Search result(s) - mangô

mangô

Hiligaynon

Dull, stupid, brainless; an ass, fool. (see tipangág, pangág, pángog, balingág, balingá, búngaw, tampuháw, búang, kólò).



ahát

Hiligaynon

To do something prematurely, before the regular or proper time or even against one's inclination. Ahatá lang ang pagpópò sang páhò. Pluck the mango, even though it is not yet quite ripe. Ginaahát níla ang ságing nga línghod. They are eating unripe bananas. Ahatón mo ang buót mo sa paglakát, bisan índì ka malúyag. Make up your mind to go, although you do not like to. Masakít karón ang íya solóksolók, kay man gin-*ahát níya ang mga sirig-wélas nga hiláw. Of course he has stomach-ache, he has eaten green plums.


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


ángkab

Hiligaynon

A snap, bite; to snap, bite, seize suddenly with the teeth. Ginángkab siá sang idô. He was bitten by the dog. Angkabá siá. Snap him. Angkabí lang sing diótay iníng páhò. Just take a bite of this mango. Hípus ka, kay kon dílì ipaángkab ko ikáw sa ákon idô. Be silent, otherwise I'll get my dog to bite you. (see ikíb, ínkib, kíbkib, kítkit, áb-ab, áp-ap, ót-ot).


áp-ap

Hiligaynon

To bite off a piece, to eat by snaps and snatches, to devour fruit greedily without taking the trouble of peeling it beforehand, etc. Ap-apá lang ang páhò páti bákal. Just devour the mango together with its stone by biting off a small bit at a time. Ap-apí sing diótay ang tinápay. Take a small bite out of the bread. Indì ka magáp-ap (mangáp-ap) sang ímo ginakáon súbung sang isá ka idô. Don't snap at your food like a dog. (see áb-ab, ikíb, ínkib, kíbkib, etc.).


apaparí

Hiligaynon

A plant often seen growing under mango-trees or other trees.


aták-aták

Hiligaynon

Spaced, spread out, not joined, not united, not together, not close to each other; to be or become separate or segregated from one another, etc. Sádto maíkit ang mga baláy siníng báryo, karón nagaták-aták na. Formerly the houses in this village were close together, now they are widely spaced. Ginaták-aták níla ang mga baláy. They spread the houses out singly with considerable distances between them. Aták-aták gid lámang dirí ang mga páhò, dílì gid pinúnsok. Mango-trees here are to be met with only one here and there, not in groups. Maáyo gid ang pagpaaták-aták sang mga baláy nga kawáyan kag nípà, kay kon gutúk sa minurô kag may kaláyo maúmid silá nga tanán. Houses made of bamboo and thatched with nípà should be spaced far from one another, for if they are close together within a village and a fire breaks out they will all be involved (in the calamity). (see atád-atád, putá-putá, malakâ, isáísa).


bákal

Hiligaynon

The stone of the mango fruit. (see líso).


bántug

Hiligaynon

Famous, well-known, public, prominent; to become or be well known; to be or make public, to blazon. Nabántug sa bánwa ang madámù nga pinatubás níya. His rich harvest became well known in town. Nabantugán silá tungúd sang íla pagtabanáy. They became a topic for conversation for having run away together. Nabantugán iníng lugár tungúd sang madámò nga páhò. This place is famous for its many mango-trees. Ipabántug mo sa bánwa nga --. Make it known in town that --. Nagbántug dídto ang íya ngálan. His name there became famous. (see bánsag).


baróngbong

Hiligaynon

(B) A shoot, a sprout from a stock, stem or trunk; to shoot or sprout from a cut branch or trunk. Iníng páhò, dúldul, etc. nga natapás sang isá ka túig may baróngbong na. This mango, cotton-tree, etc. that was cut down last year, has sprouted anew. Madámù nga mga káhoy kon tápson magapamaróngbong. Many trees, if cut down, will sprout again from the stump or trunk. Yanáng akásya nagabaróngbong na. That acacia is putting forth new shoots from its trunk. (see salíngsing).


bilóg

Hiligaynon

Whole, entire, complete, integral, full, all together, no part missing; solid, not hollow; to make or form a whole, etc. Láwas kag kalág amó ang nagabilóg sa táo. Body and soul form the whole man. Ginkabilogán sang mga pumulúyò ang íla nga pándut. The inhabitants were all united for the celebration of their feast. Bilogón mo ang tsokoláte, dílì mo pagtabliyahón. Make the chocolate up in roundish lumps, not in tablets or slabs. Ibilóg akó ánay siníng sensílyo ko nga salapî. Kindly give me a "salapî" for these fifty centavos. Ginkabilogán níla ang amó nga sulát. They wrote that letter in common-or-they all agreed to despatch that letter. Nagbilóg ang duhá níla ka tagiposóon. Their two hearts were as one. Ginhatágan níya akó sing isá ka páhò nga bilóg. He gave me a whole mango. (i.e. not only part of it).


bódo

Hiligaynon

To salt, pickle, put in brine. Bodóha ang ísdà, páhò, etc. Pickle the fish, mango, etc. Ibódo akó ánay siníng búgsò nga ísdà. Kindly pickle this piece of fish for me. Bodóhi akó sing tóloy. Salt down some sardines for me. Binódo (binóro)-salted (pickled) fish. (see bóro, asín, gamós).


dábong

Hiligaynon

Dense foliage; to be shady, leafy, thick with leaves, dense with foliage. Ang páhò nagadábong. The mango-tree is thickly set with leaves, is shady. Padabónga ang káhoy sa pagpulúd sang iya mga sangá. Make the tree grow thick foliage by pruning its branches. (see gápà).


dálig

Hiligaynon

(B) To be or become nice, beautiful, fine, good. Nagdálig na iníng páhò. This mango-tree has grown into a fine specimen. Nadaligán akó siníng simbáhan, ápang ang ákon mga kaupdánan walâ pagdaligí siní. I considered this church beautiful, but my companions did not think so. Note the accent. Padalíga ang mga puní. Make the decorations attractive. (see tahúm, ányag, áyo, gayón, ámbong).


dayág

Hiligaynon

Visible, manifest, public, open, exposed, perceptible, discernible, apparent; to be or become manifest, etc. Nagdayág na ang baláy, kay gintapás námon ang páhò nga naglipúd ánay. The house is now visible, for we have cut down the mango-tree that hid it before. Dayág inâ. That is clear, manifest, known publicly, apparent.


gánghal

Hiligaynon

Clumsy, stupid, foolish, awkward, dull, slow. (see pákok, kagúng, bikwálon, pungág, mangô, tangadál, tipangág, búngaw, tampuháw, etc.).


gápà

Hiligaynon

To droop, bend, hang down, as the branches of a tree, etc. Ang mga sangá siníng káhoy nagagápà. The branches of this tree droop. Nagkatulúg kamí sa hándong sang isá ka madábung nga páhò kag sang paghángin sing mabáskog nagapáan kamí sang íya mga sangá. We were sleeping in the shadow of a dense mango-tree and when the wind blew strongly its branches bent down low over us. (see dábung, gáway, káway).


gúpud

Hiligaynon

(B) To cut down, chop down, fell, lay low. Gupúda (-úra) ináng mga káhoy. Fell those trees. Gupúdi akó sing tátlo ka páyhod. Cut down for me three payhod-trees. Igúpud akó siníng páhò. Kindly cut down this mango-tree for me. Nagupúdan iníng talámnan sing tátlo ka dúldul. Three kapok-trees have been cut down in this field. Igúpud iníng wásay sa lubí. Use this axe for felling the coconut palm. (see pulúd, tapás, púkan).


hánog

Hiligaynon

To bruise, contuse, cause a weal, bruise, contusion. Indì mo pagdagdagón ang páhò, kay mahánog. Don't drop down the mango, for it will be bruised. Indì mo paghanógon ang átis. Don't bruise the custard-apple. Ginhúlug níya ang páhò kag ginhánog (nahánog, nagkahánog). He threw the mango down and bruised it (and it was or got bruised). (see lánog).


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