka sang humáy nga bilinhíon. Close the tabungós-basket with burí-leaves arranged in a circle, when you tie up the rice to be preserved as seed-grain.


alíli

Hiligaynon

A loan contract, the loan to be paid, mostly at usurious interest, in agricultural products; to borrow money on such a contract. Kon índì ka magbáyad sing túbò, índì ka makaalíli. If you are unwilling to pay interest, you cannot get a loan. Nagsilíng siá sa ákon nga pagapaalilíhan ikáw níya sing napúlò ka mángmang kon magbáyad ka sa íya sing ánum ka pásong nga humáy sa tubás. He told me that he will lend you ten pesos, if you will pay him six bushels of rice at the harvest-time. Ipaalíli lang sa íya ang tátlo ka mángmang nga íya kinahánglan. Just lend him the three pesos he needs. Sing masamí ang mga manugpaalíli nagasokót sing lakás nga túbò. Very often money-lenders on an alíli-contract charge exorbitant interest. (see útang, hulám, língit, ángkat).


alogás-gas

Hiligaynon

Full, complete (of payment); well done, thorough, perfect, faultless (of work); full, of the best, of a high order (of crops, etc.); to be or perform well, to become or make blameless, etc. Ang humáy nga pinatubás ko sang isá ka túig alogás-gas gid, ápang ang pinatubás ko sa karón nga túig támà kaupahón. The rice I harvested last year was splendid, but the one I harvested this year is full of blighted ears. Abáw alogás-gas gid ang ginbáyad ko sang ginbalígyà mo sa ákon kag karón ang ákon ibalígyà angkatón mo lang! Just think of it, I paid you cash in full for what you sold me and now you would like to get on mere credit what I have to sell to you! Maáyo gánì kon siá ang magapatíndog sang baláy, kay alogás-gas siá sing pangóbra. It is well, indeed, if he builds the house, for he is thorough in his work. Kon alogas-gasón ang ínyo trabáho, alogas-gasón ko man ang igasóhol ko sa ínyo. If you perform your work well, I, on my part, will pay you a generous wage. Ginalogas-gasán ko siá sa pagbáyad. I paid him cash in full.


áman

Hiligaynon

To add, superadd, throw in, give something in addition to what has been bought or is contracted for. Amáni akó sing isá ka gamól nga humáy. Add one handful of rice gratis or give me one handful of rice over (in addition to my share for harvesting, etc.). Iaman mo sa ákon iníng isá ka bílog nga ísdà. Let me have this fish too (in addition to the fish I have bought, etc.). Also used as a noun. Walâ sing áman? Is there no gratis-addition? May diótay gid man nga áman kon matambingán mo ang báyad. There is a little more thrown in, if you pay spot cash. (see támba, dúgang).


ámbak

Hiligaynon

(B) To jump down; to drop or fall down, as water over a precipice, etc. Ang túbig nagaámbak sa busáy. The water falls down over the precipice. Ang bátà nagámbak sa subâ humalín sa pángpang. The boy jumped into the river from the bank. Ambakí ang bató dídto. Jump down on that stone there. Ambak lang. Just jump down. Paambaká si Fuláno. Make N.N. jump down. Iníng subâ may madámù nga paámbak. This river has many waterfalls or cataracts. Paambakón ta ang subâ, básì may madakúp nga ísdà. Let us put a barrier across the river, perhaps we may be able to catch some fish. (see túmbò-to jump up straight, to rebound from the floor; lúmpat, lúkso-to leap, jump, spring).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


áni

Hiligaynon

The rice-harvest; to harvest rice by means of a small rice-cutter called a "kayóg". Magaáni kamí sa buás. We will harvest rice tomorrow. Ania or ánya ang humáy mo, kay gúlang na. Harvest your rice, for it is ripe. Iníng talámnan sang maís ginánian or ginányan ko sang duhá ka búlan. I got a crop of rice from this corn-field two months ago. Mangáni or manganíhan pa kamí. We are going to work at harvesting rice. Indì mo pagpaaníhon ang mga táo sa ádlaw nga Domíngo kon waláy kabangdánan nga dakû. Don't order-, permit-, the people to harvest rice on Sunday without grave reason. Ginpaáni ko sa íla ang tungâ sang ákon humáy kag ang tungâ ginpagálab ko sa íla. I let them harvest one half of my rice with the rice-cutter (kayóg), and one half I ordered them to cut with the sickle. Indì na nákon pag-ipaáni sa táo ang ákon talámnan, kóndì ipagálab ko lang, kay pagahimúslan ko man ang dagámi. I will no longer permit the harvesters to cut the rice on my field with the kayóg, but I will order them to cut it with the sickle, for then I shall get some profit out of the straw as well. (see alányon, alaníhon-rice to be harvested).


árag

Hiligaynon

To select, choose, seek out and collect, especially applied to picking out the best or ripest fruit or grain from among the rest, as beans, monggo, rice, etc. Arága ang balátong. Pluck the ripe beans. Arági iníng humáy. Gather from this rice-field the ripest ears. Manuláon pa kamí ánay kag magárag sing kadiós. First we will look for vegetables and select the best kadiós-peas. (see ág-ag, pílì).


arós

Hiligaynon

(Sp. arroz) Rice, especially hulled rice. (see humáy, pálay, páray, bugás).


áyao

Hiligaynon

Satisfaction, sufficiency, enough; to satisfy, come up to the mark, fill up what is short, be sufficient or enough. Makaáyao balá ang isá ka pásong nga humáy sa ánum ka táo sa isá ka búlan?-Abáw, índì gid, hálus gánì nga makaáyao sa íla ang ápat ka pásong. Will one bushel of rice be sufficient for six men for one month?-Oh, no, by no means; four bushels will scarcely be sufficient for them. Kúlang pa ang pitó ka gántang sa isá ka pásong; ayáoa lang iníng pitó ka gántang. There are still seven gantas short of one bushel; just add seven gantas to make the measure complete. Magkúhà ka lang sing diótay nga humáy sa ákon tambóbo, ápang índì mo pagayáoon nga isá ka pásong. Take a little rice from my granary, but do not take a whole bushel. Kon magkádto ikáw sa malayô nga mga báryo maayáoan ka sa paglakát. If you go to far villages you will get quite enough of walking.


báhin

Hiligaynon

Part, division, lot, share, portion; to divide, make parts of, share out, separate into pieces, lots or parcels. Pilá ang ímo báhin? How much is your share or part? Bahína iní. Divide this. Bahíni si Fuláno sing isá ka báhin. Let N. N. have one share. Apportion to N.N. one share. Ginbáhin níya ang íya mánggad sa ápat ka párte. He divided his property into four parts. Ibáhin akó ánay siníng duhá ka pásong nga humáy sa tagápat ka gántang kag isóhol sa mga mamumugón. Kindly divide these two bushels of rice into heaps of four gantas each, and pay it out as wages to the workmen.


bálhog

Hiligaynon

Immature, half-ripe, unripe, green, not yet properly developed, said especially of rice and corn. Bálhog pa ang mais, humáy, etc. The corn, rice, etc. is not ripe yet. (see línghod, mánghud).


bángag

Hiligaynon

To crack, form fissures (said of the soil). Nagbángag ang ámon talámnan. Our field has cracks in it. Nabangagán ang humáy sa talámnan, kay dúgay na nga walâ magulán. There are cracks in the ground under the rice in the field, because it has not rained for a long time. Patubigán mo dáyon ang talámnan, agúd nga índì magbángag. Keep the field constantly under water or water the field constantly, lest it should form cracks. (see litík, balanâ, hirás).


bangís

Hiligaynon

Fierceness, ruffianism, brutality, truculence, ferocity, cruelty, violence, inhumanity; to be or become ferocious, inhuman, ruthless, brutal, fierce, cruel, to act fiercely, etc. Nagbangís siá. He got fierce. Nabangisán akó sa íya. I consider him violent. He is too violent for me. Indì ka magbangís sa ákon or índì mo akó pagbangisán. Don't act the ruffian with me. Don't talk fiercely to me. Don't treat me so cruelly. (see barís, píntas).


bántay

Hiligaynon

Watch, guard, observer; to watch, guard, observe, supervise, take care of, look after, keep an eye on. Bantayí ang ákon baláy. Guard my house. Take good care of my house. Bantayán mo lang akó dídto sa únhan. Just keep on the look-out for me there further ahead. Binantayán níya ang íla mga gího. He observed, watched their movements. Ibántay akó dídto sang ákon karabáw, maís, humáy, etc. Watch for me there my buffalo, maize, rice, etc. Manugbántay siá sang mga háyop, sang mga karnéro, etc. He is a herdsman or cowherd, a shepherd, etc. Anhél nga manugbántay. Guardian Angel. (see panílag, tíid, paníid).


baó-báo

Hiligaynon

Dim. of baó. Also: The instep, the forepart of the upper side of the human foot near its junction with the leg; the projecting knob on a Philippine plough, where the "sandígan" is joined to the "kabáyo" of the "dáro, arádo" (plough). The knob is somewhat like the shell of a small tortoise. Hence the name.


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