Search result(s) - pamatásan

abáy

Hiligaynon

(B) To join, enter, associate with, take to, mingle. Nagabáy na siá sa pagkapánday, pagkamangangawáy, etc. He has now taken to carpentry, has cast in his lot with the soldiery, etc. Dî mo pagiabáy ang ngálan sang Diós sa mga sugilánon nga kalibutánon. Do not mingle the name of God in worldly conversation. Indì mo pagábyan ang mga dîmatárung. Do not join with, associate with, wicked men. Abyí siá. Join him. Become his companion or associate. Ipa-*abáy mo ang ímo nga anák sa mga kaupdánan nga maáyo sing pamatásan. See that your child associates with companions of good behaviour. (see ábian, ábyan).



agíd-ágid

Hiligaynon

Similar, like, resembling; to resemble, to be like or similar. Nagaagíd-ágid silá sing pamatásan. They resemble each other in their ways or behaviour. Agid-agída silá, kon nagaparého ang íla dágway. Compare them to see, whether their shape is the same. Iníng baláy, agíd-ágid sa ámon. This house is something like ours. (see ánggid, anggíd-ánggid).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alogán-gan

Hiligaynon

To postpone, procrastinate, tarry, put off, delay; tarrying, delaying, etc. The verb is frequently used with pa-. Dílì kamó magpaalogán-gan or maginalogán-gan sa pagsílhig sang hulút. Don't put off sweeping the room. Ginalogán-gan níya ang pagkádto dídto kag tungúd sinâ walâ siá makaábut sang tábad. He put off going there and as a consequence came too late for the dinner or banquet. Indì siá magpaalogán-gan sa pagsakáy pa Manílà or índì níya pagialogán-gan ang pagsakáy pa Manílà. He will not postpone his trip to Manila. Alogán-gan siá sing pamatásan. He is inclined to procrastinate, put things off. (see palántang, agáp-to anticipate).


bána

Hiligaynon

Husband, a married man, whose wife is alive; to take a husband, to join a man in wedlock. Sín-o man ang banáhon mo? Whom then are you going to marry? Ayáw pagbanáha ang isá ka laláki nga walâ sing pagtóo. Beware of marrying a man without faith. Kon magbána ka, pilíon mo ang isá ka laláki nga maáyo sing pamatásan. If you marry, choose a man of good behaviour. Indì ka magpabána sang ímo anák sa isá ka laláki nga matámad. Don't give your daughter in marriage to a lazy fellow. (see pamána, pangasáwa, asáwa-wife).


bánbin

Hiligaynon

To pull out-, pluck out-, hairs by means of a thread or string, to beautify the hair or eyebrows by removing a few straggling hairs. May bág-o na man nga pamatásan nga ang mga laláki magpabánbin sang íla nga ágtang kag kílay. There is now a modern fad that men should beautify their foreheads and eyebrows by removing straggling hairs. Maálam ka magbánbin? Do you know how to pull out hairs by means of a thread?


batásan

Hiligaynon

Custom, manner, habit, practice, character, usage, ways, way of going on, use, convention. (see pamatásan, kagawián, kabuyó, kinaanáran).


binatasán

Hiligaynon

Custom, manner, usage, demeanour, behaviour. (batás; see batásan, pamatásan, kinaanáran, kinabatásan, kagawián).


bunáyag

Hiligaynon

Open, simple, honest, truthful, true, candid, straightforward, veracious, sincere, frank, outspoken, ingenuous, artless, unreserved; kind-hearted, open-hearted. Bunáyag gid siá sing pamatásan. He is very simple-hearted, simple-minded. (see bunáyon).


dáet

Hiligaynon

Peace, friendliness, amity, concord, harmony, amicableness, good social relations; to be at peace with, have good social relations, be on good terms with, etc. Kon magdaétay kamó masádya kamó. If you live together in peace you will be happy. Walâ sing dáet sa siní nga baláy, daláyon gid lang silá nagasulúay. There is no peace in this family, they are always quarrelling. Daéti si Fuláno. Be friendly towards N.N. Make peace with N.N. Dî mo pagdaétan ang mga maláut sing pamatásan. Don't enter into friendly relations with men of bad habits. (see hidáit).


gíkan

Hiligaynon

From, out of, derived from, originating from, resulting or proceeding from; to come, result, be derived from. Gíkan sa katámad nagímol siá. Through laziness he became poor. Silá nga duhá naggíkan sa amó nga panimaláy. Both of them came from the same stock or family. Anó ang ímo nga gingikánan (ginagikánan)? What stock or family do you come from? (what is your origin?) Kon sa karón nga mga tinúig madámù nga mga pamatán-on maláut sing pamatásan, nagagíkan inâ sa íla nga pagtuón sa mga buluthóan nga walâ sing pagtóo. If many young people nowadays misconduct themselves it is due to the fact that they are attending godless schools. Nabáton ko ang isá ka balítà gíkan sa Manílà. I have received news from Manila. (see halín, humalín).


hómoy

Hiligaynon

Quiet, taciturn, silent, mum, retired, saying little, mild, soft, gentle; to be or become quiet, etc. Hómoy siá nga táo. He is a quiet man, a man of few words, of a retired disposition or the like. Sádto ánay palahámbal siá kag támà kabíbo, ápang kútub sang pagbalatián níya naghómoy na siá. Formerly he used to be very talkative and of a lively disposition, but since he passed through a sickness he has become more retired. Hómoy siá sing pamatásan. He is gentle in his manners. (see úgdang, lígdong, hípus, komód).


hunâ-húnà

Hiligaynon

Thought, thinking, idea, reflection, cogitation, consideration, surmise, guess, opinion; to think, cogitate, reflect, ponder, consider, surmise, opine, guess. Hunàhunáa inâ sing maáyo. Think well over it-or-Consider that well. Naghunâhúnà akó nga--. I thought that--. Ginahunâhunáan na níla karón sing mabinalák-on kon anó ang maáyo nga isagáng sa maláut nga pamatásan sang mga bág-ong túbò. They are now considering with great solicitude what is the best way to check the bad habits of the rising generation. Sa ákon hunâhúnà--. In my opinion--. Walâ akó sing hunâhúnà nga--. I had no idea that--. Kon maghunâhúnà ka sing súbung nagasayúp ikáw. If you think that, you are mistaken. (see dúmdum, painóíno, sálig).


kutóskutós

Hiligaynon

Dim. of kutós. Andamí ang paghámbal mo sa íya, kay siá kutóskutós sing pamatásan. Be careful what you say to him, for he has a rather hot temper-or-he is somewhat irascible. (see pikón).


liliwánan

Hiligaynon

(H) Place of change or repetition. Liliwánan sang pamatásan. A reformatory, house of correction. (see liwán).


madayáw

Hiligaynon

Vain, ostentatious, conceited, showing off, dandyish, snobbish, foppish, dandified. Ang mga dalága nga madayáw kag lándì sing pamatásan--. Girls that are ostentatious and frivolous in their behaviour--. (dayáw).


móda

Hiligaynon

(Sp. moda) Mode, style, fashion, form, cut, shape, custom, manner, vogue. (see batásan, pamatásan, kinaanáran, úso, kinabatásan, kostúmbre).


panaláwsaw

Hiligaynon

To soak, drench, immerse, dip, plunge, put into a liquid; put to the test, examine, investigate; examination, investigation. Iníng mga butáng dápat nga usisáon sa isá ka dayág nga panaláwsaw. This matter should be investigated by a public hearing-or-in open trial. Nakapanagámsam kag nakapanaláwsaw siá sang maluíb nga pamatásan sang kalibútan. She has tasted and experienced the treacherous ways of the world. (see sáwsaw).


pánggas

Hiligaynon

To plant, sow, especially to plant seeds by hand in holes made by a stick, etc. Ipánggas ang maís. Plant the corn. Panggasí sing maís ang talámnan nga naányan na. Plant corn in the field from which the rice has been harvested. Ang mga ginikánan dápat magpánggas sang bínhì sang maáyo nga pamatásan sa lanúbò nga tagiposóon sang íla mga bátà. Parents should sow the seed of good conduct (manners) in the young hearts of their children. Walâ kamí sing humáy nga pinánggas, kóndì tinánum lang. We have no rice grown directly from the seeds, but only rice from transplanted seedlings. Ang pamánggas ángay sa mga bánglid, ápang ang panánum sa saláma nga wayáng. Seed-planting is suitable on slopes, but seedling-planting on level plains.


údal

Hiligaynon

To abate, diminish, slacken, languish, flag, dwindle, decrease, have the edge taken off, to blunt, dull. Walâ pa pagúdal ang pamaligyáon sa tínda (tiénda). Selling at the market is quite brisk still (has not slackened, grown dull, fallen off). Walâ pagúdal ang íya pamatásan. His habits are firmly rooted, difficult to reform or to eradicate. Indì mo pagudálon ang binángon. Don't blunt the bolo. (see búhin, hábul, hídal, hádal).


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