Search result(s) - boók

boók

Hiligaynon

See bóo id.



ági

Hiligaynon

Passage, trace, incident, event; to go by, pass by, pass through. Ang mga ági kag bilín sang salâ. The traces and remains of sin. Ang mga ági sang íya kabúhì. The incidents of his life. Kon magági ka dirí, hapíti kamí. If you pass this way, visit us. Indì ka makaági dirâ, kay nakodalán ang umá. You cannot pass through there, for the field is fenced in. Ang dalán nga íla ginágyan (ginagíhan)-. The road over which they passed-. Iági akó siníng tulún-an sa kay Fuláno. Kindly hand this book over to N.N. in passing. Buás ágyon ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll call for you in passing (and take you along). Buás ágyan ko ikáw. Tomorrow I'll visit you on my way. Paágyon mo kamí sa ímo umá. Let us pass through your field. Dílì mo pagpaágyan sa íla ang áton umá. Don't allow them to pass through our field. Walâ pa akó kaági (makaági) dídto. I have never been there yet, I have had no occasion to pass that way, I have not seen or passed that place at all.


agúd

Hiligaynon

That, in order that, so that; agúd índì or agúd dílì-lest, in order that not. Magtoón kamó, agúd magálam. Study, that you may become learned. Basáha ang tulún-an sing matalupángdon, agúd ímo masáyran ang ginabása mo. Read the book with attention, in order that you may understand what you read. Kápti ang alobáybay, agúd índì ka mahúlog. Keep hold of the handrail, lest you should fall down. Amligí ang pagdalá mo siníng báso, agúd dílì mabúong. Carry this glass with care, in order that it may not break. N.B. The particle "nga" is frequently added to agúd (agúd nga, agúd nga dílì, etc.), but it may be left out without change of meaning.


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ákta

Hiligaynon

(Sp. acta) Records, documents, minute-book, written protest.


alì

Hiligaynon

Liked, appreciated, cherished; attached to, partial to; to like, etc. Alì ko gid iníng kálò, tulún-an, pagkáon, etc. I am partial to this hat, this book, this kind of food, etc. Ginaálì or ginapakaálì ko gid iníng mga sapátos. I like these boots very much. Dáw sa dílì gid matahúm iní, ápang ginálì mo. This does not seem to be nice at all, yet you liked it. Alíon mo na lang ang bág-o nga huégo nga ginhátag sa ímo ni tíyà mo. Just try to be contented with the new suit that aunt gave you. (see lúyag, palánggà, úyon, wíli, pakamahál).


atríl

Hiligaynon

(Sp. atril) Lectern, ambo, book-rest, music-stand. (see bulutángan (sang tulún-an), tulungtúngan).


baláhos

Hiligaynon

Wrapping; to wrap up. Balahósi sing papél ang líbro. Wrap the paper round the book. Ibaláhos akó siníng líbro. Kindly wrap up this book for me. (see baráhus, putús).


bálhag

Hiligaynon

To print, impress. Balhagí akó sing isá ka gatús nga pangágda. Print for me one hundred invitation-cards. Nabálhag na ang líbro nga íya sinulát. The book he wrote is now in print. Ipabálhag mo sa ákon balhágan ang ímo mga balalhágon, kay balhagón ko ang tanán nga kinahánglan mo sing mahípid kag sa kubús nga bilí. Let my printing-press do all your printing, for I will print everything you need in good taste and at low cost. (see imprénta).


bálik

Hiligaynon

To come back, return, go back to the place one came from. Nagbálik siá sa Ilóng-ílong. He went back to Iloilo. Balíkon mo ang maléta nga nalipatán ko. Go back and fetch the handbag I forgot. Balíki si Hosé. Return to José. Ginbálik níya ang pílak nga íya ginhulám. He returned the money he had borrowed. Ibálik mo na ang líbro ko. Now at last give me back my book. Ipabálik lang inâ sa íya. Just send that back to him. Binalíkan níya ang ámon baláy, kay bangúd sang bahâ walâ siá makatabók sa subâ. He came back again to our house, for on account of the freshet he could not cross the river. Binalíkan pa gid sang idô ang diótay nga kárne nga íya nabilín. The dog went back again to the little meat he had left. (see úlì, buélta, panumbalík).


bálio

Hiligaynon

(B) To barter, exchange, swap, swop. Ginbaliohán ko ang ákon karabáw sang isá ka báka. I exchanged my buffalo for a cow. Baliohán ko ang ákon kálò sang ímo líbro or Ibálio ko ang ákon kálò sa ímo líbro. I will exchange my hat for your book. Ginbálio níya ang íya báboy sa ákon tínday. He swapped his pig for my calf. (see báilo, báylo, bályo).


bása

Hiligaynon

To read, scan, glance through, look-through,-over, pore over. Matámad siá magbása. He is too lazy to read. Nakabása akó sang íya sulát or nabása ko ang íya sulát. I read his letter. Dílì mo pagbasáhon ang mga líbro nga maláut. Don't read bad books. Ipabása mo sa íya iníng sulát. Give him this letter to read. Basáhi ang masakít nga táo siníng tulún-an. Read this book to the sick man. Abáw, daw táo ka nga walâ pagbása sang mga bág-o nga balítà. Well, you seem to be a man who does not read the latest news. (Note the accent in the two following examples). Daw táo siá nga walâ sing nabasahán. He appears to be a man who has read nothing i.e. knows nothing, has had no education. Masúnsun mabasahán náton sa mga pamantaláan nga --. We often find or read in the newspapers that --. (see balasahón-reading-matter, etc.).


báto

Hiligaynon

A complete thing, a whole, a piece of anything round or cubical in shape, as an egg, ball, coconut, brick, etc. (see bílog, bóo, boók).


báton

Hiligaynon

To receive, accept, take. Nakabáton ka sang ákon sulát? Did you receive my letter? Hóo, nabáton ko. Yes, I received it. Batóna iníng regálo. Accept this present or gift. Ibáton mo akó sinâ. Kindly accept (and guard) that for me. Nabáton ko ang pílak nga ímo ginpadalá sa ákon sa koríyo. I have received the money you sent me by mail. Ihátag ko kuntánì sa íya iníng tulún-an, ápang índì siá magbáton. I should like to give him this book, but he will not take it. Ginabáton sang Diós sing malolóy-on ang mga pangamúyò sang mga mahinulsúlon. God mercifully receives the prayers of the contrite. Pangasáw-on kuntánì ni Fuláno si Fulána, ápang ang íya sinâ nga ginikánan índì magbáton sa íya. N.N. would like to marry Miss N.N., but her parents will not accept him (as their son-in-law). (see balatonán-reception-room: dawô, dáwat).


bílad

Hiligaynon

To open; unfold (a book or the like). Bilára (-áda) ang tulún-an. Open the book. Bilári akó sang líbro. Open the book for me. Ginabílad mo lang ang líbro nga walâ mo pagbasáha. You are holding the book open without reading it. Biniláran níya ang látok sang íya mga panápton. He spread or displayed his clothes on the table. (see húmlad, bulád, ládlad, bíkat-to force asunder, etc.).


bílog

Hiligaynon

One piece or article, a whole, particularly applied to things that are roundish or cubical. (see báto, bóo, boók).


bítad

Hiligaynon

To open, unfold, spread out. Bitára (-áda) ang líbro. Open the book. Bitári akó siníng líbro. Open this book for me. (see bílad, hítad, húmlad).


bóo

Hiligaynon

A piece of anything roundish or cubical, applied to eggs, various kinds of fruit, stones, etc. (see bílog, bátò, bináto, boók, binántuk, binángto).


búhì

Hiligaynon

To bring back to life, raise to life, resuscitate, revivify, revive, restore to life; to be or get-free,-loose, to escape from confinement; to free, release, liberate, let go; to support, sustain, maintain. Buhíon mo ang bátà ko, kay kon índì, ambót sa ímo. Bring my baby back to life, for if not, I don't know what will happen to you. Ginbúhì liwát sang Aton Ginóo si Lásaro. Lazarus was raised to life again by Our Lord. Nakabúhì ang báboy sa tángkal. The pig got out of the sty. Buhíi (búy-i) ang mga báka sa buhián. Let the cattle roam about free-, loose-, in the pasture. Ginbuhían sang bátà ang píspis sa háwla. The boy let the bird out of the cage. Nabuhían na ang mga gintotón-an, ang mga binilánggò, etc. The students have been-dismissed,-given leave to depart (from the school), the prisoners have been set free, etc. Buhíi (búy-i) ang binángon. Release your hold on-, drop-, the bolo. Binúy-an (binuhían) níya ang tulún-an. He dropped the book. Siá amó ang nagabúhì sa íya mga ginikánan. He is the one that supports his parents. (see bánhaw, luás, gwâ, sagúd, agubáy).


bukikî

Hiligaynon

To open, turn aside, part (as the hair when looking for lice). Bukikiá ang mga pinaníd sang tulún-an. Turn the leaves of the book. (see bukî, busíksik, busíkad, bulád, hítad).


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