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túmpok

Hiligaynon

A pile, heap, stack, mound, barrow, cairn, clump, mass (of wood, earth, stones, etc.); to pile, stack, amass, heap together, heap (up), make a heap of. Tumpoká ang mga bató. Put the stones together in a heap. Pile up-, Make a heap of-, the stones. Tinumpokán níla sang mga páhò ang látok. They put the mangoes in a heap on the table. Sa gihápon may mga tinúmpok nga ságing nga ginabalígyà sa tiénda. There are always piles of bananas for sale at the market. Ipatúmpok sa táo yanáng mga káhoy nga nalápta dirâ. Get someone to gather together in a heap the pieces of wood lying about over there. (see kamáda, túmpi).



túmu

Hiligaynon

To soak, drench, saturate, steep in, fill with. Ang íya tagiposóon natúmo sang katám-is sang paghigúgma. His heart was full with the pleasant feeling of love. Ang ságbot, labí na gid kon matúmu sing túbig, támà kabáhò. Rubbish, particularly when thoroughly wet with water, emits a very vile (offensive) odour. (see húpug, húmug, basâ, lúgum, tóoy, salúpsup).


túmud

Hiligaynon

To point at, aim at, try to hit, direct towards or against. Tumúda (-úra) ang bató. Try to hit the stone. Tinúmud níya si Fuláno sang amó nga paitínítin. Those insinuations of his were aimed at N.N. Itúmud sa íya ang pusíl. Point the rifle at him. (see túmtum, patúmtum).


túnaw

Hiligaynon

To melt, fuse, flux, dissolve, liquefy, smelt; to digest. Walâ pa gánì matúnaw ang ímo kináon kag malakát ka na? Your food is not yet digested and you wish to be off? Gintúnaw níya ang tímgà, tálo, etc. He melted the lead, the candle-grease, etc. Ang dîmatunáwan (sang íya nga kináon). One suffering from indigestion (dyspepsia). (see hinunáw).


túndà

Hiligaynon

Announcement, news, information, declaration, message; to announce, declare, make known, let one know, tell, give one to understand, bring a message, herald, proclaim, promulgate. Ang mga manugbántay sang mga háyup gintundaán sang isá ka ánhel (anhél). The shepherds received the message of an angel. Itúndà sa íya ngag--. Make known to him that--. May nabáton nga túndà nga--. A message has been received to the effect that--. (see balítà, pahibaló).


túndog

Hiligaynon

To take food to someone who is in the fields; to take after, to follow, imitate, copy. Itúndog ang panyága sa kay tátay. Tundogí si tátay sang panyága. Take the dinner to father (in the fields). (see ábat, ápas, sunúd, panúndug, ílog, súbung, tulád).


tungâ

Hiligaynon

Half, moiety; middle, midst, centre; to halve, bisect, cut or divide into two equal parts. Tungâ sa táknà. Half an hour. Sa tungâ sang--. In the midst (middle, centre) of--. Halfway (Midway) between--. Sa tungâ sang madámù níya nga buluhatón--. In the midst of his many duties or tasks to be performed--. Túng-a (Tungaá) iní. Divide this into two equal parts. Halve it. (see pihák, píhak).


túngab

Hiligaynon

To light, set fire to, ignite; to light one cigar with another, or the like. Tungábi ang tabákò ko sang kaláyo sang ímo tabákò. Itúngab ang kaláyo sang ímo tabákò sa ákon tabákò. Light my cigar with yours. Patungába akó. Let me light my cigar with yours. (see dábok, dáig, súnug, tútud, síndi).


túnghol

Hiligaynon

To hand over, give to, deliver, hand, press into the hand of, transfer to, give up to, give into the possession of another. Itúnghol (mo) sa íya iníng sulát. Hand him this letter. Gintungholán (Tinungholán) akó níya sing limá ka mángmang. He pressed five pesos into my hand. Gintungholán ko siá sang páyong nga íya nalipatán. I put in his hand the umbrella he had forgotten. (see dóhol, entregár, hátag, taó, túgrò).


túngkad

Hiligaynon

To fathom-, plumb-, measure-, sound-, the depth of, to take soundings, heave the lead; to find out, comprehend, understand thoroughly, get at the bottom of. Tungkará (-adá) kon anó ang kadalumón sang túbig. Measure (with a plummet) the depth of the water. Plumb the depth of the water. Walâ siá makatúngkad sang íya sinâ nga kahulúgan. He could not fathom (understand, comprehend) the meaning of that (its meaning). Ipatúngkad lang sa íya inâ. Let him guess it (find it out). (see takús, sókol, hangúp, sáyod, usísà, etc.).


tungúd

Hiligaynon

Right, reason, motive, interest, relation or connection with, reference, regard. May tungúd siá kag bangúd sa pagbúhat sinâ. In acting thus he has (had) right and reason on his side. Anó ang tungúd mo sinâ? What is your interest in that matter (affair)? What have you got to do with it? Sa tungúd siní gánì--. Just on account of this--. Precisely for this reason--. N.B. Besides as noun "tungúd" is also very widely used as:

1) Verb: to concern, refer to, belong to, have a relation or connection with, e.g. iníng báhin sang humáy natungúd sa kay Fuláno. This part of the rice belongs (pertains) to N.N. Ipanáysay mo inâ sa mga punoán nga natúngdan. Explain that to the authorities that are concerned in the matter (--to the proper, corresponding authorities). Patungúd, pahanungúd-to attribute to, offer up-for,-in behalf of,-in behoof of, to do for the-sake of,-good of, to do to the advantage of, apply to, bestow upon, consider as belonging to, impute, etc. Iníng indulhénsya saráng mapahanungúd sa mga kalág sa purgatóryo. This indulgence can be applied to the souls in Purgatory. Dílì mo pagipatungúd sa ibán ang ímo mga sayúp. Don't impute your own faults to someone else.

2) Conjunctive particle: Because, since, seeing that, for, on the ground that, in as much as, e.g. Naakígan siá sang íya agálon tungúd nga nagsabát siá. He roused (incurred) the anger of his master, because he answered back. Walâ siá makatámbong, tungúd kay nagmasakít siá. He could not put in an appearance, because he-was taken ill,-had been taken ill,-took ill. Tungúd kay (Tungúd nga) ginbúhat mo inâ pangabagáha na man ang salábton. On the ground that you have done it you must also shoulder the responsibility.

3) Preposition: a. About, concerning, touching, as to, as for, respecting, as respects, with respect to, regarding, as regards, with regard to, referring to, with reference to, in connection with, pertaining to, appertaining to, bearing upon, relating to, with relation to, etc. Namángkot siá (sa) tungúd sang bilí sang kawáyan. He asked about the price of bamboo. Sa tungúd sang íya pagpalágyo walâ akó kabatî (makabatî) sing bisán kon anó. As to his flight, I have heard nothing whatever about it.

b. Because of, owing to, for the reason that, on the ground that, on account of, etc. Nasáyran ko na tungúd sang ímo pagsáysay. I know now because of your explanation. Ginbalúsan siá níla tungúd sang íya kaísug kag tungúd sang íya pagpatigáyon sing búlig. They rewarded him for his courage and because he brought up help. Walâ silá makabáyad tungúd sang íla piérde (kapierdéhan) sa bágyo. They could not pay on account of the losses they had sustained in the bágyo. Tungúd sa anó? Why? Wherefore? For what reason? Tungúd siní. Therefore. For this reason.

c. For the good of, for the sake of, for the benefit (advantage) of, for, in behalf (behoof) of. "Indì kamó maghibî tungúd sa ákon, kóndì tungúd sa ínyo kag sa ínyo mga anák". Don't weep over me, but weep for yourselves and for your children".

d. Through, through the agency of, by, by means of, by the help of, etc. Tungúd kay Hesukrísto nga Aton Ginóo. Through Jesus Christ, Our Lord. Nakadángat siá sa pagpatábà sang íya umá sa maáyo nga bilí tungúd kay Pédro. He managed to sell his field at a fair price by the help (through the-influence,-intervention,-good offices) of Peter. (see bangúd, kay, hay, nahanungúd, nahatungúd, pahanúngdan, katungdánan, palahanúngdan).


tunúg

Hiligaynon

Sound, resonance, tone, strain, peal, blast, din, noise. Nabatián ko ang mabáskug nga tunúg sang lupók. I heard the loud detonation of the shot. Ang tunúg sang budyóng. The blast of a trumpet. Ang tunúg sang linggánay. The sound of a bell.


tunyági

Hiligaynon

To rail at, scoff, mock, curse and swear at. Hinúgay ka sang pálak kag índì ka magtunyági sang yárà sa idálum. Calm your (angry) excitement and don't rail at (upbraid, speak insolently to) those below you. (see pamuyáyaw, pamúlag, támay, yagutâ, ulígyat).


tupâ

Hiligaynon

To alight-, fall-, drop-, come to rest-, on. Natúp-an (Natupaán) ang botílya sang bulutángan sang abó kag nabúung (nagkabúung). The ash-tray fell on the bottle and it (the bottle) was smashed.


tupád

Hiligaynon

Side, nearness, closeness, proximity, propinquity, vicinity, juxtaposition, immediate neighbourhood. Sa tupád sang ámon baláy. Close by-, near-, at the side of-, adjoining-, our house. Near us. In our immediate neighbourhood. (see luyó, kílid, lapít, tamparán, atubángan-front).


tupók

Hiligaynon

To fall, be wounded or killed in war, die in battle, or the like. Ang mga nagkalatupók kag nagkalapatáy sa latagón sang pagawáyan. Those that fell and died on the field of battle. Naígò siá sang lisó kag natupók (nagkatupók). The bullet hit him and he fell to the ground. (see túmba).


tupús

Hiligaynon

(B) To suffer, stand, bear, have to, put up with, have to be content or satisfied with. Nagatupús lang kamí kang ginamús, hay warâ kamí ti ibakál kang ísdà nga láb-as. (Nagaagwánta lang kamí sang ginamús, kay walâ kamí sing ibakál sang láb-as (maáyo) nga ísdà). We have to eat salt fish, as we have no money to buy fresh fish. (see agwánta, batás, ántus, íro).


turâ-túrà

Hiligaynon

To shake (swing) to and fro, excite by shaking. Ang manók ginaturâtúrà túbtub nga magsámpok. The cock is shaken to and fro till it fights or gets up a fighting spirit. Ginturâturáan níya akó sang íyang kamót. He shook his hand at me. Ginturâtúrà níya sa ákon ang páhò, ápang walâ man níya pag ihátag. He waved the mango before me, but did not give it to me.


turások

Hiligaynon

To take a short cut through fields, over grass, etc.; to pass, go over or enter without ceremony, interview, call to account, tax with, burst upon, "go for". Ginturások lang námon ang talámnan, tunúk (dúgi), etc. We simply cut across the field, tramped over the thorny shrubs, etc. Indì mo pagturasókon ang pagsulúd sa ákon kwárto, kóndì manóktok ka gid ánay. Don't enter my room unceremoniously, but knock first. Sang pagkabatî níya siní dáyon gid lang íya ginturások si Fuláno. As soon as he heard this, he at once "went for" (had an interview with, expostulated or remonstrated with) N.N. (see túrag, tásak, ládag, láktud, kurágmang).


túrong

Hiligaynon

To turn round, revolve, whirl, pirouette, spin round, rotate, gyrate, twirl. Sa daláyon nga pagtúrong sang mga tinúig--. In the ever turning wheel of Fortune--. In the course of years--. As the years keep (kept) coming round--. (see túyub, búyung).


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