Search result(s) - maláin

maláin

Hiligaynon

Bad, wrong, wicked, evil, noxious, injurious, disadvantageous; ill, sick, infirm; unwholesome, bad for one's health. (see láin, maláut, kinaláin).



ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


apián

Hiligaynon

Opium. Indì ka magyúpyup sang apián, kay maláin inâ sa láwas páti kalág. Don't smoke (literally "suck in") opium, for it is bad for body and soul. Manugsiò sang apián. An opium-smoker, opium-eater. (see apyán id.).


ásod

Hiligaynon

To strike in, add a hand to, to do something together with another in quick turns as one helping another to pound rice, workmen felling a tree or trimming wood by alternate blows, etc. Asod without any other qualification mostly means: to help another pound rice by alternate blows of the pestles. Asdi (asódi) si mánang mo. Help your elder sister to pound rice. Asdi si mánong mo sa pagtapás sang káhoy. Help your elder brother to fell the tree (by giving alternate strokes of the axe, now on this side, now on the other side of the tree). Ang pagásod sa pagkánta maláin, sa pagbásbas kag pagbayó maáyo. To strike in after another in singing (out of unison) is bad, but for dressing timber or pounding rice it is the proper or right thing to do. Ginásdan níla nga duhá sang ákig si Fuláno. They, both of them together, vented their anger on N.N.


bálus

Hiligaynon

Answer, reply, rejoinder, response, retort, return, reward, recompense, remuneration, requital, guerdon; to answer, return, pay back, reward, recompense, requite. Balúsi ang íya sulát. Answer his letter. Balúsi (básli) ang íya kaló-oy sa ímo sa maáyo nga pagtábang sa íya mga kalisúd. Return his mercy to you by assisting him whole-heartedly in his difficulties. Ibálus mo sa íya iníng isá ka búlig nga ságing sa duhá ka sandíya nga íya ginpadalá sa ákon. Give him this bunch of bananas in return for the two melons he sent me. Anó ang saráng ko ikabálus sa ímo? What return can I make you? How or wherewith can I repay you? Kon akó índì makabálus sa ímo ang Diós amó ang magabálus sa ímo. If I cannot make you a fitting return, God will do so. Balúsan kamó sang Mahál nga Diós. May God reward you. Binalúsan (ginbáslan, bináslan) akó níya sing maláin. He made me a bad return. Ibálus mo akó ánay síning sulát ni Fuláno. Please answer this letter of N.N. for me. Ginbalúsan (Ginbálus) níya sing pilô ang pagtámpà sa íya ni Fuláno. He paid back twofold the slap he received from N.N. (see timalús).


bílang

Hiligaynon

To consider as, esteem as, judge, estimate, think, hold, take for, look upon as. Nagbílang siá sa íya nga makáwat. He took him for a thief. He looked upon him as a thief. Bilángon mo siá nga tíyò mo. Consider him (treat him as) your uncle. Ginbílang níla akó nga manugbúlung. They looked upon me as a doctor. Indì mo siá pagbilángon nga maláut, kon walâ mo masayóri. Don't pronounce him bad, unless you know for certain. Nalágyo siá, kay walâ na siá makabatás sang maláin nga pagbílang níla sa íya. He ran away, because he could not stand any longer their bad treatment of him. (see hunâhúnà, dúmdum).


bisyóhan

Hiligaynon

Vicious, naughty, petulant, peevish, pettish, fretful, bad, of evil customs or habits. Bisyóhan nga bátà. A naughty boy, a wilful child, a bad girl. (see maláin).


éntra

Hiligaynon

(Sp. entrar) To go in, enter, come in; to participate-, share-, partake-, join-, take part-, in. Entrahí ang pagkamúsiko. Become a musician. Join the musicians. Entra ka. Come in. Nagéntra ka man sa pagdúmug? Did you take part in the wrestling? Indì ka magpaéntra sa ímo baláy sang mga balasahón nga maláin. Don't permit bad reading-matter to enter your home. (see sulúd, abáy).


éntra

Hiligaynon

(Sp. entrar) To go in, enter, come in; to participate-, share-, partake-, join-, take part-, in. Entrahí ang pagkamúsiko. Become a musician. Join the musicians. Entra ka. Come in. Nagéntra ka man sa pagdúmug? Did you take part in the wrestling? Indì ka magpaéntra sa ímo baláy sang mga balasahón nga maláin. Don't permit bad reading-matter to enter your home. (see sulúd, abáy).


gáwì

Hiligaynon

Custom, manner, behaviour, habit, inclination, propensity, character. Ang íya mga gáwì maláin-or-maláin siá sing gáwì. He has bad habits. (see batásan, kinaanáran, kostúmbre).


gimáw-gímaw

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of gimáw. Púnggi ang maláin mo nga kaduyugán sa pagpagimáwgímaw. Curb that tendency you have to peep and peer.


gwâ

Hiligaynon

That is outside, exterior, outward, without, external, on the surface, superficial, apparent, forthcoming; upshot, outcome, result, final issue, conclusion; to go or come out, appear, show, make one's appearance (on a stage, etc.). Makaín balá iní? Anó balá ang gwâ siní? Where will this end? What will be the final outcome? Sa gwâ. Outside. Sa gwâ sang baláy, sang bánwa, sang Iglésya Katólika, etc. Outside the house, the town, the Catholic Church, etc. Gwâ (maggwâ) kamó. Go outside. Go away. Come forth, appear on the scene, make your appearance on the stage, or the like. Ang amó nga talanáwon pagagwaán ni Fuláno. That play will have N.N. as an actor. N.N. will appear in that play. Pagwaí silá sing matahúm nga sínta. Show them a fine reel (film). Pagwaá ang mga bátà. Make the children go outside. Send the children away. Pagwaí na kamí sang beláda. Start the play. Raise the curtain. Let the curtain be raised. Maáyo silá sa gwâ, ápang maláin sa sulúd. Outwardly they appear to be good, but their intentions are bad. Ginpagwâ níla ang tanán nga walâ magbáyad sang inogsulúd. They-put outside,-put out,-turned out,-expelled, all those that had not paid the entrance-fee. Indì siá makagwâ sa íya hulút, kay ginlyabihán ko ang ganháan sa gwâ. He cannot leave his room, for I have locked the door from the outside. N.B. Instead of pagwaón, pagwaán, etc. pagwáon, pagwáan, etc. are also used, especially in (B). (see luás, halín, búhì, lakát).


haón

Hiligaynon

(B) To suspect, lay the blame on, impute to, tax with, attribute or charge to, inculpate, incriminate, twit. Indì ka maghaón sing maláin sa íya. Don't suspect him of evil-doing. Ginahán-an (ginahaonán) siá nga siá amó ang nagkáwat. He is suspected of having stolen it. Indì mo paghán-an sing salâ ang ímo isigkatáo kon walâ mo masayóri sing matúod. Don't impute a fault to your neighbour, unless you are sure about it. Indì mo pagihaón sa íya ang kwárta mo nga nadúlà. Don't cast suspicion on him with regard to your money that was lost. (see bangúd, pabangúd, pahanungúd, hanâ, mókmok, sumálà).


himálus, himalús

Hiligaynon

To give or return "tit for tat", "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth", to avenge, take vengeance, retaliate, requite, revenge; retaliation, vengeance, revenge, paying back "in one's own coin". Indì mo paghimalúsan ang nagtístis sang ímo mga tanúm. Don't retaliate on the one who spitefully harmed your plants. Indì ka maghimálus sang maláin nga ginhímò sa ímo sang ibán. Do not take revenge for the evil done you by others. "Akon ang paghimalús, púlong sang Ginóo". "Vengeance is mine, saith the Lord". (see bálus, timalús).


hímò

Hiligaynon

To make, do, act, perform an act, deed or work, execute, accomplish. Indì mahímò inâ. That is impossible-or-that cannot be done. Ginhímò níya iní. He did (made) this. Walâ mo paghimóa ang ákon nga sinógò. You have not executed my order. Ginhimóan akó níya sing maláin. He injured me-or-did me some wrong-or-harmed me. Pagahimóon ko gid ang ímo nga túgon, bisán mabúdlay ang trabáho. I will surely carry out your order, even if the work is tiresome. Makahímò ikáw sinâ? Can you do that? (see búhat).


húmpil

Hiligaynon

To assist, side with, take part, be a partner in, help, protect. Humpilí siá. Help him. Indì ka maghúmpil sa maláin. Don't take part in bad (or wicked) things. (see ámpin, ápin, dámpig, dápig).


índì

Hiligaynon

No, not, not so, do not, you shall not, you must not, don't; to refuse, decline, prohibit, say "no". Mapailóngílong ikáw sa buás?-Indì. Are you going to Iloilo to-morrow?-No (I am not going, will not-, shall not-, refuse to-, go). Iní índì maáyo, kóndì maláin. This is not good, but bad. Indì amó inâ. That's not so. That isn't it. Indì ka magbúhat sinâ or Indì mo pagbuháton inâ. Don't do that. Indì akó magbúhat sinâ. I will not (shall not) do that. I have no intention of doing that. Nagíndì siá. He said "no", he refused, he declined. Indión mo siá. Refuse him. Reject him. (see dílì, , walâ, N.B. Indì and dílì are negative particles to be used in connection with a refusal or non-intention, with a non-conformity, with prohibitions and futures, whilst walâ (no, none, there is not, does not exist) expresses either the lack, absence or non-existence of something, or the fact that an action or event has not taken, or is not taking, place).


índì

Hiligaynon

No, not, not so, do not, you shall not, you must not, don't; to refuse, decline, prohibit, say "no". Mapailóngílong ikáw sa buás?-Indì. Are you going to Iloilo to-morrow?-No (I am not going, will not-, shall not-, refuse to-, go). Iní índì maáyo, kóndì maláin. This is not good, but bad. Indì amó inâ. That's not so. That isn't it. Indì ka magbúhat sinâ or Indì mo pagbuháton inâ. Don't do that. Indì akó magbúhat sinâ. I will not (shall not) do that. I have no intention of doing that. Nagíndì siá. He said "no", he refused, he declined. Indión mo siá. Refuse him. Reject him. (see dílì, , walâ, N.B. Indì and dílì are negative particles to be used in connection with a refusal or non-intention, with a non-conformity, with prohibitions and futures, whilst walâ (no, none, there is not, does not exist) expresses either the lack, absence or non-existence of something, or the fact that an action or event has not taken, or is not taking, place).


íway

Hiligaynon

To go away, leave, go off, depart from. Iway ka dirí. Go away from here. Nagíway na ang kalisúd. The trouble has passed-or-The difficulty is over. Ipaíway mo ang maláin nga mga bátà. Drive off the misbehaving (bad) boys. Ginpaíway níla ang mga apán. They drove away the locusts. O Diós ko, ipaíway mo sa ámon ang maláut nga mga hunâhúnà. Oh my God, drive away from us evil thoughts. (see halín).


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