List of Hiligaynon words starting with the letter P - Page 1

p

The letter "p" in Visayan is pronounced as in English.

In spelling foreign words in which "f" occurs the Visayans frequently substitute "p" for "f", as they have no sound in their language corresponding to the consonant "f", e.g. Pebréro (Febrero); punsyón (función); púnda (funda), etc.

In words beginning with "p" preceded by the prefix "pan-" the "p" of the root is dropped, and the "n" of the "pan-" is changed into "m", e.g. pamúnò (pan-, púnò); pamángkot (pan-, pángkot), etc.



pa

A very frequently used prefix with the following meanings:

1) Movement or direction towards, e.g. paidálum-downwards, down; paibábaw-upward, up; nagpamanílà siá. He has gone to Manila. Nagapabugál siá. He is on the road to pride, i.e. he is getting proud, is haughty, overbearing. Nagapadayáw siá. He is vain. Nagapabungúl siá. He is acting as if he were deaf, is stubborn, disobedient, heedless, does not listen, etc.

2) Efficient cause, e.g. Sín-o ang nagpatíndog sang halígi? Who set up the post? Ang isá ka alakáyo saráng makapakádlaw sa mga táo. A joker can make people laugh. Ginpahalín níla ang matámad nga sologoón. They discharged the lazy servant. Patalumá ang binángon. Sharpen the bolo. Pinabálik níya ang sulát. He sent the letter back, etc.

3) Order or command (quite frequently to be performed by a third person), e.g. Patáwga si Pédro (sa) kay Huán. Ipatawág si Huán (sa) kay Pédro. Order (Get) Peter to call John. Padálhi akó sing túbig. Send me some water. Get someone to bring me water. Palutói akó sing panyága. Have dinner prepared for me. Order someone to cook the dinner for me. Palutóa ang kosinéro sang panyága. Ipalútò ang panyága sa kosinéro. Order the cook to get dinner ready. Ipaábat siá. Send somebody-after him,-to call him here, etc.

4) Toleration or sufferance, e.g. Pahampangá lang dirâ ang mga bátà. Just let the boys play there. Pabayái (Pabáy-i) lang silá. Leave them alone. Let them do what they like. Pasakayá (Pasákya) siá sa ímo salákyan. Give him a lift in your vehicle. Let him ride in your car (carriage). Indì mo silá pagpasúgtan. Don't allow them to have their will. Don't grant their request. Don't approve their proposal. Indì ka magpabúang, magpadáyà, etc. Don't allow yourself to be fooled, cheated, etc. Mapapuút pa akó ánay sang ulán kag ogáling mapadáyon akó sang ákon panglakátan. I'll let the rain stop first (I am waiting for the rain to stop) and then I shall continue the march, etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of pa-(usually, for convenience' sake, called the Causative). Hence in this dictionary when words with the prefix pa-occur, the translation does not exclude meanings other than the one given.


pa

Papa, father, dad, daddy. (see papá, amáy, tátay, tay).


pa

To, towards, in the direction of. Pa Amérika. To America. Pa Manílà. To Manila. Nagdáyon siá maglakát pa búkid. He continued his march towards the mountain. Nagpailóngílong siá. He went to (in the direction of) Iloilo. He has gone to Iloilo.


pa

With "kon diín", "kon sa diín", or the like, "pa" has the meaning of "anywhere", "anywhere else". Ambót kon sa diín siá nagkádto, kon sa umá ukón sa diín pa. I don't know where he has gone to, whether to his farm or somewhere (anywhere) else. Ang íla kasál pagahiwáton dílì kon sa diín pa, kóndì dirâ na gid lámang sa bánwa nga íla nataóhan. Their marriage will take place not anywhere else, but in their native town.


pa

Yet, still, besides, more, furthermore, also. Walâ pa (índì pa) siá magabút. He has not (will not) arrived (arrive) yet. Sa súbung siní índì pa akó makahalín. I cannot leave just at present. Sa ákon bántà magaulán pa karón sa hápon. In my opinion it will still be raining (it will rain again) this afternoon. May isá pa ka katarúngan--. There is still another (one more) reason or argument. Isá pa. One thing more. Maáyo pa (labíng maáyo pa) kon--. It were better (It would be better still), if--. Kag índì pa kay amó inâ lámang, kóndì--. And not only this, but--. This does not tell the whole story, but--. Matáas pa ang búkid nga Napulák. The Napulák mountain is higher (still). Malayô pa. It is far yet. (see angód, gihápon).


Bitterness; pain, grief; to be or become bitter; harsh, acrid, biting, pungent, sharp, unpalatable; be hard to bear, cruel, poignant, painful, trying, severe, grievous, distressing. Nagpa-ít iníng ísdà sa lakás nga asín. This fish has been made to taste like brine on account of using too much salt. Napa-itán akó siníng serbésa. This beer tastes bitter to me, is too bitter for me. Mapa-itán ka gid sang ímo kahimtángan kon--. You will have a hard time of it, if--. Your condition will be a trying one, if--.


To tire, cause stiffness in the limbs (as from much walking or overexertion). Napá-ul akó. I got (felt) tired. Napa-úlan ang ákon páa. My leg got stiff. (see búdlay, álay).


The leg (from the knee upward), thigh; haunch (of a horse, stag, etc.). Malábà siá sing páa. He has long legs. (see tiíl, kahíg-the foot; pusupusuán, batíis, busugbusugán-the calf; túhud-the knee; tikód, buúl-the heel).


Caus. of abá-to carry on the back, carry pickaback. Paábha (paabahá) akó. Carry me on your back. Ginpaabá akó ni Fuláno. N.N. carried me on his back. Kon índì ka malúyag magúbug sa túbig magpaabá ka lang sa táo. If you don't like to wade through the water, let yourself be carried (across)-on a man's back,-pickaback.


Caus. of ábat-to follow, go after. Paabáta si Pédro sa kay Huán. Send Peter after John. Paabáti siá sang ímo sologoón. Send your servant after him.


Caus. of abáy-to join, etc. Paábya (Paabayá) siá sa hámpang. Let him join in the game or play.


Caus. of abíso-to notify, etc. Ipaabíso mo sa íya nga-- or-paabisóhi siá nga--. Send him notice that--.


To swell, cause to swell; to boast, brag, be proud of, swell with pride. (Probably for pahabók-hábok, the Dim. of pahábok).


(B) To please, oblige, let one have his will or way; to ingratiate oneself with. (see abóyon).


To intercept, catch, stop on the road, cross one's way, waylay; try to win the favour of, woo, solicit. (see litâ, bánggà, bángan).


To wait for, expect, await. Paabutá siá túbtub sa ikapúlò ka táknà. Wait for him till ten o'clock. (pa, abút).


To hand over or divide provisionally amongst the heirs, etc. See adááda. Paadáhi sing dútà ang ímo mga anák. Distribute provisionally some land to your children.


To take one's leave, say-, bid-, goodbye, bid (say) adieu (goodbye). Nagpaadiós ka sa íla-or-ginpaadiosán mo silá? Have you said goodbye to them? (pa, adiós; see paálam).


Caus. of ágaw-to seize, etc. Also: To contend, compete, scramble for. (pa, ágaw).



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