List of Hiligaynon words starting with the letter K - Page 1

k

This letter has the same sound as the English "c" in "cat, come, cut, fact, etc.", but is pronounced a little softer than "ck" in "lack, pack, struck, etc.".

Modern writers almost exclusively employ "k", where formerly "c" (before "a", "o", "u", all consonants and hyphens, and at the end of words) and "qu" (before "e" and "i") were used. Bearing this in mind it is easy to find in this dictionary expressions originally written according to the old spelling, as acó, caácò, catacá, cácac, bác-hò, bác-it, báquid, quíquic, etc., under akó, kaákò, kataká, kákak, bákhò, bák-it, bákid, kíkik, etc.

The prefixes pan-, hi-, ha-, etc., if composed with words beginning with the letter "k", become pang-, hing-, hang-, etc. and the "k" drops out, e.g. karós-pangarós; kaláyo-hingaláyo; kuyús-hanguyús, etc.



ka

(H) Personal pronoun, often used for ikáw-you (singular). Sín-o ka balá? Who are you? Diín ka makádto? Where are you going to? Ginbayáran ka na níya sang íya útang sa ímo? Has he paid you what he owed you?


ka

A particle employed to connect a cardinal or ordinal numeral with a noun or with another numeral. "Ka" is also used after distributives, and after the indefinite "pilá", whenever the latter has the meaning of "how many" or "few", e.g. Duhá ka púlò ka líbo. Twenty thousand. Tátlo ka gatús ka líbo kà táo. Three hundred thousand men. Limá ka karabáw. Five buffaloes. Amó iní ang ikapúlò níla ka anák. This is their tenth child. Sa ikawaló ka (nga) ádlaw sa búlan sa Enéro. On the eighth day of January. Pilá silá ka táo? How many are they? Mga pilá lámang ka táo ang nagtalámbong. Only a few men attended. Nakabáton silá sing tagnapúlò ka mángmang. They received ten pesos each.


ka

A prefix of very wide use in the formation of abstract and collective nouns as well as of an exclamatory superlative which nearly corresponds in meaning to the English "How--!" e.g. álam-kaálam (wisdom, learning); písan-kapísan (diligence, application); píntas-kapíntas (cruelty); ángot-kaangtánan (connection); lábut-kalabtánan (participation, implication); uyáng-kahinguyángan (outlay, expenditure); bátà-kabatáan (childhood; children); baláy-kabalayán (houses, collection of houses); támad-katámad sa ímo! How lazy you are! Dásig-kadásig siníng kabáyo! How swiftly this horse runs! gáhud, galúng-kagáhud kag kagalúng sináng mga bátà! Oh, the noisiness and boisterousness of those children! lisúd-ay, kalisúd! Oh, what a heavy cross! After superlative adverbs like lakás, lám-ag, dúro, masyádo, támà, túman, etc. "ka" is either prefixed to the adjectives or takes the place of ma-, e.g. Dalók-greedy. Lakás kadalók. Very greedy. Layâ-dry. Masyádo kalayâ. Very dry. Maitúm-black. Lám-ag kaitúm. Very black. Madálum-deep. Dúro kadálum. Very deep. Matámbok-fat. Támà katámbok. Very fat. Dakû-large. Túman kadakû. Very large, etc.


ka

In modern Visayan ka-is quite frequently used instead of pagka-in the formation of abstract nouns from "ma-adjectives", e.g. kamatinoóhon (pagkamatinoóhon)-faith, credulity; kamatinahóron (pagkamatinahóron)-respectfulness, and many more.


ka

Short for maka-or naka-. Indì akó kakádto dídto. I cannot go there. (kakádto-makakádto). Kaabút (nakaabút) na siá dirí? Has he arrived? Has he come?


An abaca-field, hemp-plantation. (abaká).


(B) Greed, selfishness, covetousness. (see abáng, kahákug).


Friendliness, affability, amiableness, good-will, sociability. (abí-ábi; see kaáblaw, kaablawán).


Friends, friendships, all one's friends collectively, one's circle of friends. (ábian).


(B) Width, breadth. (see áblang).


Affability, amiability, amicability, (áblaw; see kaabiabíhon, kaablawán).


See kaáblaw. Also: things that make social life agreeable.


See kaáblaw.


Exposure to wind, state of being exposed to the wind. (ábong).


Dexterity, adroitness, quickness, agility, expertness, swiftness. (ábtik).


See kaábtik.


See kaabiánan.


Pungency, acridity, acidity, sharpness of taste combined with astringency. (ádat; see kakádat, kaárat, kakárat).


See kaádat.



1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z