Search result(s) - bató

bató

Hiligaynon

Stone, rock; to stone. Batohá ang idô. Throw a stone at the dog. Ginbató (binató) níya silá, ang baláy, etc. He stoned-them,-the house, etc. Kon índì ka maálam magísip batoán (batohán) mo lang. If you don't know how to count, use stones for the purpose. Kuhái ang dálan sináng mga bató. Take those stones off the road. Iníng dútà madámù sing bató. This is stony soil-or-there are many stones on this land. Bató nga maídlak (batóngmaídlak). A precious stone, diamond. (see dakál-dákal-gravel; balás-sand).



báto

Hiligaynon

A complete thing, a whole, a piece of anything round or cubical in shape, as an egg, ball, coconut, brick, etc. (see bílog, bóo, boók).


bátò

Hiligaynon

To resist, oppose, go against, disobey, be refractory, answer back, contradict, rise against. Batói siá. Resist him. Oppose him. Ginbatóan (binatóan) níya akó. He made a stand against me. He answered me back. (see bátok, súmpung, kóntra).


ág-ag

Hiligaynon

To separate, cull, pick, weed out. Ag-agá ang mga bató sa balás. Pick out the stones from among the sand. Ag-agi ang saburán sang hilamón. Weed out the grass from the plot of rice-seedlings. Iág-ag akó ánay sang mga óhot sa humáy. Please gather the empty ears from among the rice-grains. Inag-agán mo na sang mga lánsang ang sinapíyo? Have you picked out the nails from among the shavings?


ágsik

Hiligaynon

To fly off, scatter, spray, splash, bespatter. Sang pagbí-al ko sang káhoy ang mga inágsap nagágsik sa malayô. When I split the wood, the chips flew to a distance. Naagsikán akó sang lúnang. I got bespattered with mud. Indì ka magpalapít dirâ, kay básì maagsikán ka sing binílbig nga bató. Don't go near there, for you may be hit by a flying piece of stone. Paagsiká ang bató. Let the stone-chips fly. (see ásang, ásik, ápok, lásik).


agúnta

Hiligaynon

To wheeze, be short of breath. Kon mamuérsa ka sa paghákwat siníng bató, magaagúnta ka. If you exert yourself much in lifting this stone, you will gasp for breath.


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


alapogón

Hiligaynon

(H) Fit for-, capable of-, being made into lime; to be converted into lime (for betelnut chewing, building purposes, etc.). Bató nga alapogón. Stones convertible into lime. Many shells like those of the ígi, tamburúkò, tibótíbo, awís, etc. are "alapogón" for betelnut chewing. (see ápog).


alintabó

Hiligaynon

The rising of clouds of dust, the splashing or spraying of water and the like; to rise (of dust), to splash, spray (of water, etc.). Ang yáb-ok nagaalintabó sa hángin. The dust is rising in clouds on account of the wind. Ginapaalintabó ang yáb-ok sang hángin. The wind raises the dust in clouds. Paalintabohá ang túbig sa línaw. Make the water splash in the quiet pool. Ang túbig magaalintabó kon balángan mo sing bató nga dakû. Water will splash, if you throw a big stone into it. Natabónan ang ámon mga panápton sang yáb-ok, kay naalintabohán kamí bangúd sang mamádlus nga hángin. Our clothes got covered with dust, because it rose in clouds around us due to the strong wind. Abi, ipaalintabó akó sang túbig, kay malúyag akó magtán-aw. Well, cause the water to splash, for I should like to see it.


álsa

Hiligaynon

(Sp. alza, alzar) A rise in price; the raising of merchandise, money, etc. on credit; to raise, lift, hoist; to get on credit. Ang tanán nga mga balalígyà sa almasín siníng komersyánte álsa gid lámang sa Ilóng-ílong or ginálsa gid lámang níya sa Ilóng-ílong. All the goods on sale in the store of this merchant are (were) obtained by him on credit from Iloilo. Alsahá pa gid ang káhoy sing diótay. Raise the wood yet a little. Alsahí iníng lugár sang mga bató. Remove the stones from this place. Alsahá ang tíngug mo. Raise your voice to a higher pitch. Iálsa akó ánay siníng láta nga túbig. Please lift this can of water for me. Alsahán mo gid ánay ang baráha kag ugáling ipanhátag (ipanghátag). First cut the cards and then deal them out. (For an increase in wages and the like "pasákà" is to be used. Napasakáan ang íya sóhol. His wages have been raised).


ámbak

Hiligaynon

(B) To jump down; to drop or fall down, as water over a precipice, etc. Ang túbig nagaámbak sa busáy. The water falls down over the precipice. Ang bátà nagámbak sa subâ humalín sa pángpang. The boy jumped into the river from the bank. Ambakí ang bató dídto. Jump down on that stone there. Ambak lang. Just jump down. Paambaká si Fuláno. Make N.N. jump down. Iníng subâ may madámù nga paámbak. This river has many waterfalls or cataracts. Paambakón ta ang subâ, básì may madakúp nga ísdà. Let us put a barrier across the river, perhaps we may be able to catch some fish. (see túmbò-to jump up straight, to rebound from the floor; lúmpat, lúkso-to leap, jump, spring).


ampáyo

Hiligaynon

(Sp. amparar) Help, assistance; to help, assist, lend a hand. Ampayóhi siá sa íya mga buluhatón. Help him in his work. Iníng káro páti karabáw iampáyo ko sa íya sa paghákot sing bató. I will assist him to carry stones with this cart and buffalo. Paampayóha sa íya ang ímo sologoón. Let your servant help him or lend him a hand. (see búlig).


ámyon

Hiligaynon

Fragrance, etc. See amión.

-an, A suffix which goes to form nouns, adjectives, and verbs, and conveys the fundamental meaning of "the place where". Note: This meaning is very clear in place-names, e.g. Batoán-the place where there are stones, from bató-stone; Balásan-the place where there is sand, from balás-sand; Tigbáwan-the place where there is tígbaw-reed, from tígbaw-reed, etc.

NOUNS: I) Likóan-a turning, a lane, from likô-to turn aside; Tuburán-a spring, source, from tubúd-to trickle; Lapakán-a treadle, from lápak-to tread, etc.

2) The suffix-an in conjunction with the prefix ka-goes to form abstract and collective nouns, e.g. Kasugtánan-agreement, from sugút-to agree; Kakahóyan-forest, trees, from káhoy-tree, wood; Kabatáan-children, from bátà-child, baby; Kataóhan-men, mankind, from táo-man; Kabulúyhan-habit, custom, from buyó-to accustom, etc.

ADJECTIVES: Isganán-brave, powerful, from ísug-to be or become brave; Manggáran-rich, wealthy, from mánggad-wealth, property; Gamhánan-mighty, powerful, from gahúm-might, power; Pahóan-one who possesses many mango-trees, from páhò-a mango-tree, etc.

VERBS:-an goes to form what is called "the passive in-an", and denotes:

1) the place where an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ang alipokpokán siníng bakólod pagapatindogán ko sang bág-o ko nga baláy. I will build my new house on the top of this hill. (patíndog-to erect, build). Amó iní ang lugár nga linúbngan níla sa kay Fuláno. This is the place where they buried (the body of) N.N. (lubúng-to bury).

2) the person for whose benefit, or to whose detriment, an action (expressed by the root) is performed, e.g. Ginbuhátan níya akó sing asálan. He made a roasting spit for me. (búhat-to make). Indì mo siá paghimóan sing maláin. Don't harm him. (hímò-to do, with maláin-to do harm).

3) an impression, affection, sensation, mental state, or the like, e.g. Natahumán akó sinâ. That impressed me with its beauty. That appeared to me quite nice, (tahúm-to be or become nice, beautiful). Nalas-ayán akó sa íya. I am disgusted with him. He is abominable to me. (lás-ay-to be or become insipid). Nagin-otán akó. I feel it sultry. (gínot-to be or become sultry). Ginaitumán akó siníng báyò. This dress (jacket)-looks black to me,-is too black for me. (itúm-to be or become black), etc.

N.B. It should be borne in mind that the context alone can determine the exact meaning of-an. "Naadlawán akó"-to quote only one example-means: "Full daylight was (came) upon me". But in connection with what may precede or follow this phrase can be translated in various ways, e.g. "I stayed till (late in the) morning". "I continued to do something without interruption till the sun stood high in the heavens". "I arrived in bright daylight (and came-too late,-too soon,-in time)". "I passed part of the day, or a full day", etc. Hence the translations given in this dictionary are not exclusive of other versions.


ápog

Hiligaynon

Lime; to be converted into lime. Nagápog na ang mga bató sa alapogán. The stones in the lime-kiln are now reduced to lime. Apóga ang mga olokabá. Make lime of the shells. Pintahí ang padér sing ápog. Whitewash the wall with lime.


ápok

Hiligaynon

To fly or jump off as a chip of wood, stone, etc. Naapókan akó sang napíngas nga bató. I was struck by a flying piece of stone. Diótay lang akó apókan sang bató. The flying stone nearly hit me. Nagápok ang inágsap nga káhoy sa malayô. The chip of wood flew far. Inápok ang napíngas nga bató. The chip of stone was sent flying off. Inapókan siá sang isá ka báhin sang rekamará nga naglupók. He was hit by a piece of the mortar that burst. (see ásik, ágsik, ásang, ályas).


árak

Hiligaynon

A sound or noise as of many, pattering, clattering, bickering, a medley of voices or sounds; to sound, make a noise or movement as of many at the same time or in quick succession. Ang balás nagaárak sa sim. The sand is pattering loudly on the zinc. Naarákan gid kamí sang mga lisó sa géra. During the war bullets constantly whirred about us. Ginpaarákan ang ámon baláy sing mga bató sang ámon matístis nga kaáway. Our spiteful enemy made our house resound with the number of stones he threw. (see bárak).


ásang

Hiligaynon

To jump, dart, fly off (as chips of stone, etc.). Nagásang ang binókbok nga bató sa malayô. The crushed stone flew off to a great distance. Naasángan akó sing balás, túbig, lúnang, etc. I got bespattered with sand, water, mud, etc. Dî mo pagpaasángon ang bató. Don't send the chips of stone flying in all directions. (see ásik, ápok, ályas).


ayát

Hiligaynon

Challenge, provocation, defiance; to defy, challenge, provoke. Ayatá siá. Defy him. Challenge him. Ayatí siá sang binángon. Challenge him with the bolo. Balángan ko ang íya baláy sing mga bató sa pagayát sa íya-or-nga iayát ko sa íya. I'll pelt his house with stones to provoke him. (see ákiat).


bág-od

Hiligaynon

To rub two stones together, to crush or pulverize, between two stones or against a stone. Ginabag-orán ang bató nga bukáy sing binókbok nga bukáy túbtub nga magpíno kag ihínis sa ngípon. The crushed white stone is rubbed between two white stones till it becomes fine powder, and can be used to clean the teeth with. Ang tayóbong ginabág-od sa bató kon unawón. The tayobong-root is rubbed against a stone to rid the pulp of juice. Ibág-od mo ang tayóbong sa bató. Rub the tayobong-roots against a stone.


bálang

Hiligaynon

To throw, fling, hurl, cast, pitch, chuck, toss, send at, pelt, stone. Balánga siá sing bató. Throw a stone at him. Ginbálang níla ang haló sing mga bató. They pelted the iguana with stones. Balángi ang amô sing tinápay. Toss some bread to the monkey. Ibálang iníng bató sa báboy. Throw this stone at the pig. (see habóy, pilák).


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9