Search result(s) - árà

a

Hiligaynon

Ah, Oh, Well, Why. A, amó gid inâ. Ah, that is it, certainly. A, ikáw galî ang nagabút. Oh, it is you, that have come. A, bayái (pabayái) lang ang mga bátà dirâ. Well, leave the children there alone. A, pagkaláut sang ákon kapaláran! Oh, how unfortunate I am! A, indì ka magsapák sinâ. Why, don't take any notice of it. (see ah).



abá

Hiligaynon

(B) The back, shoulder-blades, scapula; the breast of a bird, especially of a fowl; to carry on the back, put on the back. Ibutáng mo iníng bayóong sa abá sang karabáw. Put this bag on the buffalo's back. Toktoká ang abá sang manók. Chop up the breast of the chicken. Ginpaabá akó níya sa pagtabók sa subâ. He carried me on his back across the river. Paábhan mo siá. Get hold of his back. Grasp him behind by the shoulders. (see likód, talúdtud, dúghan, pétso, tíbong, patíbong).


ában

Hiligaynon

To finish, take away or off (a loom or the like). Abána ang ákon háblon sa madalî nga saráng mahímò. Get my cloth off the loom as soon as possible. Ginában sang subâ ang ámon dútà. The river has washed away our land. Abánon mo na ang íya nga balayoón, kay nagtú-gon siá nga, kon maában na, ipadalá sa íya sa waláy lídan. Finish the cloth for making dresses, for she ordered it to be sent to her at once, when it was ready. Abáni akó sing duhá ka patádyong. Get me off the loom two native skirts, i. e. cloth sufficient for two such skirts called patádyong. Dílì makaában ang subâ siníng umá, kay may pángpang nga dínglì. The river cannot carry (wash) away this farm-land, for its bank is of hard sandstone. Naában na ang tátlo ka búlan sa napúlò nga inogbulúthù níya sa koléhyo. Three months have gone by already of the ten he has to study at college. Ginában níya ang dakû níya nga mánggad sa mga kalingáwlingáwan kag waláy pulús nga mga kahinguyángan. He spent his great wealth on diversions and useless extravagance. (see hingápus, hingapús, kúhà, búhin, áb-ab, etc.).


abáy-abáy

Hiligaynon

Dim. and Freq. of abáy. Also: to meddle, put one's nose in, interfere. Indì ka magabáyabáy sinâ nga mga butáng. Don't meddle in those things. Don't put your nose in such matters. (see pahilabót, pasilabút, pakít-arakáng).


abokádo

Hiligaynon

A kind of orange-tree. (see kahíl, naranhíta).


absolusyón

Hiligaynon

(Sp. absolución) Absolution, acquittal. (see pagpatáwad, kapatawáran).


ábut

Hiligaynon

To reach, come up with, overtake, catch up with. Abúton ko ikáw karón. I shall soon overtake you. Dalágan ka, agúd dílì ka maábut kag sungáyon sang karabáw nga simarón. Run, lest the wild buffalo should catch and toss you. Básì maábut mo pa siá sa dálan. Possibly you may overtake him yet on the road. Nagabút gid siá, ápang walâ makaábut sang misa. He arrived, indeed, but too late for hearing Mass. (Literally: "----, but he could not reach Mass).


ádat

Hiligaynon

Acridity, pungency, sharpness, bitterness; to be or become sour, sharp, bitter, hot, biting, acid, pungent, acrid. Ang nagakáon sing búnga nga línghod sang kabúgaw maadátan. He who eats unripe fruit of a pomelo tree will find it very bitter. Ang sabór siníng kabúgaw nagpaádat sang ákon dílà. The taste of this pomelo was like acid on my tongue. Naadátan ang tutúnlan ko. I feel a biting in my throat. (árat id.).


ádyò

Hiligaynon

A contr. of tarádyon-irascible, irritable, getting angry on the slightest provocation. (see pikón).


ág-ag

Hiligaynon

To separate, cull, pick, weed out. Ag-agá ang mga bató sa balás. Pick out the stones from among the sand. Ag-agi ang saburán sang hilamón. Weed out the grass from the plot of rice-seedlings. Iág-ag akó ánay sang mga óhot sa humáy. Please gather the empty ears from among the rice-grains. Inag-agán mo na sang mga lánsang ang sinapíyo? Have you picked out the nails from among the shavings?


agáp

Hiligaynon

To rise early, be early at work, to do early in the morning, anticipate. Agapí ang pagarádo. Be early at the ploughing. Rise early in the morning for the ploughing. Agapá ang pagbúhat sinâ. Do it early in the morning. Gina-*agapán nila ang pagpangítà sing mga tulún-an, bisán madúgay pa ang pagbukás sang mga buluthúan. They are already looking for books, though the opening of the schools is still a long while off. (see pamúka).


agáy-ay

Hiligaynon

Decomposition, rottenness, decay, blight, produced by the action of small worms, vermin, insects, parasites (both vegetable and animal), the decayed parts frequently being turned into powder. Also used as a verb. May agáy-ay or ginaagáy-ay ang káhoy, bugás, tápì, salúg, etc. The wood-, rice-, board-, floor-, is worm-eaten. Igátong na lang ang inagáy-ay nga káhoy. Use the worm-eaten timber for firewood. Ang kadiós inagay-ayán na man. The black peas have also become infested with blight.


agóy

Hiligaynon

An exclamation of pain and suffering. Agóy, kasakít siníng hubág ko. Oh, dear me. Oh, the pain of this boil of mine! Agóy, daw sa dílì na akó makabatás siníng kahápdì. Oh, dear, I can hardly stand this pain any longer. (see aragóy).


aguyóng

Hiligaynon

A moan, groan, sigh; to moan, groan, sigh. Nagadígwà siá, nagaaguyóng kag nagahápò ang íya ginháwa. He is retching (as if about to vomit), groaning and breathing with difficulty. (see agóy, aragóy, bákhò, ugayóng).


áhag

Hiligaynon

To choose, select, pick out. (see ág-ag, árag, pílì, áno).


aháy

Hiligaynon

Ah! Oh! Alas! Aháy, nga pagkawaláy pálad! Alas, bad luck! Aháy, pagkalisúd sang ákon maláut nga kapaláran nga dáw waláy paaliwánsan! Oh, the wretchedness of my fate from which there is no escape!


ákò

Hiligaynon

To be able to, to be capable of, to have the power or ability; to undertake, to assume the responsibility for. Ginaakóan ko ang pagbúhat sinâ. I undertake to do that or I am ready to accept the responsibility for that. Ginaákò or ginaakóan ko iníng sayúp. I accept all the blame or responsibility for this fault. Indì siá makaákò sa pagpatigáyon sinâ. He is not capable of accomplishing that. (see kaákò, makaákò, gahúm, saráng, agám, ágap).


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ala-asáwa

Hiligaynon

Concubine, an unmarried or illegally married woman. (see araasáwa, oloasáwa).


(derived from the Sp. hacendera, hacendero) The female (male) owner of a comparatively small farm; a farmer on a small scale.


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