Search result(s) - dílì

dílì

Hiligaynon

(H) No, not, nay; to say no, deny, negative, gainsay, interdict, prohibit, forbid, proscribe, ban, bar, debar, disallow, forefend, refuse permission. Dílì amó inâ. That is not it. Iníng baláy dílì ákon. This house is not mine. Dílì ka magálam, kon dílì ka magtoón. You will not become learned, unless you study. Nagdílì siá. He said no. He refused. He would not. Ginadilían ang pagdúplà sa salúg. Spitting on the floor is prohibited. Idílì sa íya ang pagsulúd dirí or dilíi siá sa pagsulúd dirí. Forbid him to enter here. (see índì).



ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


abó

Hiligaynon

Ash, ashes; to treat with ash, apply ashes, use ashes; to turn into or become ashes. Abohí ang púsud sang bátà. Treat the baby's navel with ash. Nag-*abó ang ámon baláy sa kaláyo or ginabó sang kaláyo ang ámon balay. The fire burned our house to ashes. Abohán mo ang pínggan kag báso, agúd makúhà ang kadánlug. Clean the plate and glass with ashes, so that the greasy dirt may be removed. Ang abó nga ginpát-in sa áton mga ágtang sa ádlaw nga Miérkoles de Senísa (Ceniza) amó ang abó sang mga pálua (ráamos) nga nabenditáhan sang ádlaw nga Domingo de Rámos. The ashes with which our foreheads are marked on Ash-Wednesday are the ashes of the palms blessed on Palm-Sunday. Dílì mo pag-*ipaabó sa íya iníng mga tulún-an, kay bisán dumáan na may kapuslánan pa. Don't let him burn these books, for, though they are old, they are still of use. (see ágbon).


abúso

Hiligaynon

(Sp. abuso) Abuse, wrong-doing, impropriety, reprehensible conduct, bad custom; to abuse, beguile, cheat, misuse. A, abúso gid inâ. Oh, that is a bad custom. Ah, that is very improper. Dílì mo pagabusóhan ang ímo isigkatáo. Don't cheat your fellow-man.


ábut

Hiligaynon

To reach, come up with, overtake, catch up with. Abúton ko ikáw karón. I shall soon overtake you. Dalágan ka, agúd dílì ka maábut kag sungáyon sang karabáw nga simarón. Run, lest the wild buffalo should catch and toss you. Básì maábut mo pa siá sa dálan. Possibly you may overtake him yet on the road. Nagabút gid siá, ápang walâ makaábut sang misa. He arrived, indeed, but too late for hearing Mass. (Literally: "----, but he could not reach Mass).


ági

Hiligaynon

Passage, trace, incident, event; to go by, pass by, pass through. Ang mga ági kag bilín sang salâ. The traces and remains of sin. Ang mga ági sang íya kabúhì. The incidents of his life. Kon magági ka dirí, hapíti kamí. If you pass this way, visit us. Indì ka makaági dirâ, kay nakodalán ang umá. You cannot pass through there, for the field is fenced in. Ang dalán nga íla ginágyan (ginagíhan)-. The road over which they passed-. Iági akó siníng tulún-an sa kay Fuláno. Kindly hand this book over to N.N. in passing. Buás ágyon ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll call for you in passing (and take you along). Buás ágyan ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll visit you on my way. Paágyon mo kamí sa ímo umá. Let us pass through your field. Dílì mo pagpaágyan sa íla ang áton umá. Don't allow them to pass through our field. Walâ pa akó kaági (makaági) dídto. I have never been there yet, I have had no occasion to pass that way, I have not seen or passed that place at all.


agóy

Hiligaynon

An exclamation of pain and suffering. Agóy, kasakít siníng hubág ko. Oh, dear me. Oh, the pain of this boil of mine! Agóy, daw sa dílì na akó makabatás siníng kahápdì. Oh, dear, I can hardly stand this pain any longer. (see aragóy).


agúd

Hiligaynon

That, in order that, so that; agúd índì or agúd dílì-lest, in order that not. Magtoón kamó, agúd magálam. Study, that you may become learned. Basáha ang tulún-an sing matalupángdon, agúd ímo masáyran ang ginabása mo. Read the book with attention, in order that you may understand what you read. Kápti ang alobáybay, agúd índì ka mahúlog. Keep hold of the handrail, lest you should fall down. Amligí ang pagdalá mo siníng báso, agúd dílì mabúong. Carry this glass with care, in order that it may not break. N.B. The particle "nga" is frequently added to agúd (agúd nga, agúd nga dílì, etc.), but it may be left out without change of meaning.


agwánta

Hiligaynon

(Sp. aguantar) To bear, tolerate, suffer, let pass, put up with. Dáw dílì na akó makaagwánta sinâ. I seem not to be able to bear it any longer. Anhon mo, kóndì magagwánta lang? What can you do, but suffer it patiently? Agwantahá lang! Just bear it with resignation! (see batás, ántus).


agwása

Hiligaynon

(Sp. guasa, guason) Lively, cheerful, good-humoured; to be lively or of a cheerful disposition; to flow freely; to exude, to break forth, particularly applied to matter or pus oozing out of a wound, ulcer or boil. Ang komód nga táo dílì agwása. A man inclined to retirement and silence is not of a lively disposition. Nagaagwása na ang hubág. Pus is now flowing from the tumour. Ginapaagwása níla ang hubág. They are using remedies to cause the pus to flow from the tumour. Paagwasáha ang hubág. Make the tumour (by pressure, etc.) discharge its matter. Ipaagwása akó ánay sang ákon hubág sa lí-og. Kindly remove the matter (by pressure, poultices, etc.) from the tumour on my neck. Si Fuláno dúro gid kaagwása sa íya mga sugilánon. N.N. is very cheerful in his talk. N.N. is a chatterbox.


ahâ

Hiligaynon

To beseech, ask fervently, insist on obtaining some favour, importune. Nagahâ siá sa ákon sing bulúng sa pilás. He asked me insistently for some medicine for the wound. Ginahaán akó níya sing diótay nga humáy, kay nawád-an siá. He earnestly begged a little rice of me, for he had run short of it. Dilì matúod nga akó amó ang nagahâ sa íla, kóndì, hinonóo gánì, silá nagpangáyò sa ákon. It is not true that I importuned them, but, on the contrary, they asked me.


áhao

Hiligaynon

Newly harvested rice. Karón may áhao na nga ginatíg-ang. There is new rice now being cooked or there is now new rice to cook. Ang áhao dílì maúkad. New rice does not swell much (when boiled).


ákig

Hiligaynon

(H) Anger, ire, wrath, rage, passion, choler, fury, indignation; to be or make angry, become angry, irate, wroth, wrathful, furious, indignant. Indì ka magákig or mangákig. Don't be angry. Tî, kon may salâ ang bátà mo akígi kag hanóta. Well, if your boy is at fault, show him your displeasure and give him a whipping. Indì mo siá pagakígan, kay dílì siá amó ang may salâ. Don't be angry with him, for he is not the one to blame. Indì ka ánay maghámbal sa íya, kay básì maákig siá. Don't talk to him now, for he may get angry. Inakígan níya gid ang ámon paglatás sa íya nga talámnan. He flew in a rage, because we had cut straight across his field.


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alakápa

Hiligaynon

(Sp. a la capa) For appearance only, for politeness' sake, coldly formal, not heartily or sincerely. Gin-*ágda man akó níya, hóo, ápang alakápa lang. He invited me also, yes, but only to keep up appearances. Nagtámbong man siá, ápang alakápa lang, dílì hutúhut. He put in an appearance too, but in a coldly formal way, not with right goodwill. (see pasamústra, pakuláhaw id.).


aláng-álang

Hiligaynon

Neither "fish, flesh nor fowl"; untimely, inconvenient, immature, not quite qualified or capable; to lack maturity, timeliness, qualities or conditions required. Ang mga páhò aláng-álang pa. The mangoes are not quite ripe yet. Aláng-álang pa ang tiémpo. The time is not convenient yet, the weather is still unreliable,-not quite suitable. Iníng batà aláng-álang pa sa pagbúthò. This child is too young to go to school. Also used as a verb. Dílì mo pagaláng-alángon ang pagabút mo dirí. Don't arrive here too late. Ginaláng-alángan akó sa pagdúaw sa ínyo, kay--. I was prevented from paying you a visit, because--. Kalití ang pagpaúlì, agúd dílì ka maaláng-alángan sang ulán. Make use of the first opportunity to go home, lest you should be detained by the rain.


alantúson

Hiligaynon

(H) Bearable, tolerable, supportable; to be suffered, tolerated, borne with. Dáw sa dílì na alantúson inâ. That is scarcely to be tolerated any longer. Ang íya balatían makúlì nga búlngon, ápang alantúson, kay dílì gid man mabúg-at ang íya pagbátì. His disease is difficult to cure, but it is bearable, for he is really not seriously affected. (see ántus, balatasón, palas-ánon).


alì

Hiligaynon

Liked, appreciated, cherished; attached to, partial to; to like, etc. Alì ko gid iníng kálò, tulún-an, pagkáon, etc. I am partial to this hat, this book, this kind of food, etc. Ginaálì or ginapakaálì ko gid iníng mga sapátos. I like these boots very much. Dáw sa dílì gid matahúm iní, ápang ginálì mo. This does not seem to be nice at all, yet you liked it. Alíon mo na lang ang bág-o nga huégo nga ginhátag sa ímo ni tíyà mo. Just try to be contented with the new suit that aunt gave you. (see lúyag, palánggà, úyon, wíli, pakamahál).


alílà

Hiligaynon

To nourish, nurture, rear, bring up, foster, take good care of, look after with kindness and consideration. Aliláa sing maáyo ang bátà, ang masakít, ang pilasón, etc. Look well after the baby, the sick person, the wounded man, etc. Ialílà akó ánay siníng makaloló-oy nga táo. Kindly take upon yourself the care of this poor fellow. Si San Hosé dílì sumúod nga amáy ni Hesukrísto, kóndì amáy nga manugalílà lámang. St. Joseph was not the real father of Jesus Christ, but only his foster-father. Ginalílà níya ang ílo nga bátà súbong sang sumúod níya nga anák. She brought up or reared the orphan-child as if it were her own daughter. (see sagúd, batití, sapópo).


alogán-gan

Hiligaynon

To postpone, procrastinate, tarry, put off, delay; tarrying, delaying, etc. The verb is frequently used with pa-. Dílì kamó magpaalogán-gan or maginalogán-gan sa pagsílhig sang hulút. Don't put off sweeping the room. Ginalogán-gan níya ang pagkádto dídto kag tungúd sinâ walâ siá makaábut sang tábad. He put off going there and as a consequence came too late for the dinner or banquet. Indì siá magpaalogán-gan sa pagsakáy pa Manílà or índì níya pagialogán-gan ang pagsakáy pa Manílà. He will not postpone his trip to Manila. Alogán-gan siá sing pamatásan. He is inclined to procrastinate, put things off. (see palántang, agáp-to anticipate).


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