List of Hiligaynon words starting with the letter A - Page 17

ákli

Hiligaynon

A kind of tree and its timber much used for building purposes.



aklihís

Hiligaynon

To shun, shrink from, draw back, avoid being touched or taken hold of. Nagaklihís siá sa ákon. He shrank from me, drew back from me. Aklihisí siá. Shun him. Avoid him. Don't go near him. Paaklihisá si akáy mo sa kay Fuláno. Order or tell your darling girl to keep away from N.N. (see líkaw, likáw, kuyáw).


ákmol

Hiligaynon

Crustiness, thickness; to thicken, to harden, become crusty, to crust or incrust, said of dirt, dusty perspiration on the body, too much starch on clothes and the like. Nagákmol sa íya nawóng ang bálhas kag bulíng. Perspiration and dirt incrusted his face or his face was coated with sweat and dust. May duhá ukón tátlo ka báhin sang ákon báyò nga ginpaákmol sang mamumunák sang almidón. My dress was coated with starch in two or three places by the washerwoman. Kabáskug siníng pakô nga naakmolán sang almidón! Oh, the stiffness of this over-starched sleeve! (see dákmol, dámol, ápol).


akó

Hiligaynon

The first person singular of the personal pronoun: I. Sín-o ikáw?-Akó?-Hóo.-Akó amó si Fuláno. Who are you?-I?-Yes-I am N.N. Akó amó ang nagbúhat siní. I did it, I was the one who did it. Akó sing ákon or akóy ákon walâ sing lábut sinâ. I, for my part or as far as I am concerned, have nothing to do with that. Akó amó ang amó sa gihápon. I am He who is ever the same, "I am who am", (Sum qui sum).


ákò

Hiligaynon

To be able to, to be capable of, to have the power or ability; to undertake, to assume the responsibility for. Ginaakóan ko ang pagbúhat sinâ. I undertake to do that or I am ready to accept the responsibility for that. Ginaákò or ginaakóan ko iníng sayúp. I accept all the blame or responsibility for this fault. Indì siá makaákò sa pagpatigáyon sinâ. He is not capable of accomplishing that. (see kaákò, makaákò, gahúm, saráng, agám, ágap).


akólito

Hiligaynon

(Sp. acólito) Acolythe, altar-boy, mass-server. Akólito ko siá. He is my acolythe. Nagakólito siá. He became an acolythe. He was an altar-boy. He served mass. Makahibaló ikáw magakólito? Do you know how to serve mass? Do you know how to serve as an altar-boy?


ákon

Hiligaynon

My, mine; by or through me; sa ákon-me; to, on, upon, from, away from, towards, in, at, into me. Ang ákon kálò. My hat. Akon iní nga baláy. This house is mine, -belongs to me. Yanâ nga umá ákon gid. That field is my own, -belongs to me alone. Dílì ákon iní nga tulún-an. This book is not mine or does not belong to me. Akon ginhímò iní. This was done by me, I did it. Akon siá pagaluasón. Through me he will get free, I will free him. Walâ siá paghigúgma sa ákon. He has no love for me, does not love me at all. Kon sa ákon lang walâ akó sing kabilinggan. As far as I am concerned I have nothing against it. Nagapalapít siá sa ákon. He is coming towards me, is approaching me. Sa dak-ú nga katístis ginhímò níya iní sa ákon. He did this to me very maliciously. Kútub sang paghalín níya dirí sa ákon túbtub nián walâ ko siá makítà. Since he went away from me until now I have not seen him. Sa ákon bántà índì na siá magbálik sa ákon. In my opinion he will not return to me any more. Kon kís-a dumángat sa ákon ang masubô nga panghunâhúna--. Now and then sad reflections come upon me--. (see nákon, ko, ímo, nímo, mo, íya, níya, ámon, námon, áton, náton, ta, ínyo, nínyo, íla, níla).

N.B. The difference between the use of "ákon" and "nákon, ko" is as follows:

1) in the meaning of a possessive pronoun "ákon" is put before and "nákon, ko" are put after the word they respectively qualify, e.g. Ang ákon idô. Ang idô nákon (ko). My dog. Ang ákon amáy tigúlang na. Ang amay nákon (ko) tigúlang na. My father is now old.

2) in the meaning of a predicative adjective "ákon" is always used and never "nákon" or "ko". Akon iní nga pínggan or Iní nga pínggan ákon. This plate is mine, belongs to me. Dilì ákon iní nga páhò or Iní nga páhò dílì ákon. This mango is not mine, does not belong to me.

3) in the meaning of a personal pronoun with the preposition "s", "ákon" is used exclusively and never "nákon" or "ko" e.g. Ginhátag níya inâ sa ákon. He gave that to me. Nagsúmbag siá sa ákon. He hit (boxed) me.

4) in the meaning of "by me, through me" as a personal agent "ákon" always stands before the verb and can only be used, if the verb is not negatived. Akon ginbúhat iní. This was done by me. Sa waláy duhádúha ákon siá pagaduáwon. Of course, he will be visited by me i.e. I will pay him a visit. Dílì balá matúod nga ákon siá nabayáran? Isn't it true, that he was paid by me i.e. that I paid him? "Nákon" and "ko", if employed in such sentences, take their place invariably after the verb: Ginbúhat ko (nákon) iní. Sa ualáy duhádúha pagaduáwon ko (nákon) siá. Dílì balá matúod nga nabayáran ko (nákon) siá?

But if the verb is negatived "ákon" cannot be used; "nákon" or "ko" must then be employed and be placed between the negative adverb and the verb: Walâ ko (nákon) pagbuháta iní. This was not done by me. Dílì ko (nákon) malipatán iní. I cannot forget it. Indì ko (nákon) malíngkang iníng bató, kay mabúg-at gid. I cannot move this stone, for it is very heavy. Indì pa nákon (índì ko pa) mapúy-an ang bág-o ko nga baláy, kay walâ ko pa (ualâ pa nákon) pagbutangí sing mga galamitón nga kinahánglan. I cannot live in my new house yet, because I have not yet put in the necessary furniture. Walâ ko (nákon) siá pagagdahá kag índì man nákon (índì ko man) siá pagagdahón, kay maláin siá sing pamatásan. I neither invited him nor will I invite him, because he has vicious habits.

5) in sentences where the verb is preceded by a quasi-auxiliary or by adverbs of time or place like "saráng, buót, diín, dirí, dirâ, sán-o pa, etc." "nákon" or "ko" should be used before the verb, even if the latter is not negatived, e.g. Saráng ko mabúhat iní. I can do it. Buót ko ímnon iníng bino. I wish or like to drink this wine. Sán-o ko pa (sán-o pa nákon) mapatíndog ang bág-o nga baláy? When shall I be able to build the new house? Diín ko (nákon) makítà ang kwárta? Where can I find the money?

The foregoing examples and rules are applicable to all personal and possessive pronouns, "ímo, íya, ámon, áton, ínyo, íla" following "ákon" and "nímo, mo, níya, námon, náton, ta, nínyo, níla" following "nákon, ko".


ákon

Hiligaynon

To appropriate or acquire for oneself in the first person. Akónon ko iníng dútà. I'll appropriate this land, I'll make this land my own. Ginákon ko lang iní. I appropriated this for myself.


ákra

Hiligaynon

To pout, to sulk, to say "A", "Hem" and the like in ill-humour, or in rejecting a favour, or refusing a kindness. Anó ang ginaákra mo? Why are you so sulky? What causes you to pout or sulk? Ginhatágan ko ikáw sing duhá ka bílog nga páhò kag nagákra pa ikáw? I gave you two mangoes and still you are discontented?


ákta

Hiligaynon

(Sp. acta) Records, documents, minute-book, written protest.


ákto

Hiligaynon

(Sp. acto) An act. Isá ka ákto sang pagtóo. An act of faith. (see búhat, bubuháton, buluhatón).


akúl-akúl

Hiligaynon

Coarse, rough, badly done (of work); thoughtless, careless. (see dakúldakúl, dagóldagól).


akúl-akúl

Hiligaynon

To fondle, pet, take on one's knees (children, etc.). (see okól-ókol).


ákup

Hiligaynon

To take under one's care, to receive hospitably or kindly, to give board and lodging to, to shelter, feed and clothe. Ginákup níya akó sing mahigugmáon. He received me kindly, charitably, hospitably, supplying all my needs. Akúpa sing maáyo iníng makaloló-oy nga táo. Receive this poor fellow in all kindness. Take good care of this wretched man. Ipaákup ko lang iníng makilímos sa mga punoán. I will hand this beggar over to the care of the authorities. (see sagúd, sapópo, tábang).


akús

Hiligaynon

All persons included in, or belonging to, the same household, members of a family, (see panimaláy).


akút

Hiligaynon

Selfish, stingy, etc. See akíd.


ákyat

Hiligaynon

See ákiat.


ál-al

Hiligaynon

To get loose, to peel or scale off, as a piece of bark, skin, flesh, etc. Nagál-al na ang kogán sang ákon butí. The scabs of my smallpox have now fallen off. Lauyáha ang kárne túbtub nga magál-al sa túl-an. Boil the meat till it comes loose from the bone. Al-alá or paal-alá ang pánit sang manók. Boil the chicken till the skin comes away.


alâ

Hiligaynon

A Tagala, a Tagalog woman, (tagála id.).


alá

Hiligaynon

Pull! Haul! Now then! Hello! An exclamation used in animating workmen, in enforcing attention and the like. Alá na kamó nga tanán! Now then, pull all together! Alá ikáw dirâ, halín ka. Hello! you there, clear out. (see halá id. and the more usual form; perhaps from the Sp. hala).


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